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纽约设计的集装箱——灾难中的庇护所第1张图片

海运集装箱建筑在过去的几年中以它的简单、廉价和灵活的特点占有了很多的土地。的确,那些用来大西洋航行和被周围的卡车搬运的集装箱已经成为了建筑师的一种工具,用来设计成餐馆,建成零售商店或者展馆,甚至有些被用来改造成住所。

来自New York Observer的Matt Chaban一篇文章中指出,纽约正在为下一场灾难准备建立在集装箱中的公寓,作为灾难中的就在庇护所。

纽约设计的集装箱——灾难中的庇护所第2张图片

模块化和功能性使得海运集装箱有一个非常灵活的特点。他们可以配备并且提供舒适的庇护,无论这是永久的还是临时的,他们也可以非常简单的分解开来或者组合成复杂的建筑。对于很多来说,现实中的长时间灾难庇护所不能建的这么的快。据纽约时报报道,大约有400个庇护所需要被摧毁,另外还有500个正在等待评估。Chaban也报道了在纽约大约有20000人可能因为类似Hurricane Sandy的自然灾害而变得无家可归。

纽约设计的集装箱——灾难中的庇护所第3张图片

设想将这些庇护所放置在停车场、游乐场,将他们堆叠起来组建公寓楼,甚至将零售和社区空间组合成为社区。庇护所的原型是480平方英尺的一室公寓,其中包含了各种便利设施以便人们在灾难中走散或者失踪。一个客厅、厨房和盥洗室融洽的存在于同一个空间中并且提供了充足的照明和新鲜的空气,拥有自主化粪池和独立、非独立可选择的供能系统。

纽约设计的集装箱——灾难中的庇护所第4张图片

因为建造这个庇护所是为了一时的方便而不是一个永久的解决方法,所以花费和舒适之间的平衡被很好的调节了。虽然纽约在推动这个想法的进行,成功的希望仍在于美国联邦应急管理局和工兵部队的帮助能够平衡所需的花费,以便项目能在国内顺利开展。

纽约设计的集装箱——灾难中的庇护所第5张图片

一个160单元的原型被用于测试结构和关于社区的一些方面在这个项目中的表现。据Chaban记录,纽约市应急管理办公室从Sandy来之前就开始计划这个项目,并且希望最迟在2013年的时候能把这个原型完成,因为这个原型重建的社区可以为缓解能源提供一些参考。它保持了人们和他们的同社区的邻里在社区中,并且非常期待着这个重建项目的开始。

敬请期待!

特别鸣谢翻译一组6号 俞路 提供的翻译,译稿版权归译者所有,转载请注明出处。



Shipping container architecture has gained a lot of ground over the past few years for its simplicity, affordability and flexibility.  Yes the very same containers that make transatlantic voyages and are carted around hitched to trucks have become a tool for architects to design restaurants, to serve as retail or pavilions and even homes.  According to an article by Matt Chaban on the New York Observer, NYC plans to prepare for the next disaster with apartments built out of shipping containers to be used as disaster relief shelters.

The modular and utilitarian form of the shipping container has a remarkable amount of flexibility.  They can outfitted to provide comfortable shelters, either permanent or temporary, and can easily be taken apart or stacked together to build complex structures.  For many, the reality of long term disaster housing can’t come soon enough. The New York Times reported that an estimated 400 homes need to be demolished with 500 still awaiting evaluation. Chaban also reports that approximately 20,000 people are estimated to become homeless in New York City alone as a result of natural disasters like Hurricane Sandy.

The idea is to be able to deploy these shelters in parking lots of playgrounds and stack them to create apartment blocks, even communities by incorporating retail and community spaces. The prototype is a 480 square foot one bedroom apartment that includes all the amenities that people may be missing or have lost in a disaster. A living room, kitchen and bathroom all fit within the quaint space and are provided with adequate light and ventilation, independent septic systems and the option of dependent or independent power generation.  

The balance of cost and comfort are also mediated by the need to make this housing option a temporary convenience but not a permanent solution. Though NYC is pushing this concept, the hope is that FEMA and the Army Corps of Engineers get on board to help cover the costs and make this amenity deployable through the country.

A 160-unit prototype is in the works to test the structural and community aspects of the project. NYC’s Office of Emergency Management has been planning this since before Sandy and hopes to have the prototype ready by late 2013. The value of this program, notes Chaban, is that it strives to rebuild community as it provides emergency relief. It keeps people in their communities among their neighbors and inspires the rebuilding process to begin.

Stay tuned!


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