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索诺拉沙漠的一系列生存构筑物/Aixopluc第1张图片


aixopluc develops a series of survival structures in the sonoran desert

由专筑网Yumi,刘庆新编译

最近Aixopluc与Frank Loyd Write建筑学院合作,完成了小地图的建设,这是在亚利桑那州的校园里建造的第一个庇护所。在只有十二个星期的时间内,而且在只有2000元的预算和材料在现场被使用的条件下,学生和设计人员开发和建造了一系列的庇护所。该项目把重点放在协作和生存上,利用团队动态为景观中较难设计的庇护所提出解决方案。团队利用本地仓库回收材料搭建了一系列结构。其设计始于生存原始的需求,为应对强烈的阳光、刺骨的寒风中和恶劣天气而提供的庇护场所。

Working in collaboration with the Frank Loyd Write School of Architecture, Aixopluc recently completed the construction of little maps, the first shelters built on the school’s campus in Arizona. With a timeframe of only twelve weeks, the students and designers developed and built a series of shelters with only a $2000 budget and materials that were found on site. The project put emphasis on collaboration and survival, utilizing a team dynamic to come up with solutions for habitation in a landscape that is designed to reject it. With the help of reclaimed materials from local warehouses the group erected a series of structures whose designs came from the primitive need to survive, offering refuge from the intense sun, cutting wind, and trying weather.



索诺拉沙漠的一系列生存构筑物/Aixopluc第2张图片

image © david tapias

该项目主要的居所由两个封闭的体量组成,间隙的庭院空间作为该方案的延伸,为聚会、放松和工作提供空间。一系列重复的框架组成的小型建筑。屋顶结构由波纹金属片组成,其作用是避免积水,为建筑形成一个保护伞,免受风雨雷电。屋顶被居住空间的天花板隔开,允许持续通风并将吸热的材料远离室内,进一步帮助冷却空间。框架之间的填充板包围空间,其中一些可操作,允许室内通风。该基础元素是大块当地岩石在适当位置铸造组成的。

The primary shelter consists of two enclosed volumes whose interstitial courtyard space serves as an extension of the program, providing a space for gathering, relaxing, and working. A series of repetitive frames comprise the small buildings. The roof structure consists of corrugated metal sheets that repel water and form a protective canopy from the elements. The roof is separated from the ceiling of the habitable space to allow for constant ventilation and keep the heated material away from the interior, further helping to cool the space. Infill panels between the frames enclose the space, some of which operable to allow for internal ventilation. The foundation elements were made from large local rocks cast in place.
   
索诺拉沙漠的一系列生存构筑物/Aixopluc第3张图片

image © david tapias

索诺拉沙漠的一系列生存构筑物/Aixopluc第4张图片

image © david tapias

索诺拉沙漠的一系列生存构筑物/Aixopluc第5张图片

image © nathan rist

索诺拉沙漠的一系列生存构筑物/Aixopluc第6张图片

image © david tapias


一个单独的构筑物作为一个大型聚集空间,用基本相同的使用在庇护所上的基础战略建立起来。在大约3英尺高的地方围挡土墙嵌入空间,部分在地下,同时拥有360度的风景。一个浅色的帆布覆盖在顶部,延伸部分为了提供阴凉,保持在水平面下舒适的光线处。一个小塔包含壁炉和烟囱,在中心开放。可以用火加热使它的热量聚集,并在晚上释放热量。

A separate structure serves as a larger gathering space, built with a base of the same foundation strategy utilized on the shelters. Enclosing retaining walls at approximately 3 feet high embed the space partially underground while allowing 360 degree views. Draped over the top, a light colored canvas stretches over to provide shade and maintain comfortable light levels underneath. A small tower contains the fireplace and chimney which opens onto the center. Its thermal mass can heat up with a fire and release heat throughout the night.
   
索诺拉沙漠的一系列生存构筑物/Aixopluc第7张图片

image © david tapias

索诺拉沙漠的一系列生存构筑物/Aixopluc第8张图片

image © david tapias

索诺拉沙漠的一系列生存构筑物/Aixopluc第9张图片

构筑物框架的建造/Construction of the structural frames. image © david tapias



出处:本文译自www.designboom.com/,转载请注明出处。

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