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现代手法诠释爱沙尼亚传统建筑:看那隐藏在丛林中的避暑别墅第1张图片

三角屋顶将阳光引入爱沙尼亚海滨避暑别墅
Angular roofs funnel daylight into coastal summer house inspired by traditional Estonian buildings

由专筑网YX,lj编译

这个位于爱沙尼亚的避暑别墅,由木材建造而成,自然光透过木筑的三角屋顶进入室内。

This summer house in the Estonian village of Muraste comprises a cluster of timber volumes topped with faceted roofs and triangular roof lights that allow natural light to pour into the interiors.

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该小屋位于黑海岸边的一片树林中,由塔林附近的建筑工作室KUU Arhitektid设计。

建筑师们的设计概念来源于爱沙尼亚古老的木结构住宅。这种被称为koda的住宅,在爱沙尼亚已经建造使用了几千年。

The property is situated in a wooded area on the shore of the Black Sea and was designed by architecture studio KUU Arhitektid, which is based in nearby Tallinn.
The architects based the concept for the summer house on ancient timber dwellings called koda that have been constructed in Estonia for several millennia.

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“原始的koda原型仍然在使用,尽管它的基本功能已经改变了,”建筑师说。

“避暑别墅的设计概念是来自于这个传统建筑,但是形式和功能是现代化的。”

"The archetypal koda in its original form is still in use, even though its basic purpose has changed," said the studio.
"The concept of the summer house is based on this archetypal building, which has been modernised in form and function."

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KUU Arhitektid的建筑师将简单的木质结构重新诠释为一系列带有斜屋顶的建筑,因而室内空间更高,让人感到更宽敞。

建筑师们开发这个建筑系统最初是用于阿姆斯特丹举行的2012园艺博览会,有6个单元在爱沙尼亚馆中使用。

KUU Arhitektid reinterpreted the simple wooden structures as a series of pods with angular roofs that lend the interiors a spacious feel thanks to the resulting internal height.
The architects originally developed the building system for the Floriade 2012 horticulture expo in Amsterdam, where six of the units were connected to form the Estonia Pavilion.

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避暑别墅由三个单元组成,主要功能空间包括桑拿、客厅、厨房、卧室和卫生间。

其中两个大舱体为主要的生活空间,相互连接起来形成一个舒适和实用的住所,可以全年居住。

The summer house comprises three units accommodating the main functional spaces – a sauna, a living room and kitchen, and a bedroom and toilet.
The two larger pods containing the main living spaces are connected to form a comfortable and practical dwelling that can be occupied all year round.

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一层厚木板铺设在建筑周围,形成一系列嵌在建筑之间的室外空间,把起居室和桑拿房连在一起。

所有建筑单体都采用木架结构,落叶松木板构成墙和屋顶。桑拿房则用柏油处理成对比鲜明的黑色建筑。

A deck extending around the wooden volumes provides a series of usable outdoor spaces tucked in between the buildings and connects the living areas with a separate unit containing the sauna.
All of the units feature a timber-framed structure clad in boards of larch wood that extend across the walls and roofs. The sauna is treated with tar oil that gives it a contrasting black finish.

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厨房、餐桌和沙发的两侧都是大片的可滑动玻璃门,可以敞开面向室外露台。

别墅南北通透,北面的视线朝向波罗的海,南向则可以捕捉到最好的阳光。同时,卧室的一面墙也可以向室外露台敞开。

The volume accommodating the kitchen, dining table and sofa is flanked on two sides by large sliding glass doors that open onto the terrace.
The glazed surfaces are oriented to the north to frame a view towards the Baltic Sea, and to the south to capture the best of the available sunlight. A large opening in one wall of the bedroom also opens onto the external deck.

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每个室内空间都有一个不对称的拱形屋顶,拱形顶部是三角形的天窗。这些天窗使得阳光可以照射到白色的天花板和墙壁。

摄影:Tõnu Tunnel。

Each of the pods features an asymmetric vaulted roof that culminates in a triangular skylight. These openings allows daylight to wash across the white-painted ceilings and walls.
Photography is by Tõnu Tunnel.

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