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每四年就会有成千上万的童子军、领导和员工进行为期10天的全国童军大露营。从1937年开始在不同的地点举办,本项集会有一个长期基地,在位于弗吉尼亚州西部希望山的the Summit Bechtel Family National Scout Reserve。连接东部和西部10000英亩营地的是Consol Energy 翼桥, 由schlaich bergermann und partner 和Hatch Mott MacDonald在2009年的一个竞赛中设计;SBP回答了关于这座悬索桥的几个问题。

Every four years thousands of Boy Scouts, leaders and staff converge for the 10-day National Scout Jamboree. Held in various locations since its 1937 beginning, the Jamboree has a permanent base at the Summit Bechtel Family National Scout Reserve in Mount Hope, West Virginia. Connecting the east and west portions of the 10,000-acre camp is the Consol Energy Wingtip Bridge, designed by?schlaich bergermann und partner and Hatch Mott MacDonald in a 2009 competition; sbp answered a few questions about the suspension bridge.

童子军桥/ schlaich bergermann und partner+Hatch Mott MacDonald第1张图片
© schlaich bergermann und partner

请大致描绘一下这个项目。

2009 年2月,工程公司HatchMott McDonald 和schlaich bergermann and partner参与了在西佛吉尼亚新的国家童军营地为美国童子军设计一座新的行人桥的设计竞争。这座大桥跨越一个又宽又深的峡谷。

设计团队选择了一个由钢缆支撑的桥梁,使得桥梁全长达到240米(787英尺)、主跨175米(574英尺),这被认为是最有效的方式,特别在两端有基岩的情况下。桥梁的激动人心的设计要素使得童子军是可以自己选择跨越大桥的路线:他们可以走4.5米宽的(14-1 / 2英尺宽)主甲板或走位于悬索正上方的75厘米宽(2-1 / 2英尺宽)的次级通道。后者使人们可以行走在树顶之上,因而更可饱览绝妙的风光。

Please provide an overview of the project.
In February 2009 engineering firms HatchMott McDonald and schlaich bergermann and partner entered into a competition for a new pedestrian bridge for the Boy Scouts of America at their new national camp in West Virginia. The bridge provides a linear connection across a wide, deep ravine.
The design team opted for a cable supported bridge which, given the overall bridge length of 240 meters (787 feet) and main span of 175 meters (574 feet), was expected to be the most efficient option, particularly given the existence of bedrock at each end. An exciting design component allows the BoyScouts to select their pathway across the bridge: they can either walk on the 4.5-meter-wide (14-1/2-foot-wide) main deck or walk on 75-cm-wide (2-1/2-foot-wide) secondary walkways located directly on top of the suspension cables. The latter provide splendid views as users walk just above the tree tops.

童子军桥/ schlaich bergermann und partner+Hatch Mott MacDonald第2张图片
© schlaich bergermann und partner

影响建筑设计的主要概念和灵感来自哪里呢?

轻量化的高效设计以最小的影响嵌入在自然中;空间创造的新颖,使桥梁成为目的地,而不只是通向终点的方式。

What are the main ideas and inspirations influencing the design of the building?
Lightweight efficient design, embedded in nature with minimal impact; and the creation of space and places to make the bridge a destination and not only a means to an end.

童子军桥/ schlaich bergermann und partner+Hatch Mott MacDonald第3张图片
© schlaich bergermann und partner

客户或未来的使用者是在怎样的程度上影响这个项目的设计及最终结果的?

RFP指出:“该桥的设计能够刺激为童子军激发出学习的环境。值得一提的是此项目拥有独特的结构体系和可持续发展(绿色)战略的实施。童子军对这个建筑的愿景是使其成为国家童军中心的焦点。该结构需要创新而极简化,因为它需要与周围的自然环境尽可能地融合……”

项目采用的悬索结构是一个一目了然的体系,在悬索及平台上行走从而在桅杆的顶端及树顶之上纵览整个营地的可能性激励着童军们对于自然、营地和大桥的召唤和反馈,从而为童子军创造一个良好的学习环境。

To what extent did the clients and/or future users of the building influence the design and the outcome of the building?
The RFP stated the following: "The design of the bridge should stimulate a learning environment for scouts. Unique structural systems and implementation of sustainable (green) features will be given favorable consideration. The Boy Scouts’ vision is for this structure to be a focal point of the National Scouting Center. The structure needs to be innovative yet simplistic in that it needs to blend as much as possible with the surrounding natural elements..."
The suspension structure which is a self explaining system, the possibility to walk on the cables and the platforms to overview the camp on top of the masts and right in the middle above the tree tops invite the boy scout to convene, reflect about nature, the camp and the bridge and therefore stimulate a learning environment.

童子军桥/ schlaich bergermann und partner+Hatch Mott MacDonald第4张图片
© Courtesy of Boy Scouts of America

施工过程中遇到什么重大的挑战了吗?你们是怎么解决的呢?

项目所在地比较边远,交通不便。针对这个挑战,我们提出的极轻量化结构,以及能被轻易地拆分为众多组件的结构,使得将其运到所在地成为可能。

Were there any significant challenges that arose during the project? If so, how did you respond to them?

It was a remote site with restrictions regarding accessibility. The design responded to this challenge by proposing an extremely lightweight structure and a structure whihc can be divided in components easily so that the transport to the site became possible.

童子军桥/ schlaich bergermann und partner+Hatch Mott MacDonald第5张图片
© Courtesy of Boy Scouts of America

你怎么评价弗吉尼亚西部的建筑,这个项目和它们有什么样的联系呢?

西弗吉尼亚州在桥梁建设领域有着杰出的传统。截至目前世界上最长的拱桥距童子军桥也只有几英里的距离。


本文由John Hill通过电子邮件采写。

How would you describe the architecture of West Virginia and how does the building relate to it?
West Virginia has a great tradition in bridge building. The – until recently – longest arch bridge in the world is just a few miles away from the Boy Scouts bridge.

Email interview conducted by John Hill.

童子军桥/ schlaich bergermann und partner+Hatch Mott MacDonald第6张图片
© Courtesy of Boy Scouts of America

童子军桥/ schlaich bergermann und partner+Hatch Mott MacDonald第7张图片
© Courtesy of Boy Scouts of America

童子军桥/ schlaich bergermann und partner+Hatch Mott MacDonald第8张图片
© schlaich bergermann und partner

项目名称:Consol Energy 翼桥
项目时间:2013年
项目地点:西弗吉尼亚Mount Hope
委托方:Trinity Works
建筑设计/工程:纽约schlaich bergermann und partner Stuttgart、西佛吉尼亚Hatch Mott MacDonald Charleston
结构类型:带可行走主缆的悬索桥
全长:239.6 米 (786 英尺)
主跨度:177.4 米 (582 英尺)
桥面宽度:4.6米 (15英尺)
步道宽度:0.8米 (3 英尺)
桅杆长度:13.5米(44 英尺)
总钢缆垂度:10.7 米 (35 英尺)

Consol Energy Wingtip Bridge
2013
Mount Hop, West Virginia

Client: Trinity Works
Architect/Engineer: schlaich bergermann und partner, Stuttgart and New York
Hatch Mott MacDonald: Charleston, WV
Type of Structure: Cable suspended pedestrian bridge with walkable main cables
Total Length: 239.6 m (786 ft)
Main Span: 177.4 m (582 ft)
Deck Width: 4.6 m (15 ft)
Walkway Width: 0.8 m (3 ft)
Mast Length: 13.5 m (44 ft)
Total Cable Sag: 10.7 m (35 ft)


出处:本文译自www.world-architects.com/,转载请注明出处。


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