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开罗海运集装箱房
Egyptian Architects Design Shipping Container Housing for Cairo

由专筑网飞鱼,李韧编译

阿联酋本土建筑师Mouaz Abouzaid、Bassel Omara 和 Ahmed Hammad为埃及开罗联名设计海运集装箱项目。该项目名为“Sheltainer”,面向低收入人群、学生和难民。设计聚焦于埃及人们的生活,围绕着单个房屋单元,其满足小家庭的所有需求。Sheltainer项目目的是提供一种灵活的解决方案,其中包括开放式空间、活动区及居住区。

UAE based architects Mouaz Abouzaid, Bassel Omara and Ahmed Hammad have designed a shipping container housing project for Cairo, Egypt. Dubbed ‘Sheltainer’, the project aims to address a need for low-income, student and refugee housing. The design focuses on Egyptian life around a single house unit with all the necessary needs for a small family. Sheltainer aims to offer a flexible solution with new open spaces, activities and homes

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建筑师期望为难民、流浪人群、学生以及低收入工作者们提供支持,使用标准的20英尺(约6.1米)的集装箱,亦或是10英尺(约3米)、以及40英尺(约12.2米)的板条箱来建造。个体住宅单元之间形成组团,构成8个家庭共同使用绿色庭院的小社区。居住单元能适应各种不同的环境,因为集装箱的特质是能够提供良好的隔离性和灵活性。团队最初的重点集中在叙利亚和南苏丹两座城市。叙利亚那里有超过一半的人口流离失所。南苏丹的难民人口在2016年下半年从85.41万人增长到140百万人。该团队已进一步采取计划,解决埃及的住房问题。

Sheltainer looks to support refugees, asylum seekers, students and people of low income jobs by using a standard 20ft container, as well as a smaller 10ft variety and larger 40ft crates for its structures. Individual house units are combined into a cluster that serves as a small neighborhood of 8 homes surrounding a green courtyard. Units can be adapted to different environments due to the container's ability to provide excellent insulation and flexibility. The team originally highlighted two countries to focus on: Syria, where more than half the population has been displaced, and South Sudan, where the refugee population swelled from 854,100 to more than 1.4 million during the second half of 2016. This year, the team has taken the scheme further to address housing problems in Egypt.

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“家不是一个地点,而是一种感受。人们联想到自己的家乡。在与家庭和朋友的环境中共同成长,让未来充满希望。但是由于饥饿、经济甚至是政治而被迫离开家园的人们,会产生的不安全感。”建筑师认为,“经计算,每分钟就有20个人流离失所,这就对于能够适应这些快速变化的稳定社区来说是一个挑战。”Sheltainer就如同非正式集市,能够满足居住小区的日常需求。

图片:Mouaz Abouzaid

“Home is not a place, it’s a feeling. People are connected to their homeland. Growing up in an environment with family and friends fuels people’s souls with a promising future. But being forced out [of homes] due to starvation, the economy, or even politics creates insecurity," the architects said. "Twenty people are newly displaced every minute, and that becomes a challenge to provide a stable community that can cope with these rapid changes.” Sheltainer looks at the informal market Souk Al Jumaa as it serves the daily needs of the residential community there.

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