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How CODA Used Hundreds of White Plastic Chairs To Build A Recyclable Pavilion

由专筑网Yumi,Vigo编译

这篇文章是我们“聚焦材料”系列的一部分,它要求建筑师阐述他们材料选择背后的思维过程,需要建立实际的项目。

在这个非常有想象力和启发思考的运动中进行感性的转变,伊萨卡岛和布鲁克的CODA将几百只简陋的塑料椅子变成Cornell大学Arts Quad中的一个项目。远看是一个尖锐的单一实体,仔细的观看发现是简单、朴实的重复模块。CODA 解释说,“对象的功能不再从它们的使用(腿、扶手、作为)来衡量,而是用它们的形式(尖峰、曲线、空隙)来衡量,由于它们离开地面旋转,它们失去了与人体的关系。”我们访问了 Caroline O'Donnell,他是 CODA的领袖,他解释了完全可回收的 URCHIN在发展和建设中所面临的挑战。

This article is part of our "Material Focus" series, which asks architects to elaborate on the thought process behind their material choices required to get projects actually built.
In this exceptionally imaginative and thought-provoking exercise in perceptual shifts, Ithaca- & Brooklyn-based CODA transformed hundreds of humble plastic lawn chairs into a project in the Arts Quad at Cornell University. Viewed from afar as a spiky singular entity, close inspection reveals the simple, unpretentious repeated module. CODA explains, "the object’s features are no longer understood in terms of their use (legs, arms, seat) but in terms of their form (spikes, curves, voids) as, due to their rotation away from the ground, they lose their relationship with the human body." We asked Caroline O'Donnell, principle at CODA, to explain the challenges faced in the development and construction of the fully-recyclable URCHIN.

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项目中使用的主要材料是什么?

白色塑料椅(聚丙烯)。

What were the principal materials used in the project?
White plastic chairs (polypropylene).

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© Joe Wilensky

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Courtesy of CODA

在材料方面,你最大的灵感和影响的来源是什么?

我们感兴趣的是使用一个日常的对象,以发挥对对象的感知。从远处看去,聚集物仿佛是一个奇异毛。在方法上,观众意识到,聚集的单元是熟悉的对象:他们以前坐过的普通的椅子。

In terms of materials, what were your biggest sources of inspiration and influence?
We were interested in using an everyday object to play with the perception of the object. From afar, the aggregation appears as a singular (and furry) designed object. Upon approach, the viewer realizes that the unit of aggregation is a familiar object: a common chair that they have sat in before.

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Courtesy of CODA

描述对材料的决定如何考虑到概念设计。

重要的不是损坏椅子,而是按秩序排列它们,在展馆拆卸后重复使用。我们需要做最小的切口,同时让整个展馆的曲线在不断变化中。我们还需要独特的连接,让它尽可能看不见,然后把注意力集中在椅子上。经过多次试验,我们解决了独特长度的螺纹杆,通过椅子上的小切口用螺栓连接在一起。

Describe how material decisions factored into concept design.
It was important not to damage the chairs in order for them to be reused after the pavilion is demounted. We needed to make minimal incisions, while allowing the curve of the overall pavilion to be constantly changing. We also needed the unique connections to be as invisible as possible to focus the attention on the chairs. After many tests, we settled on threaded rods of unique lengths that were connected by bolts through small incisions (ear-piercings) in the chair.  

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© John Lai

在该项目的建设中提供的这些材料的优点是什么?

在建设方面,使用椅子当然没有真正的优势。关键是要让人们思考日常的事物:这些椅子是从哪里来的?材料是从哪里来的?它能被回收吗?我怎么做我自己的回收实践?这种思维走向两个方向:一种朝向循环和生态足迹,另一种重新思考把椅子作为一个美丽的对象..这种方式是阳光穿过椅子、椅背的曲线、柔和的一簇簇向上翘的椅子腿...

What were the advantages that these materials offered in the construction of the project?  
There are no real advantages to using chairs in terms of construction, of course. The point is to make people think about everyday objects: where do these chairs come from? Where does the material come from? Can it be recycled? How am I doing with my own recycling practices? The thoughts go in two directions: one is towards recycling and ecological footprint, the other is re-thinking about the chair as a beautiful object..the way that the light comes through it, the curve of the back, the friendly spike in the upturned legs...

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Courtesy of CODA

因为你对材料选择有哪些挑战?

许多!虽然椅子在结构上被定性,它们仅仅被定为用于坐的通常的位置,不是我们有的在方向上的负荷。这很难计算。我们用数字建模,并做了模拟和比较结果。由于它们是户外家具,椅子不防火,为了获得建筑许可,需要满足城市中的消防等级。

Were there any challenges you faced because of your material selection?  
Many! While the chairs are rated structurally, they are rated only for sitting in the usual position, not having the loads in the directions that we had them. This was very difficult to calculate. We modeled it digitally and made mock ups and compared the results. Since they are outdoor furniture, the chairs are not fire rated and a fire rating was required from the City in order to get building permission.

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Courtesy of CODA

你考虑过这个项目其他可能的材料吗,如果是这样,那又如何改变了设计?

我们看了许多不同类型的椅子,但最终成本和这种椅子普遍性赢得了设计。在一场讲座后有人问我,如果使用标准材料建造会不会更好,比如胶合板。他们错过了要点。用一个已知的材料当然更容易建立,但项目的关键是实现的时刻,对现实的捕捉,当对象变得明显时,一系列的其他想法应运而生。我们要做的未必是简单的,但不意味着变得简单。意思是你要去思考。

Did you consider any other possible materials for the project, and if so how would that have changed the design?
We looked at a number of different chair types, but ultimately cost and the ubiquity of this chair won out. Someone asked me after a lecture if it would not be better to build this out of a standard material like plywood. They missed the point. It would of course be easier to build with a known material, but the point of the project is that moment of realization, a snap to reality, when the object becomes apparent, and a chain of other thoughts follow. It's not necessarily easy, what we do, but it is not meant to be easy. It is meant to make you think.

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Courtesy of CODA

你是如何为项目中使用的材料选择供应商和承包商的?

我们试图从制造商那购买散装以及捐赠的椅子。最终,最好的选择是用Home Depot的折扣购买椅子。所有的椅子都有独特的连接(螺纹杆),用Grasshopper建模。在几个星期的过程中,椅子被安置在垂直的C形里,然后用两天进行现场安装在一起(36 C形柱)。

How did you research and select providers or contractors for the materials used in your project?
We attempted to buy in bulk from the manufacturers, as well as to have the chairs donated. Eventually the best option was buying chairs at a discount from Home Depot. All of the chairs have unique connections (threaded rod) which were modelled in Grasshopper, and installed by our team. Chairs were built in vertical C-shapes inside over the course of a few weeks, then carried out to the site and installed together (36 C-shaped columns) in two days.
         
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© John Lai

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© John Lai

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© John Lai

可回收白色塑料椅装置亭/CODA第13张图片
Courtesy of CODA

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Courtesy of CODA

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Courtesy of CODA

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Courtesy of CODA

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Courtesy of CODA



出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。


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