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Daan Roosegaarde用“光食谱”促进农业可持续发展
Daan Roosegaarde uses "light recipes" to show how agriculture could be more sustainable

由专筑网Cortana,小R编译

Roosegaarde工作室推出了一个名为Grow的项目,这是一个2万平方米的灯光装置,项目旨在突出农业之美,同时也改善农作物的生长。

位于鹿特丹的工作室在设计师Daan Roosegaarde的带领下,利用红、蓝光和紫外线将一片田野变成了一件动态的艺术品。

除了创造视觉奇观外,该装置还是一个原型,说明如何利用"光食谱"来促进植物生长,并减少多达50%的农药使用量。

Studio Roosegaarde has unveiled Grow, a 20,000-square-metre light installation designed to highlight the beauty of agriculture while also improving crop growth.
The Rotterdam-based studio, led by designer Daan Roosegaarde, used red, blue and ultraviolet lights to transform a field into a dynamic artwork.
As well as creating a visual spectacle, the installation serves as a prototype for how certain "light recipes" can be used to increase plant growth and reduce the use of pesticides by up to 50 per cent.

Grow—艺术与现代农业的交融第1张图片


这个项目的灵感是设计师在清晨参观农场后产生的。作为一个城市人,Roosegaarde说,他很少花时间去探索荷兰的农业风景,所以对亲身体验感到十分惊讶。

荷兰虽然是一个相对较小的国家,但却是世界上最大的蔬菜生产国之一,仅次于美国,并已成为高效农业技术的先驱。

“我们认为应该突出这种农业的美。”Roosegaarde说,“这些广阔的田地养育了我们,但没有人看到它。”

The first ideas for the project came after an early morning visit to the farm. As a self-confessed urbanite, Roosegaarde told Dezeen he had spent very little time exploring the Netherlands' agricultural landscape, so was amazed to experience it first hand.
Despite being a relatively small country, the Netherlands is one of the world's largest producers of vegetables, second only to the United States, and has established itself as a pioneer of highly efficient farming techniques.
"We thought we should highlight the beauty of this agriculture," said Roosegaarde. "These vast fields feed us, but nobody sees it."

Grow—艺术与现代农业的交融第2张图片


不久后,Roosegaarde意识到光生物照明技术的进步。研究表明,一些光照组合不仅能加强植物的新陈代谢,还能产生抗病虫害的能力。

虽然该技术已在温室中使用,但Roosegaarde看到了在更大范围内使用它的可能性。

Shortly after, Roosegaarde became aware of advancements in photobiological lighting technology. Research suggests that certain combinations of light can not only strengthen plant metabolism but also create resistance to both pests and disease.
Although the technology has been used in greenhouses, Roosegaarde saw an opportunity to test its potential at a larger scale.

Grow—艺术与现代农业的交融第3张图片


“一种特殊的紫外线能激活植物的防御系统。而有趣的是,它对所有作物都有效。”设计师解释说,“所以我们可以减少农药的使用。”

众所周知,农药对生物多样性有很大的负面影响。如果农业行业能够减少对农药的依赖,将对环境大有裨益。

"A specific ultraviolet light activates the defence system of plants. And what is interesting is that it works on all crops," the designer explained. "So we can reduce the use of pesticides."
Pesticides are known to have a significantly harmful effect on biological diversity, one of the pillars of sustainability. If the farming industry was able to reduce reliance on them, it would be of great benefit to the environment.

Grow—艺术与现代农业的交融第4张图片


Roosegaarde工作室用高密度的LED灯放置在场地周围的不同位置创造了Grow。

这些设备上下移动,将光线均匀地分布在整个区域。当它们移动时,会创造出晃动的图案,让人看了觉得很催眠。“从某种程度上来说,这很有未来感,也很浪漫。”Roosegaarde说道。

Studio Roosegaarde created Grow with high-density LEDs positioned at different points around the field.
The devices move up and down, distributing the light evenly across the field. As they move, they create dancing patterns that are hypnotic to watch. "It's very futuristic and also very romantic, in a way," suggested Roosegaarde.

Grow—艺术与现代农业的交融第5张图片


这种效果与Roosegaarde过去创作的其他一些大型装置类似,比如Waterlicht,它模仿了北极光的效果,以此来突出冲击平原。

然而,设计师认为Grow是一个拥有更大受众的项目。他的计划是把它带到世界各地,根据不同的作物制定不同的光食谱。

The effect is similar to some of the other large-scale installations Roosegaarde has created in the past like Waterlicht, which mimicked the effect of the Northern Lights as a way to highlight a flood plain.
However, the designer sees Grow as a project with a bigger audience. His plan is to take it around the world, with different light recipes formulated to suit different crops.

Grow—艺术与现代农业的交融第6张图片


Roosegaarde的目的是帮助加快这门科学的应用,同时也让人们更普遍地认识到农民这个他称之为英雄的群体的重要作用。

“我希望设计的东西能让人们对未来充满好奇,而不是悲伤或疯狂。”Roosegaarde补充道,“光是我的语言,光不是装饰,是活力,是交流。”

Grow是设计师受荷兰合作银行的委托,为该银行正在进行的驻场艺术家计划而创作。项目的目标是在该银行经营的40个国家进行巡回展览。

Roosegaarde's aim is to help to speed up the application of this science, but also to create a more universal appreciation for the important role of farmers, who he describes as heroes.
"I want to design things which make people curious about the future, not sad or mad," added Roosegaarde. "Light is my language. Light is not decoration, it's activation and it's communication."
Grow was commissioned by Rabobank, for the bank's ongoing artist-in-residence programme. The ambition is for the project to tour all 40 countries where the bank operates.

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