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新与旧的结合是开启另一个空间的大门第1张图片


墨西哥白色瑜伽工作室
White yoga studio "delicately shelters" Jorge Ramírez's weathered Ceiba House in Mexico

由专筑网李韧,蒋晖编译

建筑师Jorge Ramírez在墨西哥Aguascalientes的住宅中保留了一棵古老的果树、一面泥墙,以及装饰拱门。这座建筑建造于上世纪30年代,后来在其中扩建了一间白色瑜伽工作室。

Architect Jorge Ramírez has preserved an old fruit tree, tired mud walls, and decorative archways in his family's 1930s home in Aguascalientes, Mexico, and then added a white yoga studio on top.

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Ramírez是一位多学科艺术家,他将墨西哥城市中心小而古老的住宅进行了改造,原有建筑建造于上世纪30年代,只有1层,并且有着新殖民主义建筑特征,这也是17世纪殖民风格的复兴。

Ramírez, who is also a multidisciplinary artist, transformed the "small and old" residence in the central Mexican city. Completed in the 1930s, the original one-storey property is an example of neocolonial architecture – a revival of the 17th-century colonial style.

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Ramírez已经在这座老建筑中生活了10年,他决定将原有单层建筑中的细部保存下来,例如风化泥土砖石墙体,以及一些抹漆的砖石砌体。

建筑师将一个白色体量放置在原有建筑的顶部,他和妻子会在这里练习瑜伽。Ramírez 告诉Dezeen的记者,这样的做法就类似于古人在城市中建造金字塔。

Having already lived there for 10 years, Ramírez aimed to keep the existing details of the one-storey-high family home in tact, such as weathered mud-brick walls, and crumbling render and brickwork.
The extension is a distinct white volume placed over the top, to create a yoga studio for himself and his wife to practice. The layering of structures is similar to how the Aztecs built their ancient pyramids in the city, Ramírez told Dezeen.

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他说:“不仅是金字塔,这座新建筑同样建造于原有建筑之上——保留内部空间,为这座新殖民主义建筑增添了特殊的外立面。”

Ramírez补充说:“扩建项目掩盖了原有建筑的形式、元素、材料,每个施工阶段的工序都十分明确。”

"As well as the ancient pyramids, where the new structure was built over the previous one, leaving it drowned inside, a respectful envelope for the neocolonial house was designed," he said.
"The expansion delicately shelters and exhibits the original forms, elements and materials," Ramírez added. "Each one of the constructive stages is clearly established."

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白色体块和基座上砖石部分环绕于建筑的前侧。地面层设置有两个窗户,为孩子们的卧室带来自然采光,而工作室的采光则来源于细长的窗户和小开口。

在扩建工程中,建筑师在住宅的前侧设置了小院落,使街道上的人们能够看到这棵大树,这成为了这座建筑的标记。

The white-rendered addition envelopes the front of the residence with brickwork left exposed on the base. It has two windows on the ground floor that offer light into twin bedrooms for the architect's children, while a slender protruding window and a tiny opening illuminate the studio.
In the extension, a small yard is located at the front of the residence. A ceiba tree that grows here is visible from the street, and gives the house its name.

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粗糙的石头螺旋楼梯从大树的一侧盘旋而上,来到上部空间。大玻璃门连接着瑜伽室和露台,这里设置有碎石地面和小型游泳池。厚重的土坯墙体成为了空间的背景。

A rough stone spiral staircase twists up beside the tree to lead to the new upper space. Large glass doors open from the yoga studio onto a terrace, which features gravel flooring and a small pool. Thick adobe walls – a mud-based construction – provide the backdrop.

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使用者可以从前侧小型露天空间进入Ceiba住宅的其他部分。原有的前侧大门将这里和原有的走廊连接在一起,并通向第二座院落。全新的玻璃幕墙环绕着这片区域,并且结合有大型植物和水箱,在其中,Ramírez应用了古代伊斯兰水池的意向。

The rest of Ceiba House is accessed from the small open-air space at the front. The original front door leads from here into the original hallway, and then onto a second courtyard. New glass walls enclose this area, which is completed with a large beaucarnea plant and an exposed water tank, which Ramírez added as a reference to ancient Islamic cisterns.

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大面积玻璃幕墙与诸如三点拱门等现有装饰形成对比。玻璃墙可以滑动打开,使用者可以进入到内部的厨房和餐厅。

长条形走廊贯穿厨房,使用者会从这里去往第三座大型院落,其中有着古老且有裂缝的墙体,还有一棵生长于圆形砖石花盆之中的大型植物。

Large glass walls contrast the existing decor, like the painted three-pointed archway, and slide open onto the kitchen and dining room inside.
A slender hallway leads past the kitchen to the third, larger courtyard, featuring peeling and cracked rendered walls, and a huge sapote fruit tree that rises from a circular brickwork plant pot.

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由BAG Arquitectura事务所设计的一座住宅之中,大树成为了焦点,而在Aguascalientes的这个项目中亦是如此。

在Ceiba住宅之中,Ramírez工作室前侧的大型玻璃窗之前同样种植了一棵树。

Similarly, a mesquite tree serves as focal point for a home by designed by BAG Arquitectura, and also in Aguascalientes.
In Ceiba House, the tree is set in front of a big window fronting Ramírez's studio.

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在地面层的其他部分设置有主卧室和起居室,设置在现有建筑的一侧。而在前侧扩建部分的下部楼层则是双人卧室。

在室内,充满暖意的深色木材、明亮的抹漆、绿色植物共同让原本陈旧的空间丰富起来。

Other accommodation on the ground floor includes the master bedroom suite and a living room, which are arranged to run along one side of the existing building. Twin bedrooms occupy the lower level of the new portion at the front.
To finish the interiors, a rich palette of warm, dark woods, bright paint, and plenty of greenery offsets the worn-out details.

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Ramrez认为该项目是路易斯·康作品的简化版本。

他说:“Ceiba住宅与大多数建筑师设计的正式的、夸张的方案不同,这座建筑外观简单,内部精致,结合了多种植被与个人空间,这让人们忘记路易斯·康曾经所说的那些词汇,即美学、灵感、魔幻、迷恋、迷人、寂静、静默、亲密,以及惊喜。”

Ramírez likens the simplicity of the project to the work of celebrated Mexican architect Luis Barragán.
"Ceiba House keeps away from the great formal pretensions and exaggerations to which most architects are given, its simple facade and a refined interior design full of symbolism, vegetation and intimate spaces, bring back at times those words that Luis Barragán warned were being forgotten by the architects: beauty, inspiration, magic, spellbound, enchantment, serenity, silence, intimacy and amazement," he said.

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近年来,墨西哥建筑发展迅猛,有许多优秀住宅项目,例如由混凝土砌块建造而成的住宅,另外还有着结合了游泳池的住宅。

摄影:Paulina Ojeda

Mexico's architecture went from strength to strength this year, as featured in our review of 2018. Standout residential projects included a house made of board-marked concrete blocks and a property featuring a secluded swimming pool.
Photography is by Paulina Ojeda.

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