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SICIS为曼谷历史悠久的Sri Mariamman寺庙制作了精美的马赛克
SICIS creates elaborate mosaics in historic Sri Mariamman Temple in Bangkok

由专筑网Cortana,小R编译

马赛克品牌SICIS制作了高度复杂的马赛克艺术品,以取代泰国最古老的印度教神庙的彩画。

SICIS正在曼谷历史最悠久的Sri Mariamman寺庙的内墙和拱顶上安装马赛克,该寺是印度以外世界上最大的印度教圣地。

Dezeen promotion: mosaic tile specialist SICIS is creating highly complex mosaic artworks to replace paintings in Thailand's oldest Hindu shrine.
SICIS is installing mosaics across the interior walls and vaulted ceilings of the historic Sri Mariamman Temple in Bangkok, which is the largest Hindu shrine in the world outside of India.

手工艺人的匠心——曼谷寺庙鬼斧神工的马赛克壁画第1张图片


这些马赛克是对因为时间流逝而慢慢淡化的壁画原作的精确复制,经过精心设计,花费了数年时间才完成。

这些替代品将具有更长的使用寿命,使寺庙文化能够经久不衰。

“马赛克被公认为是一幅永恒的画作,它不会变质,随着时间的推移,它能保持色彩的绚丽和所表现人物的活力。”SICIS说。

Taking years to complete, these mosaics are carefully designed to be precise copies of the original frescoes that have been slowly degrading over the years.
These replacements will have a significantly longer lifespan, allowing the temple to endure for the future.
"The mosaic is recognised as an eternal painting, which does not deteriorate and maintains the splendour of the colours and the vigour of the figures represented over time," said SICIS.

手工艺人的匠心——曼谷寺庙鬼斧神工的马赛克壁画第2张图片


Sri Mariamman寺庙于1879年由Vaithi Padayatchi建造,他是众多为逃避印度殖民统治而来到泰国的泰米尔印度教移民之一。

寺庙由一座六米高的入口塔(称为 "gopura")和三座神圣的建筑组成,主殿供奉着Sri Maha Mariamman,另外两座则供奉着Ganesh和Kartik。

SICIS的任务是使用数字工具和瓷砖工艺的专业技术更换神殿中的所有壁画。

The Sri Mariamman Temple was built in 1879 by Vaithi Padayatchi, one of many Tamil Hindu immigrants that came to Thailand to escape colonial rule in India.
The temple comprises a six-metre-high entrance tower, known as a gopura, and three sacred buildings. The main shrine is dedicated to Sri Maha Mariamman, while the other two pay tribute to Ganesh and Kartik.
The task given to SICIS was to replace all of the frescoes in the temple, using both digital tools and tiling craft expertise.

手工艺人的匠心——曼谷寺庙鬼斧神工的马赛克壁画第3张图片


为了确保马赛克与原作完全一致,艺术家们制作了可以运送到公司位于意大利北部拉文纳的实验室的复制品。

在那里,80多位SICIS的马赛克艺术家共同使用黄金和来自穆拉诺岛的玻璃制成的瓷片,对每一个形状和细节进行精确的配色。

该工艺使用了SICIS的双间接法专利,这是公司总裁Maurizio Placuzzi在20世纪80年代开发的一种高超的马赛克技术。

To ensure the mosaics would be identical to the original artworks, artists created replica paintings that could be transported to the company's laboratories in Ravenna, northern Italy.
There, more than 80 SICIS mosaic artists have worked together to precisely colour match every shape and detail, using tesserae made from gold and Murano glass.
The process involved using the company's patented double indirect method, a highly skilled mosaic technique developed by company president Maurizio Placuzzi in the 1980s.

手工艺人的匠心——曼谷寺庙鬼斧神工的马赛克壁画第4张图片


迄今为止,SICIS已经完成了该项目前两个阶段的工作。在第一阶段,SICIS为寺庙入口处创作了两件艺术品,分别为Sri Maha Mariamman和Shiva的形象,外部也使用了金和金叶马赛克。

最新的一期工程中,寺庙的中央殿堂完成了重修。穹顶上用九尊印度教神像装饰,墙壁和壁龛上则用其他艺术品装饰。

SICIS has so far completed the first two phases of the project. In the first phase, two artworks were created for the temple entrance, in the images of Sri Maha Mariamman and Shiva. Gold and gold leaf mosaic were also applied to the exterior.
The latest phase sees the temple's central nave completed rejuvenated. Nine Hindu deities adorn the vaulted ceiling, while additional artworks decorate the walls and niches.

手工艺人的匠心——曼谷寺庙鬼斧神工的马赛克壁画第5张图片


迄今为止,该项目已经使用了600多万块马赛克瓷砖,所有这些瓷砖都是手工挑选、切割和放置的。在这一过程中所使用的技能与美术或珠宝制作中使用的技能相似。

“马赛克大师们对这些图像进行了重新创作,对人物面部表情、物体和符号的位置进行了精细刻画。”SICIS说。

SICIS预计将至少再花两年时间进行项目的下一阶段工作,该项目将在寺庙的两个侧拱顶上制作20个神像,并在寺庙主殿的底部增加12个微型马赛克。

So far, more than six million mosaic tiles have been used, all of which have been selected, cut and placed by hand. The skills used in this process are similar to those used in fine art or jewellery making.
"The mosaic masters recreated the images, paying maniacal attention to the expressions of the faces, the position of objects and symbols," said SICIS.
SICIS expects to spend at least two more years working on the next phases of the project, which will see 20 deities created on the two side vaults of the temple and 12 micromosaics added to the base of the temple's main nave.

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