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会呼吸的穹顶,高效节能的别墅第1张图片


西班牙Stgilat Aiguablava别墅
Villa Stgilat Aiguablava / Enric Ruiz Geli / Cloud 9

由专筑网李韧,曹逸希编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:该项目的主要目的并不是单纯的别墅设计,而是以此为案例来进行项目研究。Ruiz-Geli参考了诸如Richard Neutra、Eames等建筑师的作品,来明确项目概念。上世纪50年代,Richard Neutra在洛杉矶设计了全新的建筑形式,那便是预制装配,这种方式引发了建筑施工的变革,因为这能够有效地减少成本,让更多的中产阶级人士参与其中。

Text description provided by the architects. The main aim of this project isn’t to design a villa, but to carry out a case study. Ruiz-Geli references architects such as Richard Neutra and Eames who helped to define this concept. In Los Angeles in the 1950s, Richard Neutra established a new form of construction with prefabricated parts and rapid manufacturing and assembly. This inspired a revolution, reducing costs and opening the market up to the middle class.

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Charles与 Ray Eames将铝材作为一种材料应用在预制部件的生产之中。同样地,Stgilat Aiguablava代表了一个基于“智能”版地中海建筑的住宅试点项目。先进的技术、数字化及可持续制造技术与周边的自然环境相结合,为Empordà山谷和Brava海岸带来了创新,而其环境背景则是当地的珍贵资源。

该项目的客户来自中欧家庭,十分喜爱地中海文化与生活方式,其优先考虑的是建筑的质量和研究、发展、创新精神,从而表达空间的幸福感。因此,Ruiz-Geli应用了整体性原则,通过建筑风格在每个层次唤醒精神与感官的体验。

Charles and Ray Eames introduced aluminium as a material into the production process of prefabricated parts. In a similar way, Stgilat Aiguablava represents a pilot housing project based on a ‘smart’ version of Mediterranean architecture. Leading-edge technology and digital and sustainable manufacturing integrated with the surrounding nature brings innovation to the Empordà valley and the Costa Brava, considering that the region’s landscape is an invaluable asset that provides cultural a backdrop.
The project’s client is a Central European family, passionate about Mediterranean culture and lifestyle, and whose priority was the quality of architecture and R+D+I (research, development and innovation) over luxury in order to achieve a space of well-being. With this in mind, Ruiz-Geli uses a holistic approach, presenting a style of architecture that evokes sensorial, corporal experiences on every level.

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加泰罗尼亚穹顶成为了这座建筑的主要形式,这是一个大型空间,就如同农舍般构成了建筑的主体。穹顶的应用有着独特的创新优势,它由地中海材质建造而成,能够起到隔热的效果,但是在冬季又能保温,这种材料为多孔材料,使得建筑似乎能够保持呼吸。结构的轻质性和节能性减少了材料的浪费与使用。

在该项目的加泰罗尼亚穹顶之中,建筑师应用了先进的玻璃纤维工程,同时与陶瓷艺术家Toni Cumella进行合作,让陶瓷与周边的自然环境达到和谐。

The Catalan vault gives the main residence it’s structure – a large space, much like the Empordà farmhouses, that defines the house’s interior. The innovation is in the continuous sweep of the curve of the Catalan vault, a technique that has extraordinary advantages. The Catalan vault is made of a Mediterranean material that works in compression, providing the house with great thermal mass, protecting the interior from external heat, whilst enabling the house to retain heat in the winter. It is also a highly porous material, providing dwellers with superior natural breathing conditions. Lightweight and energy efficient arches have been designed using a minimal amount of materials.
The reinvention of the Catalan vault in this project has been done using advanced fibreglass engineering, while the challenge for artisan ceramist, Toni Cumella, has been to create ceramics for the vault that are in harmony with the surrounding nature.

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拱形的建筑立面呼应了周边的山脉。外部陶瓷的绿色色调与周围地区的自然色彩融为一体。在建筑内部,建筑师应用了一种特别的陶瓷,从而满足声学需求。

The vault’s external facade adds to the landscape by following the curves of the surrounding mountains. The green tones of the exterior ceramics are integrated with the natural colours of the surrounding area. Inside, a special type of ceramic has been designed to achieve acoustics of unbeatable quality.

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项目的重点在于与环境的融合,建筑师Enric Ruiz-Geli出生于加泰罗尼亚的中部小型城市Figueres,建筑师为了塑造项目的整体性,与周边的景观、文化、地区材质构成了对话。

陶瓷、暖色的地中海材质、新鲜气息、光影、色彩、露台、海岸线等元素都能激发这座Stgilat Aiguablava别墅的设计灵感。

在设计中,建筑师保留了原有的树木,游泳池可以用于雨水的收集,然后再进行自然地过滤。

The key to this project is its integration with the environment. Architect Enric Ruiz-Geli, born in Figueres, a small city in the middle of the Catalan Empordà, establishes a dialogue with the landscape, culture and materials of the region in order to shape the project.
The ceramics, the warm Mediterranean materials, the freshness, the sun and shade, the colours, the terraces and the curves of the coastline are elements that have inspired and conditioned the design of the Stgilat Aiguablava villa.
The property’s wild garden has preserved the existing trees and the swimming pool collects rainwater, filtering it with natural processes.

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该项目通过与环境的对话,创造了可持续与创新性建筑和数字制造策略,为地区带来极大价值,同时充分表达了地中海文化与生活方式。

In this dialogue with the environment, the project provides sustainable and innovative architecture and digital manufacturing, bringing value to the region and embodying Mediterranean culture and its way of life.

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建筑设计:Enric Ruiz Geli / Cloud 9
地点:西班牙
类别:可持续项目
主创建筑师:Enric Ruiz Geli
项目团队:Cloud 9
项目时间:2019年
摄影:Jordi Alcalà, Gregori Civera, Itot Produccions
制造商:Ceràmica Cumella
施工技术:Claudia Galicia
施工方:Daró La Bisbal
结构设计:BAC Engineering Consultancy Group
能源与装置:PGI Group
声学:David Casadevall
自动化设计:LOXONE
技术顾问:Jose Montsuñer
纤维玻璃工程:Florencio Solana
庭院设计:Pedro Martín
景观设计:BuresInnova
专家委员:José María Torres Nadal, Esteve Bonell

Architects: Enric Ruiz Geli / Cloud 9
Location: Spain
Category: Sustainability
Lead Architects: Enric Ruiz Geli
Project Team: Cloud 9
Project Year: 2019
Photographs: Jordi Alcalà, Gregori Civera, Itot Produccions
Manufacturers: Ceràmica Cumella
Quantity Surveyor: Claudia Galicia
Builder: Daró La Bisbal
Structure: BAC Engineering Consultancy Group
Energy and Installations: PGI Group
Acoustics: David Casadevall
Domotics: LOXONE
Technical Consultant: Jose Montsuñer
Engineering Fiberglass: Florencio Solana
Courtyard: Pedro Martín
Landscaping: BuresInnova
Committee of Experts: José María Torres Nadal, Esteve Bonell

        
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