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地震之后的那一抹温暖的红色第1张图片


伊斯坦布尔震后住房原型
SO? builds prototype floating house for post-earthquake Istanbul

由专筑网李韧,吴静雅编译

SO?建筑事务所在伊斯坦布尔金角湾设计建造了一座浮动型住宅,在地震之后,这座住宅土耳其首都发生地震后可以用做应急住房。

这座建筑名为“Fold and Float”,旨在为地震后最多六人提供紧急住宿,它作为2018年伊斯坦布尔设计双年展的一部分而创建的。

SO?建筑事务所由Sevince Bayrak与Oral Goktas创办,为了应对伊斯坦布尔较为缺乏的应急空间的需求,设计建造了这座建筑。

Architecture studio SO? has created a prototype floating house on Istanbul's Golden Horn, which could be used as emergency housing following an earthquake in the Turkish capital.
The prototype, named Fold and Float, is designed to be emergency accommodation for up to six people following an earthquake. It was created as part of the Istanbul Design Biennial 2018.
Sevince Bayrak and Oral Goktas, the founders of SO?, designed and built the prototype in response to the diminishing amounts of space available for emergency accommodation in Istanbul.

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建筑师解释说,1999年发生了7.4级地震,这导致超过14000人死亡,在此之后,城市477个开放空间成为了人们的聚集地点。

但是,建筑师认为,其中大部分的空间都得以开发,目前只剩下97座指定的空间。

建筑师说:“由于陆地上已经没有多余的空间了,那么我们就构思了这座漂浮建筑。”

The studio explains that 477 open spaces in the city were designated as assembly points following a 7.4 magnitude earthquake in 1999 that killed more than 14,000 people in Turkey.
However the majority of these spaces have now been developed, according to the studio, with only 97 designated spaces remaining.
"With not enough space allocated on land, the idea of a floating structure was born," said the architects.

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建筑由混凝土浮船建造而成,其中有着折叠体系,可以用于空间的遮蔽以及家具的固定。

其上部结构可以折叠,便于存放。其设计方式也便于组装,不需要特定的工人来构建。

The prototype consists of a floating pontoon made of concrete with a foldable structure that acts as the shelter and contains fixed furniture.
The upper structure is foldable so that it can be collapsed and stacked. It is designed to be easily to assemble and does not require skilled workers to construct.

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三角形结构在底层设有起居空间,包括一个小型厨房和休息区,上部抬高的平台是睡眠区。

建筑的每一侧都有通高的开放式门,光与空气能够进入内部。

The triangular-shaped structure has living spaces on the ground floor, including a small kitchen and seating area, with sleeping areas on a raised platform above.
Each end of the house has full-height, fully openable doors, to let light and air into the structure.

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这座建筑建造于伊斯坦布尔的金角湾,这里是双年展的举办地,靠近加拉塔地区博斯普鲁斯海峡的保护区入口。

“金角湾能够抵御海啸,并提供了具有战略意义航海通道,当面临道路封锁时,这里能够运输粮食与救援物资。”

The prototype was built on Istanbul's Golden Horn, a protected inlet off the Bosphorus near the area of Galata where the biennial is held.
"The Golden Horn is naturally protected against tsunami and provides strategic seaway access, which, when faced with blocked roads, provides an important route in for food and aid."

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建筑师曾经进行过研究,那些因地震而无家可归的人群一般会在地震之后住在应急住房之中,这也许长达一年。

SO?建筑事务所的建筑师们就开始构思,地震发生之后,这些漂浮的建筑就能够有序地排列而形成临时的社区。经过计算,海面上大约能够放置18万座临时建筑。

摄影:Kayhan Kaygusuz

According to the studio's research, those displaced by earthquakes typically spend one year in temporary accommodation after the event.
SO? envision the floating structures deployed in rows on the Golden Horn to form temporary communities if a major earthquake occurs. In total the studio calculated that up to 180,000 structures could be placed on the waterway.
Photography is by Kayhan Kaygusuz.

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项目信息:

项目团队:Sevince Bayrak, Oral Göktaş, Elif Çivici, Derya Ertan, Gülce Yuyar, Selcen Fidan and Selin Çubukçuoğlu
海岸工程顾问:Emre Otay, Boğaziçi University Coastal Engineering Lab

Project credits:
Project team: Sevince Bayrak, Oral Göktaş, Elif Çivici, Derya Ertan, Gülce Yuyar, Selcen Fidan and Selin Çubukçuoğlu
Coastal engineering consultant: Emre Otay, Boğaziçi University Coastal Engineering Lab

       
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