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AT&T大楼翻修新提案,这次能否通过?第1张图片


Snøhetta updates proposal for Philip Johnson's AT&T Building

由专筑网吴静雅,王帅编译

Snøhetta 透露了一份关于菲利浦·约翰逊设计的AT&T大楼的改造更新方案,之前的更新方案在遭到强烈反对,这座后现代风格的塔楼获得了地标性的地位。

今年早些时候,约翰逊的后现代的AT&T大楼被授予了地标性的地位,Snøhetta 为曼哈顿中城这座摩天大楼制定的有争议的修缮计划不得不被搁置。

AT&T大楼作为地标建筑,Snøhetta建筑公司一直在努力修改这项计划,以便得到纽约地标保护委员会(LPC)的批准。

最新的设计方案于2018年12月4日揭晓,该方案取消了原先的大面积玻璃代替部分砖石建筑的方案,由此引发了建筑界的强烈抗议,从根本上来讲,这些方案的目的是“保护和振兴”约翰逊的现有设计。

Snøhetta has revealed an updated proposal for the overhaul of Philip Johnson's AT&T Building, after a major backlash against its initial scheme resulted in the postmodern tower gaining landmark status.
Johnson's postmodern AT&T Building was awarded landmark status earlier this year, sending Snøhetta's controversial renovation plans for the Midtown Manhattan skyscraper back to the drawing board.
Since the landmarking, the architecture firm has worked on revising the scheme to meet approval from New York's Landmarks Preservation Commission (LPC).
Revealed 4 December 2018, the updated design scraps the original proposal to replace part of the masonry building with large expanses of glass, which triggered the outcry in the architecture industry, and instead aims to "preserve and revitalise" Johnson's existing design.

AT&T大楼翻修新提案,这次能否通过?第2张图片

Image courtesy of LMNB and Snøhetta

2018年11月29日,Snøhetta 的联合创始人 Craig Dykers 在设计展示会上告诉记者们:“我们只会对建筑做出小范围的修整,并不会改变山形建筑的标志性特征,每个人都熟悉的山形建筑的山形墙也不会改变。”

他补充说:“我们认为,这将具有变革性,不会触及那些认为我们需要尊重的重要人物的利益。”

现在,Snøhetta 提议对现有的砖砌结构进行修复和翻新,并提供了一种更为微妙的方式来处理砖石结构的麦迪逊大道(Madison Avenue)正面,以及用网格状玻璃材料填充建筑中央主要的拱形开口。

自上世纪90年代Gwathmey Siegel Kaufman对这座建筑进行改造以来,建筑正面的6个60英尺(18米)高的开口将被剥去黑色的玻璃。

"We're leaving the bulk of the building alone," Snøhetta co-founder Craig Dykers told a group of journalists during a presentation of the design on 29 November 2018. "We're not changing the iconic identity, and the pediment that everyone is familiar with will stay the same."
"We think it will be transformative without stepping on the toes of the people who think there are important components we need to respect," he added.
Snøhetta has now proposed restoring and sprucing up the existing brickwork, and offered a more subtle approach towards the masonry Madison Avenue facade, and the gridded glasswork that fills the main arched opening at the centre of the building.
The six 60-foot-high (18-metre-high) openings running along the front will be stripped of the black-painted glass, which has filled the openings since Gwathmey Siegel Kaufman made updates to the building in the 1990s.

AT&T大楼翻修新提案,这次能否通过?第3张图片

Image courtesy of Moare and Snøhetta

对于约翰逊最初这些开放性设计,Snøhetta将填补开口与细长的竖框,使他们尽可能透明。而地面区域的改造为沿较短的一面延伸的外墙,以满足街道的水平。

Snøhetta 的项目涉及更新空的零售层和在647英尺(197米)的办公空间-以前也被称为索尼塔,但现在命名为麦迪逊550。

为了容纳职业种类的增长,从以前的800种增加到3000种,多租户大楼中现有的电梯将被更大的电梯取代。这些将被旋转,以便在建筑物后部的露台创造出一个窗口,从而可以从街上看到。

Snøhetta 计划将这个玻璃中庭改造成一个大型新花园,并将其宣传为“中城区最大的户外空间”。对公众免费,以缓解附近小花园的拥挤。

Dykers希望新功能能在 LPC审议期间改变舆论,他说:“我们确实努力创造了一座与众不同的公共空间。”

As Johnson originally designed these to be open, Snøhetta would fill the openings with slender mullions to make them as transparent as possible. Other amends to the ground-level areas, which will be occupied by shops, include pushing out the external wall that runs down the shorter sides to meet street level.
Snøhetta's project involves updating the empty retail level and the office spaces in the 647-foot (197-metre) tower – also previously known as the Sony Tower, but now named 550 Madison.
In order to accommodate the growth of occupation – expected to rise from 800 to 3,000 – existing elevators in the multi-tenant building would be replaced with larger ones. These would be rotated to create a window to the patio at the rear of the building, so that it can be viewed from the street.
This intervention forms part of Snøhetta's plans to turn this glazed atrium into a large new garden, which it bills as the "biggest outdoor space in Midtown" that would be free for the public, complementing the nearby small Paley Park.
"We really pushed hard to make a public space that is unlike any other space in the city," said Dykers, who hopes the new feature will help swing opinion during the LPC review.

AT&T大楼翻修新提案,这次能否通过?第4张图片

Image courtesy of Moare and Snøhetta

为了达到这一目的,该公司计划拆除使用曲面玻璃外壳覆盖的空间和附属建筑,从而创造出更多的空间。 明年还会增加一座新的白色钢盖,其形状呈“机翼”状。

露台的另一端将设置一系列的区域,以地板上的图案为标志,而Snøhetta事务所设计的这些图案旨在再现约翰逊设计中经常出现的圆圈图案。

在这些不同的地区中,安装着冬天取暖的壁炉,“客厅”和“水墙”用来控制空间中的声学。座位也会设置成部分固定,部分可移动。

包括42棵新树木在内的植被将覆盖停车场入口和卡车码头的空间,从而形成沿后墙的缓冲区。人们希望这里能成为附近中央公园及周边野生动物的栖息地。

对这座34层大楼的其他改进还包括增强其环境因素,以满足 LEED 的认证。

约翰逊和合伙人约翰·伯奇(John Burgee)于1984年为美国通信巨头AT&T在麦迪逊大街550号设计了这座大厦,该建筑以其红色砖砌结构和“齐本德尔”(Chippendale)式的屋顶而闻名。它被认为是第一座有争议的后现代风格的摩天大楼,其出现在20世纪70年代后期作为对现代主义乌托邦理想的意识形态反应,并经常分裂的意见。

To achieve this move, the firm plans to rip out the curved glass shell currently covering the space and annex buildings to create more room. A new white steel cover would be added in, featuring an "airplane wing-link shape" that parts in two just off-centre.
A series of areas would be located across the patio, marked by patterns on the flooring, which Snøhetta designed to draw on the circle motif often found in Johnson's designs.
Among these different areas are a hearth, which will be heated in the winter, a "living room", and a "water wall" to control the acoustics in the space. Seating would also vary, with some fixed and others movable.
Vegetation, including 42 new trees, would fill the space covering over the car park entrance and truck dock, to form a buffer along the rear wall. It is hoped that this will form a welcome habitat for wildlife living in and around the nearby Central Park.
Other updates to the 34-storey tower would include bolstering its environmental factors to meet LEED certification.
Johnson and partner John Burgee completed 550 Madison in 1984 for American communications giant AT&T, and the building is recognisable for its reddish brickwork and "Chippendale" roof line. It is regarded as the first skyscraper in the controversial postmodern style, which emerged in the late 1970s as an ideological reaction against the utopian ideals of modernism, and often splits opinion.

AT&T大楼翻修新提案,这次能否通过?第5张图片

在今年早些时候,这座大厦获得具有里程碑意义的地位后,Snøhetta取消了原始提案,同时修改了该计划/Snøhetta revised the scheme after the original proposal was nixed when the postmodern tower gained landmark status earlier this year

Dykers承认,自从去年第一份提案公布后,Snøhetta事务所面临的主要阻力并没有让他感到惊讶。建筑师 Norman Foster,Robert A M Stern, critics including Olly Wainwright, Alice Rawsthorn, Alan G Brake和Alexandra Lange公开抗议。

Dykers说:“这是一个反复无常的设计Philip Johnson的作品总是反复无常。”

他补充说:“我们知道这会发生,我们对此并不担心。”

福斯特去年对 Dezeen 说,虽然他不是特别喜欢“卡通化”的后现代主义,但是它的一些建筑值得保留,Dykers也同意这种观点。

他说:“我总是说,仅仅因为你有一个美学方向,这并不意味着你不翻修这座建筑,在这个时代,建筑师需要尊重事物,即使他们并不总是在审美上与事物保持一致。”

“你不应该只是拆掉建筑物,因为它不是现在的风格,所以找到最好的方式来改善它。”

图片由 LMNB 和 Snøhetta 提供。

Dykers admits that he wasn't surprised by the major backlash Snøhetta faced following the unveiling of the first proposal last year. The outcry included protests and the move to landmark the building, which was publicly backed by architects Norman Foster and Robert A M Stern, and critics including Olly Wainwright, Alice Rawsthorn, Alan G Brake and Alexandra Lange.
"It's a volatile design," said Dykers. "Philip Johnson's work was always volatile."
"We knew that was going to happen," he added. "We weren't afraid of that."
Speaking to Dezeen last year, Foster said said although he didn't particularly like "cartoonish" postmodernism, some of its buildings are worth saving – a sentiment that Dykers agrees with.
"I always say just because you have an aesthetic direction, that doesn't mean you shouldn't just tear down the building," he said. "In this time, architects need to respect things even if they don't always agree with them aesthetically."
"You shouldn't just be tearing down buildings because it's not the style now, so find the best way to improve it."
Featured image is courtesy of LMNB and Snøhetta.

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