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Mas d’安瑞科监狱/Mas d’Enric Penitentiary / AiB estudi d’arquitectes + Est...第1张图片

建筑师:Estudi PSP Arquitectura,AiB estudi d’arquitectes
位置:西班牙,加泰罗尼亚,EL Catllar
合作建筑师(A I B )::Inigo Solano, David Baro, Nicolas Aparicio, Marta Mula, Luls Arredondo, Jordi Brunes, Gerard Cuartero-Betriu, Eduard Dalmau, Gerard Garcia, Estlbaliz Guiterrez, Jordi Pascual, Arne Schultz-Gambard, Enric Verdu, Sandra Vergara, Cristian Vivas.
合作建筑师(Psp): Josep Perez, Jordi Morato, Enric Palou, Rafel,Montsonls,Fernando Morales, Coral Pallares, Gemma Mercader.
面积:74130.0平方米
年份:2012
摄影:Jose Hevia
架构工程师:BOMA (Robert Brufau, Nacho Costales)
机械,电力和水暖工程师:JG Ingenieros (Lluls de la Torre, Jesus Valle)
园林绿化,基础设施和土木工程师: BCN (Joan Antoni Paez, Joan Rovira), EGI (Carles Noguera, Vicent Ballester), EGI (Carles Noguera, Vicent Ballester) Auding-Intraesa (Josep Secanell)
Architects: Estudi PSP Arquitectura, AiB estudi d’arquitectes
Location: El Catllar, Catalonia, Spain
Collaborating Architects (A I B ): Inigo Solano, David Baro, Nicolas Aparicio, Marta Mula, Luls Arredondo, Jordi Brunes, Gerard Cuartero-Betriu, Eduard Dalmau, Gerard Garcia, Estíbaliz Guiterrez, Jordi Pascual, Arne Schultz-Gambard, Enric Verdu, Sandra Vergara, Cristian Vivas.
Collaborating Architects (Psp): Josep Perez, Jordi Morato, Enric Palou, Rafel Montsonls, Fernando Morales, Coral Pallares, Gemma Mercader.
Area: 74130.0 sqm
Year: 2012
Photographs: Jose Hevia
Structural Engineering: BOMA (Robert Brufau, Nacho Costales)
Mechanical, Electrical & Plumbing: JG Ingenieros (Lluls de la Torre, Jesus Valle)
Landscaping, Infrastructure And Civil Engineering: BCN (Joan Antoni Paez, Joan Rovira), EGI (Carles Noguera, Vicent Ballester), EGI (Carles Noguera, Vicent Ballester) Auding-Intraesa (Josep Secanell)


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监狱是一个令人不舒服的机构,其体系结构往往受制于技术官僚的标准。这种奴性使监狱成为社会文化领域的一部分,而从公众话语中消除。监狱的隐蔽性在于它作为一个机构,展现着当代社会的一个悬而未决的矛盾。我们打算通过建筑去探索这个矛盾。监狱必须响应纪律(禁闭)和自由(重返)同时存在。在这种复杂的架构中,建筑可以利用它的能力来综合表述这个看似矛盾的问题,成为解决当代监狱悖论的活性剂。根据我们与Mas d’安瑞科监狱的经验,我们要求监狱作为一个关键设计的对象,并且我们声称监狱的角色是尽可能多的不去限制他们。
The prison is an uncomfortable institution and its architecture is often subjugated to technocratic criteria. This servility forces the prison out of the sociocultural realm where it belongs, thus erasing it from public discourse. The invisibility of the penitentiary as an institution demonstrates an unresolved contradiction underlying contemporary society. We intend to explore this contradiction through architecture. A prison must respond to the demand for discipline (confinement) and liberty (reinsertion) at the same time. Within this complex framework, architecture can make use of its ability to synthetically articulate problems that seem contradictory to become an active agent in resolving the paradox of the contemporary penitentiary. Based on our experience with the Mas d’Enric penitentiary, we claim the prison as an object of critical design and we reclaim architecture’s role in multiplying possibilities as opposed to limiting them.

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鉴于非常严格的纲领性要求,一系列的决定确立了功利和概念之间的联系:它是一个可占用,无压迫感环境下的建筑;引进了最大数量的外在载体,新一代的开放的空间有着半正式化和概念性。
Given very strict programmatic requirements, a series of decisions forges a link between the utilitarian and the conceptual: the construction of an appropriable, non-oppressive environment; the introduction of a maximum number of vectors of exteriority; and the generation of open space that is central both formally and conceptually.

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三个关键方面渗透到整个设计过程中,并作为阐明项目的概念性视野:整体来看,要解决整个环境的设计问题。感受上,介绍空间和感觉的多样性。开放性上,庆祝拘留中心的开放。
Three keys aspects permeate the entire design process and serve as the conceptual horizons that articulate the project: Totality: Tackling the problem of designing a total environment. Vibration: Introducing spatial and perceptual diversity Openness: Celebrating openness in the heart of detention.

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这两种类型化和布局策略的设计是MAS D'的安瑞科监狱项目的核心。类型学:我们的目的是通过创建一个修改了的毯式建筑,来超越传统的现代化监狱建筑:监狱在计划中是广泛的,并从低到地面。邻接处消除了建筑物之间的残余空间。它也允许建筑上的灵活性,同时,在不同尺度的庭院形式上产生外部空间。
Both typological and topological design strategies are central to the Mas d’Enric Penitentiary project. Typological: We aimed to move beyond conventional modern prison architecture by creating a revised mat-building: the prison is extensive in plan and low to the ground. Contiguity eliminates residual spaces between buildings. It also allows for organizational flexibility while generating exterior spaces in the form of courtyards on different scales.

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布局策略:地势的适应允许地形有一个柔和的整合。它创造了空间的多样性,同时允许任何种类室内围栏的缺失。山体的远方景色是通过地面的水平衔接形成的。相邻的林地景色改善了建筑和庭院的条件。
Topological: The topographical adaptation allows for a gentle integration with the terrain. It creates spatial variety while allowing for the absence of any kind of interior fencing. Distant views of the mountains are made possible by an articulation of the ground level. Views of the adjacent woodlands improve conditions in both the cells and the courtyards.

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在类型化和布局策略上,屋顶工程的连续性,创造了建筑的形态化统一,并在大规模的景观上建立了关系。程序所需的约束不是被纪念的;相反,监狱建筑面临的是创建一个真正的家和壁炉的挑战,也许这是不可能的。
The continuity of the roof works on both a typological and topological level, creating morphological unity for the building and establishing relationships with the large scale of the landscape. The confinement required by the program is not monumentalized; on the contrary, the prison’s architecture faces up to the, perhaps impossible, challenge of creating a genuine home and hearth.

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Plan平面图
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Plan平面图
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Plan平面图
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Site Plan总平面图
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Diagram图解
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Diagram图解
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Section局部图
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Section局部图
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Elevation立视图

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 匿名

  • huifei4444
  • 2013.12.24 09:00
    从引入外部景观可以看出设计师的人性关怀
    • 0
  • /yl江枫晓月
  • 2013.07.26 11:10
    体现了设计师对人性的尊重.
    • 0
  • liaijnew
  • 2013.05.11 12:36
    人性化的监狱,重新定义了监狱的性质,重大的突破啊,目前最需要的探索精神啊!
    • 0
  • (⊙_⊙)
  • 2013.05.06 15:57
    监狱都如此~~ 设计师真心体贴  比较喜欢这类处理
    • 0
    没有了...
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