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面纱中的幼儿园,神秘又亲和第1张图片


捷克共和国Nová Ruda幼儿园
Kindergarten Nová Ruda – Vratislavice nad Nisou / Petr Stolín Architekt

由专筑网苏一,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:该项目位于捷克共和国,通过为儿童提供教育空间和休闲区,满足了城区对其不断增长的人口的需求。

Text description provided by the architects. The new Kindergarten - Nová Ruda in Vratislavice nad Nisou - solves the need of the city district regarding its growing population, by providing educational spaces and a leisure area for children.

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该地块属于城市公共用地,不仅适合开发幼儿园,也适合开发新住房。该地区本身仍未开发,大部分土地仍然是公共绿地。场地附近有一座历史悠久的建筑、一所中学艺术学校和几栋家庭住宅,整体而言,形成了宁静的乡村环境。

The plot is the property of the city and was chosen as most suitable for the new housing development planned in the immediate vicinity and the new kindergarten. The site itself is still undeveloped and the larger part of the land is defined as public greenery. In the immediate vicinity there is a historic building, a secondary art school, and several patches of family houses, which as a whole, form a rather rural context.

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所选地块受到了一些限制,因为这是北向的斜坡,被高中学校的建筑所遮蔽,还有几条基础设施路线从中穿过。钢筋混凝土的交错和停车区限制了幼儿园的自身空间。因此各项限制、当地的教学楼设施建设标准,以及让儿童接受教育的环境质量的新趋势,都在幼儿园设计方案中得以表现。

The quality of the chosen plot was not entirely appropriate as it is a north-facing slope, shaded by the high school building, crossed by several infrastructure routes. Reinforced concrete communication and  the parking area limited the area for the kindergarten itself. All these restrictions, the Czech standards for the construction of pre-school facilities, as well as the new trends in the quality of the environment in which children are being educated, crystallized in the submitted proposal for a new kindergarten building.

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建筑师希望孩子们通过构图中的各种特殊配置来学习和感知建筑。他们能够在其中探索,并在进入到建筑内部后快速地了解自己的定位。

We want children to learn and perceive architecture through various special configurations which we have tried to implement in the whole composition. They are able to discover the whole building gradually and orient themselves right after entering the house.

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一整天,孩子们都可以在建筑里探寻不同的流线。教室不是普通的长方形,而是一个通过大型平行窗户与外部视觉连接的空间,通过中庭连接到不同的楼层。

All day long, the children can discover the building and all the possible ways to move through it. Their class is not an ordinary rectangular space. It is a space that is visually connected to the exterior by large parallel windows, and to different floors through atriums.

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孩子们的活动因建筑物的高度而异,下部的休息区以及游乐室上方的地板,那是最安静的地方。在这里,孩子们也有机会到外面的露台和旁边的画廊,这些都在建筑的前方。在这里,他们可以到达餐厅上方的主要户外游乐露台。事实上,整座建筑如同一片大丛林。

The children's activities vary through the height of the building: in the lower part there is a bed section, the quietest place, and the floor above houses the playroom. Here, too, the children have the opportunity to go outside to the terrace and the side galleries which continue behind the facade of the house. Here, they can reach the main outdoor play terrace situated above the dining room. The whole building is now, in fact, one big jungle.

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顶层内部净高度最大,可用作教室。天窗为这些区域以及底楼的用餐室带来了自然光线。该建筑包含了2间能容纳25个孩子的教室、4间老师办公室、1间给托儿所经理和农户的办公室、1间能容纳30个孩子和4个成人的餐厅。幼儿园功能区的设计十分齐全,包含了食物准备区、员工衣帽间、清洁室、技术空间和存储区。

The top floor has the highest clear height and serves as a classroom. The skylights bring natural light into these areas and also to the dining room on the ground floor. The building is sized for two departments of 25 children, an office for 4 educators, an office for the nursery manager and farmer, a dining room for 30 children and 4 adults. The design of the functional area of the kindergarten is optimal: food preparation, staff cloakrooms, cleaning room, technical space and storage are all housed under the same roof.

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由于其户外露台和庭院的存在,孩子们可以在户外玩耍。这些区域配备了玩具和餐具的户外存储空间。

幼儿园的两个主体之间的区域用作露台和公共空间。该区域连接到停车场和外部木质铺路,与建筑物的轴线对齐。剩余的地形用作绿色空间,其中包含功能所需的各种游戏元素。

The facility, thanks to its outdoor terraces and courtyard, allows for outdoors play in the sun. These areas are also equipped with outdoor storage for toys and utensils.
The space that is in between the two main bodies of the kindergarten functions as a terrace and public space. This area is connected to the new parking and exterior wooden paving that is aligned to the axis of the building. The remaining terrain will be used as green space with various play elements required by the program.

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材料和表面采用浅色调,与露台上的玻璃和天然木材相结合。

幼儿园设计为砖砌建筑,木质网格上有玻璃纤维立面。整座建筑被钢结构所包围,两条主要部分围绕着另一层梯形玻璃纤维隐藏在街道两侧。

The materials and surfaces are chosen in light tones and are combined with glass and natural wood on the terraces.
The kindergarten is designed as a brick building with a glass-fiber facade on a wooden grid. The whole building is embraced by the steel structure with two walking paths around the two main sections hidden from the street by another layer of trapezoidal fiberglass.

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这种透明度的概念增强了整体质量,并创造了安全感。建筑的外立面如同柔软的面纱,包裹了幼儿园的内部世界。建筑不需要围栏,外壳融合了两个隔间的细长体积,而这两个隔间通过共同的功能区域连接在后面。因此,这种连接将内部中庭转变为遮蔽且舒适的空间。

This concept of transparency enhances the whole mass and creates a sense of security. The outer facade of the house is a soft veil that embraces all the inner world of the kindergarten. The house does not need a fence. The outer shell blends the two slim volumes of the two compartments, which are connected in the back by common and functional areas. Thus, this connection turns the inner atrium into a sheltered and pleasant space.

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建筑设计:Petr Stolín Architekt
项目地点:捷克共和国
类别:幼儿园
首席建筑师:Petr Stolín, Alena Mičeková
客户:City District Vratislavice nad Nisou
面积:915.0 m2
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Alexandra Timpau
制造商:Wienerberger, Knauf-AMF, Rako

Architects: Petr Stolín Architekt
Location: Nad Nisou, 463 12 Liberec, Czech Republic
Category: Kindergarten
Lead Architects: Petr Stolín, Alena Mičeková
Clients: City District Vratislavice nad Nisou
Area: 915.0 m2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Alexandra Timpau
Manufacturers: Wienerberger, Knauf-AMF, Rako

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