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小教堂的多样重生|旧金山小教堂第1张图片


San Francisco Chapel / PARALELA

由专筑网小R,吴静雅编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:该建筑以Capilla País项目框架为基础,项目初始于2019年夏季,500多名大学志愿者去往智利的不同地点,建造15座小教堂,为当地小型社区的人们带来聚会与祈祷空间,在这里,人们有着简单诚实的信仰,远离教堂的制度危机。项目的设计原则如下:

Text description provided by the architects. Within the framework of the Capilla País project, during the first weeks of the summer of 2019, more than 500 university volunteers traveled to different locations in Chile to build 15 chapels to provide meeting and prayer spaces for people in small and vulnerable communities in the country, where people practice their faith collectively, simply and honestly, far from the institutional crisis of the church and its hierarchies. The proposed and executed project is based on the following design principles:

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象征性特征:一种明显可识别为礼拜堂的结构,鼓励祈祷以及社会活动的实现。使用教堂最基本的图像,基于带山墙屋顶的对称结构。

简约性特征:建筑由大学志愿者完全建造,并没有过多的技术困难,在一定的时间内,通过预制与现场组装的策略建造而成。

材料的应用:教堂有着特殊的功能,同时也最大限度地利用了经济资源,减少材料与时间的损耗。

Symbolic Character: A structure clearly recognizable as a chapel, encouraging prayer as well as the realization of social activities. Using the most elementary image of a church, based on a symmetrical structure with a gable roof.
Constructive Simplicity: A chapel that is built entirely by university volunteers, without difficulties and within the available time frame, based on in-situ prefabrication processes and simultaneous assembly.
Use of Materials: A chapel that allows an excellent performance of its components, both to maximize the use of economic resources as well as to minimize material loss and loss of time.

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间接照明:教堂利用自然采光,同时也结合人工照明设施,构成祈祷氛围。

功能性与扩建性:教堂有着基本的设计策略,可以依据不同的需求进行后期的扩建。

空气调节体系:这座教堂有着良好的热循环体系,而这些设施都可以放置在墙体之中。

Indirect Lighting: A chapel that takes advantage of sunlight to indirectly illuminate the perimeter of the structure, with the possibility of also installing artificial lighting, providing an atmosphere of prayer.
Versatility and Expansion: A chapel with a basic design that allows simple variations and enlargements, depending on the requirements and capabilities of the communities.
Conditioning: A chapel that allows achieving better thermal conditioning with simple subsequent interventions that the community can execute within the wall thickness generated by the structure.

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坚固的山墙框架是教堂的基本单元形态,该框架的重复构成了建筑的基本体系。支柱与桁架能够承担涂层装置的荷载,构成中庭、门窗、饰面等附加模块的多种类型,这样能够让教堂适应不同的项目场地,同时也保留了教堂的特征,同时满足后期的扩建需求。

A rigid gable frame is the most essential unit of the chapel. The repetition of this frame forms a base module determined by the length of a standard plate. The thickness of the pillars and composite trusses allow variations in the installation of coatings, generating various types of additional modules (atrium, doors, finishing, among other possibilities), with multiple possible combinations allowing, on one hand, to adapt the chapel to different geographical conditions and locations, and on the other hand, facilitate its subsequent expansion, without sacrificing the distinctive character of the proposal.

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建筑设计:PARALELA
地点:智利
类别:教堂
主创建筑师:José di Girolamo, Raimundo Salgado, David Meza, Martín Correa, Trinidad Amenábar, José Manuel Arteaga (Alumno Arquitectura UC)
面积:95.0 ㎡
项目时间:2019年
摄影:Nico Saieh, Courtesy of PARALELA
制造商:DVP, Instapanel, Cintac®
顾问:Martín Hurtado (Arquitecto), Mario Wagner (Ingeniero Estructural)
施工管理:Fernando Ulloa (Alumno Construcción Civil UC), Cristóbal Claro (Alumno Arquitectura UC)
施工方:Voluntarios universitarios de diversas carreras
客户:Proyecto Capilla País, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Architects:PARALELA
Location:Viña el Campesino, Melipilla, Región Metropolitana, Chile
Category:Chapel
Lead Architect:José di Girolamo, Raimundo Salgado, David Meza, Martín Correa, Trinidad Amenábar, José Manuel Arteaga (Alumno Arquitectura UC)
Area:95.0 ㎡
Project Year:2019
Photography:Nico Saieh, Courtesy of PARALELA
Manufacturers:DVP, Instapanel, Cintac®
Advisory:Martín Hurtado (Arquitecto), Mario Wagner (Ingeniero Estructural)
Construction Chiefs:Fernando Ulloa (Alumno Construcción Civil UC), Cristóbal Claro (Alumno Arquitectura UC)
Constructors:Voluntarios universitarios de diversas carreras
Client:Proyecto Capilla País, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile












       
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