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俄罗斯莫斯科Pyreva街2号居住综合体/谢尔盖·斯库拉托夫第1张图片


建筑设计:Sergey Skuratov
公司:Sergey Skuratov建筑设计事务所
设计项目:Pyreva街2号,居住综合体
地址:俄罗斯,莫斯科Pyreva街2号
设计团队:Sergey Skuratov, Sergey Nekrasov, Ivan Ilyin, Platon Karpovsky

俄罗斯莫斯科Pyreva街2号居住综合体/谢尔盖·斯库拉托夫第2张图片

在过去的三周里,“House on Mosfilmovskaya”一直是媒体关注的焦点。可是直到现在,数以百计的评论文章并没有把焦点放在建筑价值和项目获得的专业奖项上,反而莫斯科的专家们对于这座摩天大楼非法占地现象争论不休,期望建筑在未来15天内能够按照要求降低层数。关于这点,我们咨询了建筑的设计者:Sergei Skuratov。

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记者:权威人士认为这座标志性建筑的规模,尤其是建筑高度,在建筑设计完成前并没有申请获批,是真的吗?
S. Skuratov:如你所说,在莫斯科不可能没有任何获准便开始工程施工。" House on Mosfilmovskaya"已经获得相关部门的批准,并且拿到获准之后我们才开始建设工作,但不久由于项目的需要原有方案进行部分更正。

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原因如下:首先,项目初始希望建造居住综合体,确切的说,两部分完全相同的建筑,由底座和塔身组成。并且还提供了尺寸相近的体型,计算通过的科技和经济状况。但是客户后来放弃了设计的初衷,希望建造一座造型独一无二的双子塔楼。起初,塔楼造型扭曲旋转,考虑到可能由此造成过多的经济花费,比如:每个侧面板材的制作都需要重塑模板。特别是当同地段的瑞典马尔默出现了圣地亚哥卡拉特拉瓦设计的Turning Torso摩天大楼造型与早先设计方案相似,“DON- Story”就完全放弃了以前的想法,这样一来既可以减少开支,同时也避免体型类似。随后一段时间,我完成了新方案的设计,把原本的曲线形体变成了折线造型。并且通知了甲方对角线高度超越限定。

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必须多说一句,原有高度,商场也只是口头提过和目测过。在建设委员会评估高度之前,专家已经强调从Vorobievy Gory的165米高处看起来,建筑就像树木的残根,一座没有完成的摩天大楼。显然,塔楼看起来并不优雅,甚至于几何造型看起来都不完整。只有当我把这座塔楼设计高度提高50米之后,建筑才充分体现出了他的设计意图和造型冲击。新建筑方案得到了甲方和首席设计师库兹明的肯定,他说只要UNESCO同意,工程可以按照新方案施工。据我所知,"Don-Story"随即把相关文件送达指定地点,并且得到了Paris 和 UNESCO的肯定。

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事实上,我对“House on Mosfilmovskaya”这个项目满怀信心,并且尽我所能保质保量完成。我必须说甲方也总在保证将不惜花费来创造这样一座独一无二棱角分明的建筑。并且不断的获得各种专业奖项也不断验证了“House on Mosfilmovskaya”存在的必要性。

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除此之外,戛纳和威尼斯双年展上也展出了该项目,并且得到了高度肯定,所以毫无疑问我坚信新的摩天大楼建成高度一定会是213米。

俄罗斯莫斯科Pyreva街2号居住综合体/谢尔盖·斯库拉托夫第8张图片

记者:为什么要拆除22层?专家们同意把建筑高度由165米提高到213米吗?
S. Skuratov:坦诚地说,对此我也不清楚。数字其实毫无意义,12层和22层只是数字的不同而已。

俄罗斯莫斯科Pyreva街2号居住综合体/谢尔盖·斯库拉托夫第9张图片

可是讽刺的是,直到现在我没有接到任何书面通知,改建或是拆除。事实上,首席设计师并没有参与争论,这次的讨论只有专家和甲方参与。不过,在"Don Story"看来,这种情况也不算少有,公司经常接到类似问题。

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S. Skuratov:首先,将关注建筑结构。住宅综合体的每部分都是独立基础,如果其中的一个超载或者毁坏,附近连带建筑势必受到影响。建成之后,周边建筑不得不面对变形的尴尬。比例和色彩也会扭曲。毕竟,立面设计主要想体现斜坡式体块构成,有效地连接和融合深色和浅色。如果浅色的顶层被削掉,建筑的色彩看起来势必会显得异常可笑。

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建筑的高度是经过精心计算的——我想做出一座与众不同的摩天大楼,不用使用厚重的顶层设计,并且就设计本身而言,达到了预想的效果。通过浅色屋顶和折回形的大面积玻璃幕,引起了立面设计的共鸣。
拆除顶层将改变原有设计,对于建筑全景而言,将失去地标性的特点,看起来就像没有完成一样。

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俄罗斯莫斯科Pyreva街2号居住综合体/谢尔盖·斯库拉托夫第13张图片


俄罗斯莫斯科Pyreva街2号居住综合体/谢尔盖·斯库拉托夫第14张图片

特别鸣谢翻译一组6号 席岳林提供的翻译,译稿版权归译者所有,转载请注明出处。




Architect:Sergey Skuratov Sergey Skuratov
Firm:Sergey Skuratov architects
Object:Residential complex on street Pyreva, 2 (House at the Mosfilmovskaya street)
Address:Russia. Moscow Street Pyreva, 2
Design Team:Sergey Skuratov, Sergey Nekrasov, Ivan Ilyin, Platon Karpovsky

S. Skuratov: As you know, it is impossible to start a building process without permission documentation in hands in Moscow. " House on Mosfilmovskaya" was authorized and only after there was started building ground development and work on foundation, and then, however, the project was changed. I’ll tell you why. First "DON-Story" wanted to construct two stages of a residential complex, to be exact two identical couples of buildings, consisting of a plate and a tower. There was given a site of need size, calculated and agreed technical and economic performance. But then the client gave up the idea of two stages in favor of one couple of buildings, but unique in its architecture and quality of realization. First the tower was designed twisted, but it would unavoidably involve extraordinary expenses on costs of construction materials, in particular, each façade panel would require producing by unique template. And when the Swedish Malmö there was opened a Turning Torso skyscraper by Santiago Calatrava, “DON- Story” totally gave up the idea of such a complex skyscraper, it would not only be too expensive, but could be seen as a borrowing. I designed a new tower, where replaced the original smooth curve with its geometrized imitation. This diagonal just required a different height and I told the client about it. Must add, the original height was dictated by the Center for landscape and visual analysis, their bewared the new complex would distort the view of Novodevichy Convent. Before the height was criticized by the Architectural Council, the experts fairly noted that in the view of Vorobievy Gory a 165 m would look like a stump, an incomplete skyscraper. Obviously the tower lacked gracefulness, and even geometry and façade plasticity are not enough. And only after I added 50 m more the composition showed in full effect. The new version totally appealed to the client and Alexander Kuzmin, the chief architect, said he would agree only after permission from UNESCO to construct a 200 m high skyscraper (the monastery is under its protection). As far as I know, "Don-Story" immediately sent all the project documents to Paris and UNESCO agreed. Actually I was sure about the future of the “House on Mosfilmovskaya” and just did my best to ensure it was built at the utmost quality. I must say the client always and totally responded sparing no expenses to create an absolutely unique complex. Various professional architectural awards, as well as in the field of commercial estate and development, received by the "House on Mosfilmovskaya” confirm it. Besides the project was successfully exhibited in Cannes and Venice, where it was highly praised, I had no doubt the new skyscraper height (213 meters) raised no questions.
Arhi.ru: Official statements of the authorities there is regularly featured the fact that the size of the object, in particular, its height, were no agreed with the developer before the construction was started. Is it true?
Arhi.ru: Why there are 22 floors for demolishing? Did the authorities take the agreed 165m from 213m?
S. Skuratov: Frankly, I have no idea. Anyway the difference no more than 12 floors. if we are talking about the difference is these figures, it is not more than 12 floors. The irony of the situation is that I have not seen any papers. In fact, the chief project architect is denied from the conflict settlement, it is only between the authorities and the client. However, this is common for "Don Story", this company always takes up all such issues.
Arhi.ru: Will the architecture and structural layout of the building suffer a lot from the partial demolishing?
S. Skuratov: First it will concern the structure of the building. The thing each part of the residential complex (the tower, the “plate” and a low-rise volume between them) has its own foundation and if any of them will be overloaded or undercharged it "pulls" a neighbor. After the completion the building won’t take its position and the neighbor objects will face deformations. Proportions and coloring will considerably distort. After all, the main idea for the façade is a gradient, it is a gradual blend from dark to white, and if the white top will be cut the tower will be irregularly and ridiculously colored. Architecture of this height dominant is elaborately considered - I wanted to make an uncommon skyscraper top without heavy final tectonic touch and after long researches hopefully I succeeded. Mostly it is achieved by the white color of the top and large windows with complex configuration turned toward the plate and resonate with its façade. Demolishing will worsen the situation, in the part of the famous panorama there were no significant marks, and it seemed unfinished.


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