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柱廊、锥形顶,古典元素同样能够现代表达第1张图片

NL Architects完成了比利时校园项目,教室周围环绕着柱廊
NL Architects completes Belgian school featuring low-lying rooms surrounded by a colonnade

由专筑网李韧,曹逸希编译

阿姆斯特丹建筑事务所NL Architects近期完成了一个校园项目,该项目位于比利时克诺克-海斯特,校园的教学和管理区域上方覆盖着锥形草皮屋顶,而这些区域环绕着中心多功能厅排布而成。

A pyramidal turfed roof tops one of several teaching and administrative spaces clustered around a multipurpose hall at this school in the Belgian city of Knokke-Heist by Amsterdam studio NL Architects.

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Scholencampus De Vonk由NL Architects建筑事务所设计,合并了位于佛兰德海滨城市的两所小学。

建筑由五个独立但相互连接的功能区组成,其中有幼儿园、小学、办公场所和包含多功能块的建筑,食堂和课后护理区域都从一个多功能体育中心划分出来。

The Scholencampus De Vonk was designed by NL Architects to accommodate the merger of two primary schools in the Flemish coastal city.
The building comprises five distinct but connected functional zones, with a primary school, nursery school, offices and a multipurpose block housing a refectory and after-school care all branching off from a central multifunctional sports hall.

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柱廊环绕着大部分建筑,形成室内外之间的过渡灰空间,孩子们从每个房间都可以直接来到花园和操场。

A colonnade that extends around most of the building provides a sheltered transitional space between indoors and outdoors, and each of the rooms has direct access to the surrounding gardens and playgrounds.

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学校中心的主要大厅是一个灵活的大空间,无论昼夜可以用于各种活动。

建筑师说:“这个大厅就像是一个广场,可以作为会议室,也可作为剧院,还可以用于庆典与仪式。这个大厅也像是一个枢纽空间,它连接了校园内的各项功能区域。”

The main hall at the heart of the school is intended as a flexible space that can be used throughout the day and sometimes into the evening for various purposes.
"The hall can perform as a square – a meeting place, a theatre, a room for ceremonies and festivals," said the architects. "The hall is a hub: it will form the connection between the different functions of the school."

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环绕着体育馆的柱廊有助于引导孩子们的流线,环形流线的设计方式让孩子们能够回到场地的中心区域。

多功能厅的墙体运用了深色木板,孩子们可以在这里玩耍或学习,而大开窗的设置也让孩子们具有良好的视野,建筑师还在室内的一侧设置了储物区域,主要用于更衣和物品暂存。

An arcade that extends around the sports hall helps to distribute children and visitors around the building. Circulation designed as a series of loops rather than dead-end corridors always leads people back to the central area.
A deep wooden wall lining the multipurpose hall incorporates cavities that can be used for playing or studying, as well as porthole windows providing views into the hall. One side is also built out to accommodate changing rooms and storage.

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中央大厅的层高比周围空间要高一些,因此开有天窗的金属屋顶在夜间远远望去就如同灯笼般闪烁。

大厅周围的外围区域直接建造于地基上,降低了整体的高度,从而营造了更加温和的校园形象。

The main hall required greater height than the surrounding spaces, so a band of clerestory windows topped with a metal roof projects upwards like a lantern above the rest of the building.
The outer zones arranged around the hall are placed on foundations sunk into the ground to reduce the overall height and create a more modest, inviting impression for the school.

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建筑师降低了一层的地面标高,但开窗的位置却不变,这样室内便多出了一些空间可以用于存储与工作。

三级台阶将教室与平台相连,孩子们通过双扇门可以直接来到周围的柱廊与花园空间。

Lowering the floor level results in a window sill at the level of the ground outside, which can be used as an additional table surface for working, playing, storage or display.
Three steps connect the classrooms with this ledge and double doors that open onto the surrounding colonnade and gardens.

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各个功能用房距离中央大厅还有一定的距离,这些空间便形成了多功能的室外活动场所,例如公园、操场、厨房花园、运动场以及校园广场。

Due to the positioning of the various rooms off the central hall, the gaps between them create outdoor spaces that can be used for varying functions, including a park, playground, kitchen garden, sports pitch and public square.

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在建筑的一端有一个幼儿园,位于其中央走廊的一侧设置有一个小空间,该空间主要用于连接教室和泡泡形操场。

建筑中最大的体量是一所小学,一系列教室环绕着内部庭院组合而成,环形空间里设置有木质储藏室,孩子们可以通过窗户看到内部的教室。

A nursery school at one end of the building contains rooms arranged along either side of a wide central corridor that functions as an extension of the classrooms and connects with a bubble-shaped playground.
The largest of the outer blocks contains a primary school comprising a series of classrooms positioned around an enclosed courtyard. The circulation space is lined with wooden storage and windows looking into the classrooms.

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中央区域包含有一些储藏区域和厕所,其外缘设置有雕刻壁龛,这些壁龛让周边的走廊具有了功能性。

在该区域的一侧设置有可用于观赏的楼梯,孩子们可以通过这个楼梯通向计算机实验室,这个实验室位于屋顶的下方,顶部设有天窗。

A central structure containing further storage areas and toilets has niches carved into its outer edges that transform parts of the surrounding corridors into potential workspaces.
A set of stairs on one side can be used as a presentation space. The stairs lead up to a computer lab housed beneath a pyramidal roof with a skylight at its apex.

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建筑帐篷状的屋顶上覆盖有一层植物,促进了当地生物多样性,也形成了建筑的自然外观,让建筑具有独特的生态氛围。

学校在设计上满足最高环保标准,建筑的锥形屋顶有助于室内空间的保温,而柱廊上方的屋顶则有效地为下方空间减少了不必要的太阳辐射。

The tent-like roof is covered with a layer of planting to encourage biodiversity and lend the structure a natural appearance that emphasises the building's ecological credentials.
The school was required to meet the highest standards of environmental efficiency. To this end, the pyramidal roof helps to extract warmed air and the roof of the colonnade protects the glazed external walls from unwanted solar gain.

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混凝土天花板也具有保温隔热的功能,有效地减少人工温度调节器的使用。

NL Architects 建筑事务所和XVW Architectuur 建筑事务所获得了今年的密斯·凡·德·罗奖(mies van der rohe award),其获奖项目是位于阿姆斯特丹郊区的60年代公寓的设计更新。

Concrete ceilings throughout provide a thermal mass that traps cool air overnight to limit the need for artificial temperature control.
NL Architects and XVW Architectuur picked up this year's Mies van der Rohe Award for renovating a run-down 1960s apartment block on the outskirts of Amsterdam.

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该工作室以往的项目有位于阿姆斯特丹的一个住宅区,其特点是波浪形屋顶上覆盖着五颜六色的植物,其他代表作还有位于巴讷费尔德的候车室,其特点是玻璃幕墙和悬臂屋顶。

图片来源:Marcel van der Burg

The studio's previous projects also include a housing block in Amsterdam with an undulating roof covered in colourful plants, and a station waiting area in the town of Barneveld featuring glass walls and a cantilevered roof.
Photography is by Marcel van der Burg.

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出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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