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Ilan和Asaf Ramon国际机场
The Ilan and Asaf Ramon International Airport / Amir Mann-Ami Shinar Architects + Moshe Zur Architects

由专筑网邵红佳,王雪纯编译

来自建筑师的描述:The Ilan and Asaf Ramon国际机场由建筑规划事务所Amir Mann-Ami Shina与Moshe Zur建筑师事务所合作设计。机场的服务范围包括红海度假城市Eilat及其周边地区,项目由以色列机场管理局(IAA)委托,总设计师给出了从头到尾的整体设计方案。这座位于Timna的机场是以色列第一个民用航空站。

Text description provided by the architects. The Ilan and Asaf Ramon International Airport was designed by Amir Mann-Ami Shinar Architects and Planners in partnership with Moshe Zur Architects. The Airport, servicing the Red Sea resort city of Eilat and surrounding region, was commissioned by the Israel Airport Authority (IAA) and was handled from A to Z by the architects in their role as Design Managers. Located in Timna, it is Israel's first civil airport built from scratch ("greenfield").

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机场拥有45000平方米的客运大楼、3600米长的跑道和滑行道,以及40个停机坪,可供国内和国际航班使用。航站楼北部和南部的两个支撑结构总面积为36210平方米,有一个45米高的航班控制塔。

The Airport features a 45,000 sqm Passenger Terminal Building, a 3,600 m. long Runway and Taxiway, alongside 40 Aprons, allowing for domestic and international traffic. The two Support Structures to the north and south of the Terminal measure a combined 36,210 sqm with a 45 m. high Air Control Tower.

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建筑师使用了一种最符合方案的独特建筑语言,这种建筑语言受到未来主义和世界航空学的影响,以及那看似永恒的自然沙漠环境的影响。IAA决定任命建筑师为设计经理,负责预算、工程和计划进度,允许建筑师把控每一个地方,从整个建筑体的到每一个登机口,都由建筑师全权负责。这样的管理使得机场有着非常整体的设计。

The architects developed a unique and minimal design language influenced by the futuristic world of aviation and its seemingly timeless natural desert surrounding. The decision of the IAA to appoint the architects as design managers responsible for budget, program, and planning schedule, allowed for the architects to implement the design across the entire airport - from the various buildings to each individual check-in counter, unifying the airport under one unique holistic design.

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客运大楼的最初设计灵感来自于以色列国家Tinna公园中的蘑菇形岩层。

就像岩石是被风和水的“自然运动”所塑造的一样,航站楼的不透明的积也是被乘客流线的“自然运动”所塑造的。玻璃幕墙的天井把广袤的沙漠景观引入建筑里。玻璃幕墙就像一口光井一样,使自然光进入航站楼的最深处,,因为在这种气候下人们是不可能使用普通的天窗的。

The mushroom-like rock formations found in Israel's National Timna Park served as inspiration for the initial geometry of the Passenger Terminal Building as a self-shading volume. Just as the rocks are shaped by the "natural movements" of wind and water, the Terminal's opaque volume was carved by the "natural movements" of the passenger traffic. Glass curtain walls were inserted, surrounding patios that introduce the natural desert landscaping into the building. These serve as light wells allowing natural light into the depths of the Terminal, instead of the commonly used skylights, impossible within such climate conditions.

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航站楼的外壳是由钢筋和混凝土组成的,用绝缘铝三角板包裹,从墙壁到屋顶连续形成一个整体。对于室内空间来说,建筑的体积被掏空,表皮嵌在对比鲜明的竹木中,天花板和墙壁形成一个连续的空间。

The Terminal's envelope consists of a steel and concrete skeleton structure, cladded to the exterior with insulating aluminum triangular panels, continuous from wall to roof that create one single mass. Towards the interior, the building's volume is hollowed out and the envelope is cladded in a contrasting bamboo-wood, uniting the ceiling and walls over one continuous space.

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航站楼的室内有着极简风格设计,大厅中高高的天花板与低矮家具和亭子高低有致。整个基础设施都藏在低层。这使得人们如果从飞机窗口看会看到作为第五立面的屋顶没有任何技术装备。所以对于乘客来说,他们只会感觉到所有程序都可以在一个平面有条不紊地进行。

The Terminal building's minimalist interior scheme is based on a tightly organized high-ceilinged hall with low-level furniture and pavilions acting as dividers. Its entire infrastructure is hidden on a lower level. This allows for the roof to be free of any technical equipment as a fifth façade viewed from the airplane window, and for all passenger processes to be efficiently on one single level.

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机场的景观设计灵感来自于现存的河流三角洲,它是山洪进入荒漠谷形成的。所以,停车场的小路和景观都按照河流自然形状规划。另外,施工期间,当地树木的种子被收割和保护起来,并且最终回到了最初的场地,作为荒漠植被存在于机场景观设计里。

The landscape design development drew inspiration from the existing river delta fan created by the mountain flooding into the desert valley. Thus, the delicately winding paths of the parking lot and the landscape development follow the shape of the natural spill from the streams. In addition, local plant seeds were harvested and preserved at the site, grown and incubated in greenhouses during the years of construction, and finally returned to their original location, to serve as the desert vegetation lining the airport's landscape.

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建筑设计:Amir Mann-Ami Shinar Architects, Moshe Zur Architects
地点:以色列提姆纳
类型:飞机场
建筑/设计和规划管理:Amir Mann-Ami Shinar Architects and Planners, in partnership with Moshe Zur Architects
设计团队:(Mann Shinar) Barak Levy, Ofir Zak, Eitan Aviram, Martin Neiman, Neta Sverdlov, Efrat Hakerem, Ohad Gilo, Michal Weinshtock, Oded Narkis, Hadar Rothschild Antman, Tomme Omer, Kfir Galatia Azulay (Moshe Zur) Tal Goldenberg, Uri Shakory, Jonathan Cohen, Keren Joseph, Daniel Kaszab, Rami Hod, Stas Yaakovsky, Avi Matyas, Erez Shani, Hilki Amrani, Dan Perry
面积:92000.0平方米
项目年份:2019年
摄影:Hufton + Crow
制造商:Vitra
客户:以色列机场管理局(IAA)Yaacov Ganot,指导经理Rafi Elbaz,工程与规划部副总干事
设计经理:Amir Mann
合伙建筑设计负责人:Amir Mann, Moshe Zur, Ami Shinar, Orna Zur, Noam Zevulun, Ori Gat, Shemaya Serfaty, Asaf Mann
项目总监:Noam Zevulun
首席建筑师:Asaf Mann, Liran Benami, Shemaya Serfaty
结构工程师:Yacob Tirosh, Slavik Chokler, Kobi Ezra, Yair Shmueli
家具设计:Maya Mann,Ori Cohen
景观设计:TeMA  - 城市景观设计
规划管理:Groisman Engineering LTD. Construction Management
施工管理:Gadish-Baran合作方
施工经理:Eng. Ron Havatzelet
航空顾问:Arup伦敦与Amir Mann-Ami Shinar建筑师和规划师
行李处理:Case Technologies工程和咨询
结构工程:Ben Avraham S.工程有限公司
卫生规划:Sanit Consulting Engineers LTD.
空调:HRVAC咨询工程有限公司
排水工程:Lavi  -  Natif Consulting Engineers LTD.
电力:D. Bar-Akiva咨询工程师有限公司
消防安全:S. Netantel Engineers&Consultants LTD.
通信和远程处理:Dong Systems LTD.
道路和跑道:Peter Leibovich Engineers LTD.
环境工程:Assa Aharoni咨询工程有限公司
电梯:Eng. S. Lustig - 咨询工程有限公司。
灯光:Lighting Design Collective LTD.
结构保护:K.A.M.N Structural Protection Company LTD.
交通工程:Dagesh Engineering Traffic & Road Design LTD.
施工安全:Sdema Group LTD.
投标和评估:Gimzu Nihulit LTD.
密封工程:Bitelman Architects LTD.
标牌:Misholy Lash Designers
铝结构工程:Landman Aluminum LTD.
连接和导航系统:Peleg – Advanced Travel Solutions
厨房和餐饮:Dror Food Service Consultant LTD.
场地面积:505.4公顷

Architects: Amir Mann-Ami Shinar Architects and Planners, Moshe Zur Architects
Location: Timna, Israel
Category: Airport
Architects / Design and Planning Management: Amir Mann-Ami Shinar Architects and Planners, in partnership with Moshe Zur Architects
Design Team: (Mann Shinar) Barak Levy, Ofir Zak, Eitan Aviram, Martin Neiman, Neta Sverdlov, Efrat Hakerem, Ohad Gilo, Michal Weinshtock, Oded Narkis, Hadar Rothschild Antman, Tomme Omer, Kfir Galatia Azulay (Moshe Zur) Tal Goldenberg, Uri Shakory, Jonathan Cohen, Keren Joseph, Daniel Kaszab, Rami Hod, Stas Yaakovsky, Avi Matyas, Erez Shani, Hilki Amrani, Dan Perry
Area: 92000.0 m2
Project Year: 2019
Photographs: Hufton + Crow
Manufacturers: Vitra
Client: Israel Airports Authority (IAA) Yaacov Ganot, Directing Manager Rafi Elbaz, Deputy Director General of Engineering & Planning Division
Design Manager: Amir Mann
Partner Architects in Charge: Amir Mann, Moshe Zur, Ami Shinar, Orna Zur, Noam Zevulun, Ori Gat, Shemaya Serfaty, Asaf Mann
Project Director: Noam Zevulun
Design Leaders: Asaf Mann, Liran Benami, Shemaya Serfaty
Project Architects: Yacob Tirosh, Slavik Chokler, Kobi Ezra, Yair Shmueli
Furniture Design: Maya Mann, Ori Cohen
Landscape architect: TeMA - urban landscape design
Planning Management: Groisman Engineering LTD. Construction Management
Construction Management: Gadish-Baran Partnership
Construction Manager: Eng. Ron Havatzelet
Aviation Consultant: Arup London with Amir Mann-Ami Shinar Architects and Planners
Baggage Handling: Case Technologies engineering and consulting
Structural engineering: Ben Avraham S. Engineering LTD.
Sanitary Planning: Sanit Consulting Engineers LTD.
Air Conditioning: HRVAC Consulting Engineering Co. LTD.
Water, Sewage, Hydrology & Drainage Engineering: Lavi - Natif Consulting Engineers LTD.
Electricity: D. Bar-Akiva Consulting Engineers LTD.
Fire Safety: S. Netantel Engineers & Consultants LTD.
Communication and teleprocessing: Dong Systems LTD.
Roads and Runways: Peter Leibovich Engineers LTD.
Environmental engineering: Assa Aharoni Consulting Engineering LTD.
Elevators: Eng. S. Lustig - Consulting Engineers LTD.
Lighting: Lighting Design Collective LTD
Structural protection: K.A.M.N Structural Protection Company LTD.
Traffic Engineering: Dagesh Engineering Traffic & Road Design LTD.
Security: Sdema Group LTD.
Bids and Assesment: Gimzu Nihulit LTD.
Sealing: Bitelman Architects LTD.
Signage: Misholy Lash Designers
Aluminum Construction: Landman Aluminum LTD.
Connection and Navigation systems: Peleg – Advanced Travel Solutions
Kitchens and Catering: Dror Food Service Consultant LTD.
Site Area: 505.4 ha

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