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新旧建筑亦能异曲同工,传统与现代的对比和统一第1张图片

两座住宅与院落/Two Houses in Chigny, courtyard. © Joël Tettamanti

19世纪翻修住宅和新建住宅同时出现在瑞士的葡萄园里
19th century refurbished home and new addition come together in the vineyards of Switzerland

由专筑网饭否,李韧编译

当负责翻新19世纪的一组房屋时,客户要求瑞士建筑师Dieter Dietz设计一种“共享空间和个人生活空间共存”的建筑,让“朋友和他们的家人在这里都拥有各自的独立空间”。对此,Dietz认为可以通过将一座旧印刷屋进行改造,并且结合新建筑的设计,来完成这个项目。

When tasked with refurbishing a cluster of houses dating back from the 19th century, Swiss architect Dieter Dietz was asked by his clients for a design that "fostered the coexistence of shared and individual living spaces to provide an opportunity to live independently within a community of friends and their families." In response, Dietz proposed the refurbishment of a former press house (Pressoir) along with the design for a new house (Grange).

新旧建筑亦能异曲同工,传统与现代的对比和统一第2张图片

黄昏中的新屋/Two Houses in Chigny, Grange house at dawn. © Mikael Blomfelt

新旧建筑亦能异曲同工,传统与现代的对比和统一第3张图片

两座住宅与院落/Two Houses in Chigny, courtyard. © Joël Tettamanti

瑞士Chigny的一个葡萄园新建的农村建筑具有谷仓的特点。它的外壳完全由纳米膜覆盖的太阳能电池构成,为两座房屋提供能源,其建筑立面呼应了19世纪的屋顶桁架。通过裸露的钢结构,建筑师将传统的典型结构做了一些改变,将钢材包裹于建筑外部,然后在其下部添加木材层。

New construction to the rural site—a vineyard in Chigny, Switzerland—takes its characteristics from the barn-type. Its exoskeleton, built entirely of nano-film coated solar-cells that provide energy for both houses, is a reverberation of its 19th century neighbor's exposed roof truss. With an exterior of exposed steel, the typical structural order is reversed and the home, completed by a secondary structure made of timber.

新旧建筑亦能异曲同工,传统与现代的对比和统一第4张图片

Grange房子的顶层/Two Houses in Chigny, Grange house upper floor. © Joël Tettamanti

新旧建筑亦能异曲同工,传统与现代的对比和统一第5张图片

Grange房子的首层/Two Houses in Chigny, Grange house ground floor. © Joël Tettamanti

新旧建筑亦能异曲同工,传统与现代的对比和统一第6张图片

Pressoir房子的首层/Two Houses in Chigny, Pressoir house ground floor. © Joël Tettamanti


另一方面,在保留了原有的结构、墙壁和木构架的基础上,19世纪的印刷厂被完全翻新。明显老化的旧结构似乎在诉说着它的故事。为了使两座房子拥有统一感,建筑师运用了统一基调的材质面板,新的入口按照现有的比例,但白墙和木材的使用让两者之间具有一定的凝聚力。

On the other side, the 19th century press-house is fully refurbished, keeping its original structure, walls, and carpentry—now with visible signs of aging that tell its story—intact. To make the two homes feel unified, their construction principles rely on a basic palette of materials; new openings follow the proportions of existing ones, but the employment of white walls and timber create a cohesion between the two.

新旧建筑亦能异曲同工,传统与现代的对比和统一第7张图片

(左)Grange房子的顶层;(右)Pressoir房子顶层/Two Houses in Chigny, (left) Grange house upper floor, (right) Pressoir house upper floor. © Joël Tettamanti

新旧建筑亦能异曲同工,传统与现代的对比和统一第8张图片

Pressoir房子的首层/Two Houses in Chigny, Pressoir house ground floor. © Joël Tettamanti

两座房子都很好的满足了工作和生活的空间需要,为使用者提供很大的灵活性。大房间是建筑的中心,作为社交中心同时,也把两座房子联系在一起。通过虚空空间、门、窗帘和滑动板的设置,公共和私人领域被稀疏地划分出来,其余部分则留给使用者自由发挥。

“这些房子给生活提供了一个框架。就像一卷白纸那样等待着生活自我完善。使用者将会通过自己的方式来完成剩下的空间表达。”Dietz说。

Both homes are well suited as work-and-living spaces that provide a great deal of flexibility to its inhabitants. Layouts are centered around large rooms that can serve as a social hub and bring the two homes together as one common place. Public and private spheres are sparsely delineated through interstitial thresholds of voids, doors, curtains and sliding panels, leaving the rest up to the inhabitants.
"These houses offer a frame for living. Like a canvas drawn into space that awaits life to complete itself. Users will further define visual and spatial articulation” said Dietz.


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