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施华洛世奇制造工厂
Swarovski Manufaktur / Snøhetta

由专筑网王沛儒,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。施华洛世奇制造工厂是全球先进的工业用地,由水晶制造商Tyrolean开发,在这里非常适合有创造性的合作创作和快速原型制作。建筑师巧妙地将设计、产品开发和生产融合在一起,使得创新工艺和技术生产需求相结合。

Text description provided by the architects. Developed for the Tyrolean crystal manufacturer, the Swarovski Manufaktur is a progressive crystal workshop perfectly suited for creative co-creation, rapid prototyping, and representation. The structure cleverly merges design, product development, and production into one single facility. The new building type allows the company to develop innovative ways to align creative visionary processes with technical production requirements.

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光的应用

施华洛世奇制造工厂旨在促进创新合作、创新交流和快速实施创意。建筑师构思了具有吸引力的空间,同时促进人们的想象力与创造力,并且让工人们不要过于注重产品的生产过程,另外,建筑师还结合了光线,让水晶看起来更加璀璨。

A Play of Light
Swarovski Manufaktur is designed to facilitate innovative collaborations, inventive exchange and rapid implementation of ideas. The design primarily focuses on creating an appealing and stimulating space that encourages creativity rather than focusing on the physical production processes which are a central part of the Manufaktur. A key focus for the architects was the incorporation of daylight, which is what makes crystal sparkle.

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光线通过天花板上的开口进入宽敞的建筑内部,也就是建筑师所说的“透光”。这种特殊的天花板结构有135个开口,这些开口上覆盖着一层有保护性的太阳能涂层,使得直射到建筑中的光线更加柔和一些。天花板只需要承担自重,并且由重复的6x3米图案和轻微倾斜的网格组成。天花板结构整合了所有必要的建筑服务。覆盖在天花板上的穿孔声学面板,确保建筑内部有高水准的声学体系,使得人们在有来自生产设施和机器的背景噪音的情况下依旧可以用正常的声音交谈。

Daylight enters the spacious building through openings in the ceiling, known as “cassettes”. This special ceiling construction comprises 135 openings covered with a protective solar coating that allows daylight to enter gently into the building. The self-supporting white steel ceiling consists of a repetitive 6x3-meter pattern with a slightly skewed grid. The ceiling structure integrates all necessary building services. Perforated acoustic panels covering the ceiling to ensure that the building has a pleasant sound level that allows people to converse at a normal voice despite the background noise from the production facilities and machines.

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灵活的空间

材料的使用强调了建筑内部明亮而舒适的氛围。墙壁为白色,浅色的桦木面板覆盖在地板和二楼的雕塑平台上,在这里,人们可以看到一楼的宽敞空间。当游客从园区通过一座桥进入建筑时,明亮的氛围尤为突出。通过这种方式,人们在不同的建筑之间游走,更加突出了空间的独特氛围。

A Flexible Space
The bright and welcoming atmosphere of the building interior is emphasized by the material choices. The walls are painted in white, and light birch wood panels cover the floor and the sculptural platform that is the second floor, providing an overview of the generous space of the ground floor. The light atmosphere is particularly emphasized when visitors enter the Manufaktur through a bridge from Campus 311, a new office location in an old factory building with an interior dominated by a dark color palette. In this way, the experience of moving from building to building accentuates the vivid atmosphere of the new space.

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大型开放楼梯也可用作会议点和舞台,人们可以通过主楼层的木制平台进入,从结构上可以看出,这座平台悬挂在天花板上。办公室、陈列室和展示室整合到这个木制的像画廊一样的结构中。这些房间由玻璃墙围合,室内以橡木、黄铜、彩色玻璃和各种纺织品等材料为主。在主楼层,咖啡馆也是会议场所和社交空间。建筑师通过视觉的方式连接了上部楼层和主楼层。

A large open staircase, which also serves as a meeting point and arena, provides access to the main floor from the wooden platform which is structurally suspended from the ceiling. Offices, showrooms, and presentation rooms are integrated into this wooden sculptural and gallery-like structure. These rooms are enclosed by glass walls and the interior is dominated by materials such as oak wood, brass, stained glass and a variety of textiles. On the main floor, the café also serves as a meeting point and a social space. The design visually connects the sculptural upper level with the main floor.

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在生产过程中,施华洛世奇水晶的整个制作过程规模较小,主楼层包含了在尽可能短的时间内制作小水晶系列原型所需要的所有机器。如果技术标准或规格发生变化,主楼的灵活性提供了足够的空间来重新安排生产,以满足最新的技术要求。

At the Manufaktur, the entire production process of the Swarovski crystal is reproduced on a small scale: The main floor contains all the machines necessary to produce prototypes or small crystal series in the shortest possible amount of time. Should technical standards or specifications change, the flexibility of the main floor provides enough space to allow for production to be rearranged to meet the latest technological requirements.

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在整个设施中,凸起的地板为必要的技术设备和电缆提供了灵活空间。此外,一个从主楼向下延伸至地下室的开放空间可以容纳高达14米的模型。

Throughout the facility, a raised floor provides flexibility and space for necessary technical equipment and cables. Moreover, a “chandelier hole“–  an open space plunging from the main floor and down to the basement – allows for prototypes up to 14 meters high to be assembled and tested on-site.

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新工厂不仅为未来的创意工作设立了新标准,也为可持续发展制定了新标准。这座建筑符合LEED黄金标准。

The new factory not only sets a new standard for the future of creative work but also for sustainability; The building meets the criteria of the LEED Gold Standard (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design.

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建筑设计:Snohetta
地点:奥地利,瓦滕斯
项目内容:机构建筑
首席建筑师:Snøhetta
面积:7.546 m2
项目年份:2019年
照片摄影:David Schreyer

Architects: Snohetta
Location: Wattens, Austria
Category: Institutional Buildings
Architect in Charge: Snøhetta
Area: 7.546 m2
Project Year: 2019
Photographs: David Schreyer

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