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蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第1张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

来自事务所的描述。蔚山Inbo天主教堂坐落于一个四面环山的小镇的中心。该建筑的一层是一个祭司室、教堂和一个办公室,而其他的服务设施则位于地下层。教堂的体量因功能而分开,与其所在的这个小规模的乡村小镇环境搭配地十分和谐。


From the architect. The Inbo Catholic Church is located in the centre of a small town surrounded by mountains. A priest’s room, the church, and an office are located in ground floor, and the service facilities are located underground. The segmented volumes of the church, separated by functions, are in harmony with the small scale of the rural town.

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第2张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

教堂陡峭屋顶与周围山脉也很是和谐,成为了村庄象征性的中心。两个体量之间宽敞的外部空间就像是村庄里宽敞的露天庭院一样,从任何地方都能进入到教堂里。这个设计富有空间趣味并且有种把楼梯、坡道与墙连在一起的感觉。教堂的体量虽然很小但是却很像一个小镇和贯穿其中的小巷。


The steep roof of the church harmonizes with surrounded mountains to become the symbolic center of the village. The spacious exterior between volumes is accessible from anywhere as a common open yard for the village. It provides spatial interest and a sense of continuity with stairs, ramps and walls. The church despite its small size resembles a small town and its alleyways.

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第3张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第4张图片
一层平面图


教堂

      高比例的教区、空间需求和有限的预算是决定建筑形式、空间布局和材料的关键点。考虑到楼梯的使用者是老年人,教堂部分比院子高了半层,而大厅、教室和厕所布置在下半层。外墙和教堂的屋顶是碎裂的混凝土结构,给人以粗糙岩石的感觉。


The church
A high proportion of parishioners, spatial demands and a limited budget were key elements to decide the form, composition of space and materials. Considering the usage of stairs by the elderly, the church is set half-level up from the yard, and the hall, the classroom, and toilets are set half-level down. Exterior walls and the roof of the church with chipped concrete finish give the impression of rough stone.

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第5张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

由于预算的原因,空间形式虽然简单却显示出适度的装饰和材料,但是这种看似不起眼的简易性依然像其他宗教建筑一样表达了永恒。在通过入口的一刹那,为了祷告而设计的神圣空间立刻在白色明亮空间里显现。教堂的空间布局符合早期的教堂建筑形式。唱诗班阁楼位置和入口的设计来源于哥特式教堂。


Simply formed spaces show moderate finishes and materials due to the low budget, but the humble simplicity has permanency as other religious constructions. Intention of making a sacred space for prayers is shown in the bright white space right through to the empty framed cross at the moment of entering. The spatial layout of the church conforms with the early church architecture. The position and access to the choir loft are derived from the construction of the Gothic Church.

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第6张图片
剖面图


其他建筑

     已有的祭司室被改造成了教堂的一间办公室,将教堂和小镇建筑和谐地连在一起。现存祭司室的维护在施工过程中饱受争议。我们决定在新建的混凝土结构里依然保留锈迹斑斑的钟楼,以此唤起陈旧感。老社区的部分木头楼板被加以挑选和再利用变成了新教堂告解室的墙壁。建筑的意义通过这种方式被体现出来,这个意义就是空间反应了这个地方的记忆和这里人们的故事。建筑不应该仅是拆除老建筑,为新建筑让路的过程。


The other buildings
The existing priest’s room is renovated as an office of the church, which links the new church and the village buildings harmoniously. The maintenance of the existing priest’s room was controversial during the construction process. It was decided to keep it with the existing rusty bell tower inside a new concrete structure to evoke the old. Parts of the wood flooring from the old community building were sorted and reused for the walls of the confessional of the new church. By this, the architect expresses his values that space should reflect the site’s memories and its people’s stories, and that architecture should not be a process of demolishing the old to make way for the new.

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第7张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

从祭司室可以很方便地进入教堂,其空间也是依据于功能而分布。二层的小庭院和阳台共同创造了一个开放空间,给神父创造了一片清净的环境,在这里可以暂时让他远离围观。首层平面还设计了一个厨房和客厅,二层平面设计了神父自己的空间和书房。


The priest’s room was positioned for easy access to the church, and the space was laid out for its practical use. A small yard and a balcony of the first floor together creates an open space for the priest away from onlookers. The space of the ground floor is planned as a kitchen and a sitting room, and the space of the first floor is planned as a priest’s own space and a study.

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第8张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

在当下,教会、巨大的天主教教堂和超现代的寺庙铺天盖地。而蔚山Inbo天主教堂的设计忠于其应有的功能。设计师对这个小教堂的真诚期望就是新老建筑可以和谐地共存,使其成为这个小镇的社区互动空间。


Today, Megachurches, enormous catholic churches, ultramodern Buddhist temples are rampant. The Inbo Catholic Church is designed to be faithful to its proper function. It is the architect’s sincere desire for this small church to be in harmony with the old and the new, and to become an interactive space for the community of the village.

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第9张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第10张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第11张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第12张图片
场地平面图

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第13张图片
二层平面图

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第14张图片
地下室平面图

蔚山Inbo天主教堂 / Archigroup MA第15张图片
© Yoon, Joonhwan

建筑设计:Archigroup MA
位置:韩国,蔚山
项目负责人:Yoo, Byungan
面积:424.0 平方米
时间:2013年
摄影:Yoon, Joonhwan
结构工程:Hi Structural Engineers
建造工程:Cheonyoung Construction, archigroup MA
机械工程:Mido Technology Office
电气工程:KukdongMunhwa Engineering Consultant
Architects: Archigroup MA
Location: Ulsan, South Korea
Architect In Charge: Yoo, Byungan
Area: 424.0 sqm
Year: 2013
Photographs: Yoon, Joonhwan
Structure Engineer: Hi Structural Engineers
Construction: Cheonyoung Construction, archigroup MA
Mechanical Engineer: Mido Technology Office
Electric Engineer: KukdongMunhwa Engineering Consultant

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。
编辑:刘荣蔚,刘庆新

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