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南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第1张图片
© Yao Li

来自于事务所的描述。这个200平米小教堂的项目坐落在南京沿河的万景花园中。它来自于南京联合神学院的牧师主持,支持礼拜及婚礼等各项宗教活动。这个木钢结构的小教堂有着温和的外形和充满着神秘宗教力量的强大的内部空间。然而,这些简单的材料就能够表达出微妙的建筑逻辑。


From the architect. The project – a 200 square meter small chapel, is located in Wanjing Garden along Nanjing’s Riverfront. Hosted by priests from Nanjing Union Theological Seminary, it supports religious activities like worship and wedding services. This wood and steel structured chapel has gentle exterior shape as well as strong interior space infused with mysterious religious power. Its plain material doesn’t fail in expressing the delicate construction logic.

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第2张图片
© Yao Li

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第3张图片
© Yao Li

最早的和最基本的教堂空间有两个相关的趋势——中心和深度。在早期基督教建筑中,万神殿的中心和基督教堂的深轴都被继承了下来。在现代主义时期,教堂空间的中心和轴对称变得没有那么重要了,这是与天主教等级制度中拒绝对统治者实行保护密切相关的。


The earliest and fundamental church space has two interrelated tendencies- Center and depth. Both the centrality from the Pantheon and the deep axis of the Basilica was inherited in the early Christian Architecture. The central and axial symmetry of church space became less prominent during the Modernism period, which was closely related to the Protectants’ rejection of Catholic Hierarchy.

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第4张图片
平面图

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第5张图片
剖面图

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第6张图片
© Yao Li

在万景花园教堂的设计中,建筑师没有刻意回避传统空间模式中所含有的“集中式”和“深度”。从平面图看上去,该建筑有一个八边形中央大厅,四周被几个方形走廊所环绕。从剖面图看上去,屋顶和狭长的天窗的使用扩大了空间的深度,强调了这个有着所有轴线的神圣空间上的至高点。


In the design of Wanjing Garden Chapel, the architect didn’t purposefully reject the “centrality” and “depth” of classical space sequence. In plan, it has an octagonal central hall surrounded by square shaped corridors. In section, the use of roof profile and the long slit of skylight amplify the depth of space and emphasize on the high point over the sacred space where all axis meet.

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第7张图片
© Yao Li

该建筑在中央大厅中,木质的走廊形成了一个独特的双框架结构。内部结构相对封闭,自然光只有通过屋顶和墙壁上的开口才能照射进来。由精致的防晒条组成的外部框架看上去就像是一个对室外景色的过滤网,象征着宗教空间体验的开始。这种双框架系统创建了一个独特有趣的东方建筑空间,它不同于传统的石质教堂的“封闭性”以及现代建筑的“开放性”。这座小教堂有着完美的方形平面。尽管在内部空间与外部结构的相连处有着45度的相互错转,但是这个方形仍然具有高度的完整性、对称性以及中心导向性。在平面图中,隐含的对角轴一直延伸扩展到屋顶的结构,实现了空间、材料和能量的完美统一。


The wooden corridor forms a unique double shell of the central hall space. The inner shell is more closed, leaving natural light to penetrate only through openings on roof and walls. The outer shell, composed of delicate SPF strips, serves as a filter of the view outside, implying the start of a religious spatial experience. The double shell system creates a uniquely interesting oriental architectural space that’s different from the “closeness” of traditional stone chapel, or the “openness” of modern architecture. The small chapel has a perfectly square shaped plan. Even with the 45-degree turning connecting inner space to exterior structure, the square remains highly integrated, symmetrical and center oriented. Hidden diagonal axis in the plan also extends to the roof structure, realizing a complete integrity of space, material and power.

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第8张图片
© Yao Li

“……神就是光,在他之中毫无黑暗。”——《圣经》约翰福音1


“…God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.”
- 1 John Bible

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第9张图片
© Yao Li

在教堂空间的宗教表述中,“光”是一个重要的主题。在这个特殊的设计中,光透过轴线交点上方的条状天窗照射进来,撒射到中央大厅中,同时也从墙上圣洁的十字架后面渗入进来。这个300毫米宽的光线带的呈现是室内空间中最强大有力的至关重要元素。其他的自然光线柔和地透过木条照射到墙壁的开口处。


“Light” is an important theme in the religious expressions of church space. In this particular design, light falls through the strip skylight right above the axis of alter into the center of the hall, and also penetrate from behind the holy cross on the alter wall. The presentation of this 300 mm wide light strip is the most powerful defining element of the interior space. Other natural light comes gently through the wood strips into the openings on the wall.

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第10张图片
分解图的等角

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第11张图片
© Yao Li

在紧张的项目进度和有限的预算下,“光”结构策略是一个明智的选择。依照“廉价”的材料——自然光线,与之相配合的屋顶结构为整个空间增加了表现力。所有的内部表面都被漆成了白色,以此来强调了光线和空间是主角。外面的木条和沥青砖瓦保留了它们本色,更强调了自然的重要性。


“Light” construction strategy is a wise choice under tight project schedule and limited budget. Roof structure, in accordance with the “cheap” material- natural light, adds expressiveness to the entire space. All interior surfaces are painted white, emphasizing the leading role of light and space. The exterior wood strips and asphalt shingles are left in their natural color, emphasizing the importance of nature.

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第12张图片
© Yao Li

教堂周围的防晒条极其精致,它们的长度和半径的比例是1:120,很大程度上超过了正常的承载力。防晒条的长度是12米,而截面仅38*89毫米,它的两端由金属部件连接在屋顶和地面上,使之保持在理想的拉伸状态中。相邻的木条间由U型金属部件连接,来确保其稳定性。它们一起形成了金属—木材结构,这在材料的选择和组装上是极其简单的。


The SPF strips surrounding the church are so delicate that their length-to-radius ratio could be 1:120, largely exceeding the normal load bearing. With length as long as 12 meters and section area only 38*89 mm, the strips are connected to the roof and ground by metal parts at both ends, keeping them in their ideal stretching status. Adjacent wood strips are also connected with U-shape metal parts to insure stability. These together achieved a metal-wood structure that’s extremely simple in material selection and installation.

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第13张图片
© Yao Li

作为一个有着简单功能的宗教建筑,这个小教堂有着过于“理想”的空间,它不属于任何特定的风格,而是“自然包罗万象”。


As a religious institution with very simple functions, this small chapel has its overly “ideal” space that couldn’t attribute to any particular style, but “the nature that tolerates all.”

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第14张图片
© Yao Li

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第15张图片
© Yao Li

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第16张图片
总平面图

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第17张图片
西立面

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第18张图片
西南立面

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第19张图片
南立面

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第20张图片
东南立面

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第21张图片
南侧等角

南京万景花园教堂/AZL Architects第22张图片
局部细节图

建筑设计事务所:AZL Architects
位置:中国,江苏,南京
面积:200.0平方米
时间:2014年
摄影:姚丽
项目经理:张磊
项目团队:张磊,王莹,金鑫,曹永山,航晓明,黄龙辉
合作者:ADI-NJU
Architects: AZL Architects
Location: Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
Area: 200.0 sqm
Year: 2014
Photographs: Yao Li
Project Leader: Zhang Lei
Project Team: Zhang Lei, Wang Ying, Jin Xin, Cao Yongshan, Hang Xiaomeng, Huang Longhui
Collaborator: ADI-NJU

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。
编辑:李鹤,刘庆新
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  • stone-world
  • 2014.10.19 13:14
    张雷老师的名字打错了吧
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    没有了...
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