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查收案例:如何用景观手段解决城市分割问题第1张图片


城市移植下的PORTA GENOVA新宿舍
URBAN GRAFTING, A NEW HOSTEL FOR PORTA GENOVA

由专筑网吕胜强,王雪纯编译

这项城市规划的目的是“实地”研究现有城市景观的物理变形与其环境质量和社会相关性的变化之间的关系。项目场地是位于米兰的Porta Genova铁路广场,项目中提出了一个目前尚未解决的关键问题:铁路广场将城市格局切割成两部分,而且划分了城市的结构。

The aim of this urban project is to research “on the field” the relationships between the physical metamorphosis of an existing urban landscape and the shift in its environmental qualities and social relevance. The project site is the Porta Genova railway yard, in Milan, which presents a critical issue currently unresolved: the railway yard is cutting in two parts the urban pattern, dividing the fabric of the city.

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在城市方面,该项目想要缝合城市的这一部分,创建一个没有被私人和私有化街区封闭的城市,它是多孔的,包容的,随时欢迎人们通过社交和会议空间来进行交流。这种干预的策略源于它的城市结构,是一个有意义的公共开放空间的建立,采取开放和可渗透的形式,其中植被和不规则的“泡沫”的交替从人行道上略些上升,打破广场的线性,鼓励人们来到场地中休憩或漫步。

On the urban side the project wants to sew up this portion of the city, creating a city not locked in private and privatized blocks but that is porous, inclusive, ready to welcome differences through a place of socialization and meeting. The strategy of the intervention, and the urban structure that derives from it, is the creation of a meaningful public open space taking the form of an open and permeable margin in which the alternation of irregular “bubbles” of vegetation, slightly raised from the pavement, break the linearity of the square and encourage access to the the site, inviting people to sit down and stroll around.

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景观的结构采用了几个简单的元素:周边的枫香树和木兰树,生长周期短的的草本植物和芳香植物,休息区域内的水泥路面和鹅卵石,儿童娱乐设施和照明元素。

The structure of the landscape is entrusted to a few simple elements: liquidambar and magnolias trees on the perimeter, ephemeral volumes of grasses and aromatic plants, cement finished paving on the paths and cobblestone inside the rest areas, recreation equipment for children and lighting elements.

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除了公共广场的城市设计,设计方案还包括一个学生宿舍、服务设施和一个多功能的活动和展览空间。为了确保公共空间的主要渗透性,两个新建的建筑一个作为旅舍,另一个作为多功能展馆,被放置在区域的两端,以获得视觉和空间张力。展馆位于车站附近场地的起点,是一个低矮平坦的建筑,与广场上的植被“气泡”形式相呼应。

In addition to the urban design of the public square, the design program includes a student hostel, services and a multi- purpose space for events and expositions. In order to ensure the major permeability to the public space the two new volumes, one hosting the hostel and the other for the multi-purpose pavilion, are placed at the two poles of the area in order to obtain a visual and spatial tension. The pavilion, placed at the beginning of the site near the station, is a low and flat volume taking up the form of the vegetation “bubbles” present in the square.

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相反,青年旅舍位于该区域的北部,与展馆相对,由两个尖锐的体块组成,在剖面和平面上交错,通过一个简单和窄小的体块连接在一起。简单的矩形平面遵循紧密的场地形态和周围建筑的对齐,通过寻求新旧之间对话的设计方法。一楼的设计是为了在有充足大堂的地方设置入口,大窗户确保了外部空间的视觉通透性。

The hostel instead is placed in the northern part of the area, opposite to the pavilion, and consists in two sharp blocks, staggered both in section and in plan, linked in between by a lighter and ephemeral volume. The simple rectangular plans are oriented following the tight site morphology and the alignments coming from the surrounding buildings, by means a design approach that seeks a dialogue between old and new. The ground floor is designed in order to have entrances situated at points where there are ample lobbies ensuring, also thanks to big windows, a visual permeability through the external spaces.

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一楼可以举办不同的公共活动,而在上层则是私人或共享的房间,不同的规模,通过一个“有盖走廊”连接在一起,它不仅作为分配元素,而且成为每层的公共空间。特别是公共房间中,双层床组合成一个单一的木结构,配备抽屉和存放行李的角落,从而形成模块化的房间。最后一层设有落地公共空间,配备了一个公共厨房和沙发,客人可以在阳台上俯瞰城市风景,放松身心。

The ground floor host different public activities, while on the upper floors are present private or shared rooms, of varying scale, binding together by a “covered gallery” that works not only as distributional element but becomes also a common spaces for each storey. In particularly shared rooms are characterized by couples of bunk beds assembled into one single wooden structure, equipped with drawers and nooks where to storage luggages, used to obtain modular rooms. Lastly the last floor hosts a floor-to-ceiling shared space, equipped with a common kitchen and sofas, where guests can chill and enjoy the view from the terrace overlooking the landscape and the city itself.

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项目信息:

建筑设计: Matteo Pigni, Oscar Benaim, Luis Acedo-Rico
客户:未知
地点:米兰,意大利
气候:潮湿的亚热带,温带
材料:混凝土
环境:城市
可视化设计:Studio
规模:6.610 平方米的媒介
类型:酒店,总体规划,公共空间,住宅

Credits
Main architects: Matteo Pigni, Oscar Benaim, Luis Acedo-Rico
Client: Unknown
Location: Milan, Italy
Climate: Humid subtropical, Temperate
Material: concrete
Environment: Urban
Visualizer: Studio
Scale: 6.610 m2 medium
Types: hotel, masterplan, public space, residential

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