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正清和雅 · 禅院|九华山莲花小镇第1张图片


MOMA Lotus Resort, Jiuhua Mountain
Anhui, China

初见九华,山形清晰,山外有山,层峦叠嶂,不负“东南第一山”之美誉。

地藏铜像就这样静静的站立在山峰之下,与山、水、村庄一起,经受着岁月的洗礼。唐开元末年,金地藏卓锡九华,1600多年以来,地藏道场声名远播,九华的奇峰峻岭与佛教文化融为一体,独具风格。

When Jiuhua Mountain first comes into view, we can see its clear shape. With its endless peaks, it lives up to the reputation as "the best mountain in Southeast China".
The bronze statue of Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva stands quietly under the peaks, withstanding the test of time together with the mountains, the water, and the villages here. In the late Kaiyuan Period of the Tang Dynasty, Ksitigarbha Jin came to Jiuhua; over the next 1,600 years, the Ksitigarbha Bodhimanda has become widely known. The peaks and mountains of Jiuhua Mountain are integrated with Buddhist culture, presenting a unique style.

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莲花小镇就坐落在地藏铜像旁。说是小镇,更像一个村落,以自然肌理为脉络,建筑三五成群,形成聚落,既是旅客登山礼佛后的驿站,也可聚三五好友在青山绿水间煮酒夜话。

The Lotus Town stands just close to the bronze statue. In fact, this small town is more like a village, with natural veins and groups of buildings, making it an ideal place for tourists to rest after climbing mountains to worship Buddha and for friends to gather and drink tea.

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正清和雅禅院是莲花小镇的第一个建筑,也是小镇的村口。“一棵树、一口井、一只打鸣的公鸡”这是中国人脑海中的“村口”画面,也是思乡情愫中强烈的暗示。我们给予小镇的是充分的广场、广阔的水面、一口钟和那棵树。

The MOMA Lotus Resort is the first building, which is located at the entrance of the town. “A tree, a well, and a crowing rooster” is the image of the “entrance to a village” in Chinese people’s mind, which is also a strong hint of homesickness. What we design for the town is a wide square, water element, a bell and the tree.

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体块分析图

建筑并没有选择碎片的方式来消隐在自然之中,而是以完整的形态放置于水面上,似将四时之景纳入院中,又似院中岁月溢出山水天地,空间由人所创,禅境由心而生。

The building does not disappear into the nature in the form of debris; it is placed on the water in a complete form, as if to integrate the scenery of the four seasons into the courtyard, or let the architecture and landscape, heaven and earth integrate to feel the changes of four seasons. The space is created by human beings, and the world is as how you feel it.

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禅院就以这样一个拙朴姿态展现出来,然后交由漫长的岁月去填补,就像村庄、佛像的出现,是不同时期人类在自然中活动行为的结果,最终又必然与自然融为一体。

The building is shown in such a humble manner, and then perfected by the time. For example, the appearance of villages and Buddha statues is the result of human activities and behaviors in nature in different periods, and eventually they are bound to be integrated with nature.

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建筑的屋顶是一个回旋向上的坡屋面,最高点定义在场地的东南角,同时也解决了局部两层的功能设定。

The roof of the building is an upward sloping roof with the highest point defined in the southeast corner of the site, which also solves the function setting of local two floors.

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模型照片

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功能分析


完整的屋面之下,功能被进行了切割和完全的拉开,庭院嵌入其间,内外界限随之模糊,院内院外皆为水面,倒影中,可由外见禅院生活,又可由内见山中风雨。

Under the complete roof, the function is completely divided and separated, and the courtyard is embedded to blur the boundary between inside and outside. Water elements are designed both inside and outside the courtyard, so that with reflections in the water, people can taste the life of the Zen Garden from the outside and enjoy the different scenery and climate of the mountains from the inside.

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建筑采用两种色调,灰色与木色,灰色在外木色在内,饰面砖以空斗砖墙的形制进行拼贴,其上覆以小青瓦屋面,于乡村的界面中,显拙朴与沉稳。

内院则采用大量的木色铝板和玻璃,在阳光的作用下格外温暖。内外的材质在檐口之下进行过渡,吊顶的木色延伸至室外,倒影于水中,灰砖则转入走廊及小院四周,流动与延伸是空间的主题。

The building is decorated in two colors, with grey exterior wall and the wood interior wall. The tapestry bricks are collaged in the form of hollow brick walls, covered with small grey-green roof tiles, so as to present a humble and calm atmosphere against the background of the countryside.
The materials of the inner courtyard adopt a large number of wooden color aluminum plates and glass, which are warm under the sunshine. The interior and exterior materials are transitioning under the cornice, the wooden color of the suspended ceiling extends outside, reflecting in the water, and grey bricks are used around the corridor and courtyard. Flow and extension are the themes of the space.


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陡峭的屋面可以更好的营造光影,但对于固定小青瓦是个不小的挑战,天井采用进口菠萝格原木,打造徽居中典型的四水归堂,建造过程,仿佛是一场古今的对话。

The steep roof can create better light and shadow, but fixing small grey-green tiles is not a small challenge. The patio adopts imported merbau logs to create a typical “rain flows into the patio from all sides” style of Anhui folk houses. The construction process is like a dialogue between ancient and modern times.

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建筑主要功能作为酒店使用,房间设置在南面及东面,可望山敬佛。二层的部分,将房间横向布置,从而产生了一条内走道,天窗也自然而然出现,顶部的采光延伸到楼梯的位置,形成方形矩形若干窗井,随着光线的变化,这是一个意外生动的空间。

The resort visitors will catch a mountain view, with rooms arranged to the south and east, where the Buddha can be worshipped. The rooms on the second floor of the building are arranged horizontally, resulting in an internal walkway, and skylights appear naturally. The lighting from the top extends to the position of the stairs, forming several rectangular windows, and an unexpected vivid space appears as the light changes.

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结语

建筑给予场所、使用者去定义功能。设计理念取自于中国禅和茶的文化,空间的创作在高度、广度上给予足够的尺度,将自然山水人文穿插进建筑,而放松生活状态的停留或是感悟禅理哲学的升华,则交由不同的使用者去体验,小镇的意义也正在于此。

To sum up, the function of the building must be defined by the environment where it is located and the user. The building integrates the Chinese Zen and tea culture, gives space creation with enough scale in height and breadth, and incorporates the natural landscape and cultural elements into architectural design. It is left to different users to experience the relaxation of life state or the sublimation of Zen philosophy, and this is also the meaning of the town.

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技术图纸

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一层平面图

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二层平面图

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节点大样

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入口节点大样

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天窗节点大样

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南立面图

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西立面图


工程档案

项目名称丨九华山莲花小镇
项目位置丨中国安徽·池州·九华山
项目性质丨酒店
业主单位丨当代置业(安徽)
业主团队丨涂礼军,魏世兴,王起,盛进
建筑设计丨上海日清建筑设计有限公司
设计总负责丨宋照青  熊星
设计团队丨林琼华  魏一鸣  王军  章志武
建筑施工图设计 | 安徽地平线建筑设计有限公司
景观设计丨广州山水比德景观设计有限公司
室内设计丨PAL设计事务所
软装设计丨H DESIGN(旋木尚艺)
建筑面积丨2850㎡
竣工时间丨2019.5
建筑摄影丨是然建筑摄影 Schran Images&张骑麟

Project Archives
Project Name丨MOMA Lotus Resort, Jiuhua Mountain
Project Location丨Jiuhua Mountain, Chizhou, Anhui, China
Project Nature丨Hotel
Owner丨Modern Land (Anhui)
The owner team丨Tu Lijun, Wei Shixing, Wang Qi, Sheng Jin
Architectural Design丨LACIME Architects
Chief Designer丨Song Zhaoqing, Xiong Xing
Design Team丨Lin Qionghua, Wei Yiming, Wang Jun, Zhang Zhiwu
Construction Drawing Design丨Anhui Horizon Design
Landscape Design丨S.P.I Landscape Group
Interior Design丨PAL Design Group
Decoration Design丨H DESIGN
Floor Area丨2850 m2
Time of Completion丨May, 2019
Architectural Photography丨Schran Images & Zhang Qilin


来源:本文由上海日清建筑设计有限公司提供稿件,所有著作权归属上海日清建筑设计有限公司所有。

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