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澳大利亚六边展亭
HexBox Canopy / DTC + CodeToProduction

由专筑网小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:六边展亭是个实验项目,它由木材壳体碎片构成,而这些壳体则通过胶合板制作而成,传统来说,拱形空间结构在建筑中一直用作基础的支撑作用,因为可以不使用中央的支柱,而满足大跨度的要求,同时还能减少材料的用量。

Text description provided by the architects. The HexBox Canopy is an experimental segmented timber shell, consisting of prefabricated hexagon-shaped boxes made from plywood plates. Since antiquity, arched spatial structures such as masonry vaults and domes have played a fundamental role in architecture, enabling the covering of wide spans without the use of intermediate supports as well as dramatically reducing the amount of required material.

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其各项优势都十分显著,但是在施工时期,核心构件和模板则十分重要,六边展亭项目探讨了展览空间壳体结构的全新思维方式,开发木材空间的深层特性,并且充分利用智能化几何形态,这种结构也让施工时的支撑部件降至最低,提升预制程度。

Despite the advantages mentioned, the necessity of centering and formwork is an overwhelming drawback during the construction phase. The HexBox Canopy has accomplished the goal of exhibiting new ways of thinking about shell structures, exploiting the intrinsic features of engineered timber as well as taking advantage of smart geometry. This kind of structure minimizes support in the construction phase and allows for a high degree of prefabrication.

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项目的设计目标不仅仅只是一座木结构数字化展览空间,同时也给学生们带来全天候的使用场所,为他们遮风挡雨,也成为休憩的场地。六边展亭通过1531个木材碎片,构成201个盒子空间,其外部壳体完全由胶合板制作而成,并没有为主要的承重结构增加任何金属连接物,因此这个项目的特征也在于各个盒子之间只通过木材而进行联系,它们由主要结构材料切割之后的剩余物件制作而成。

The design aims to devise not only a pavilion that demonstrates the advances of digital timber constructions, but the structure also provides a space for students to use for the entire day, shading them from the sun and rain, and respite from their computers. With 1531 timber segments making up 201 boxes, the HexBox shell is exclusively made of plywood components without the addition of any kind of metal fasteners for the main load-bearing structure. The major novelty is the wood-only connections between the boxes, which are made from the off-cuts produced after cutting the main plates of the structure.

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连接构件的设计灵感来源于传统的榫卯结构,这也是一种传统且智能的手工木材技术,这与高精度的构件不同,榫卯的形态能够在各种情况下将不同的物件进行组装和连接,除此之外,这些结构能够很好地把各个物件结合起来,减少了装配过程中各构件之间的缝隙,而这些缝隙则对于空间的整体精度来说都至关重要。

These connectors are inspired by traditional tusk tenon-and-mortise joints, which is a smart and common method in handcrafted carpentry and cabinetmaking. Rather than attempting highly precise fabricated elements, the diagonal shape of wedges allows for the assembly of boxes even when there are small imperfections. Additionally, these joints gradually pull and force the boxes together, closing gaps between segments that may occur during assembly. The closing of such gaps is, in fact, critical for the overall precision and performance of the structure.

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当遇到一些比较复杂的形态与元素时,手工制作就显得有些吃力,但是,六边展亭项目应用了诸如计算机辅助设计和数字制造等智能技术,需要装配的时候,可以通过集成连接来简化整个过程,其中各种零部件的位置和交接则依据几何形态而定。在这个项目中,构成结构模块的面板通过全新的技术结合在一起,这种技术应用了Lamello Tenso连接设备,这种设备能够简单且安全地连接成百上千的独立接头与部件。在城市的中央,这里距离公园不远,而六边展亭就坐落于此,这是一座粗野主义Wilkinson大楼,其中有建筑设计规划学院的各个功能用房。

When working with a wide variety of shapes and elements, manual drawing and handmade cutting are out of the question. Instead, the HexBox project takes advantage of automated processes such as computational design and digital fabrication techniques. When it comes to the assembly, this can be simplified through integrated joints, where the position and alignment of parts result from their geometry. In the HexBox project, plates consisting of a structural module are glued together using a novel technique exploiting Lamello Tenso connectors that allow for the simple and safe 1K PUR adhesive to connect thousands of miter joints with individual dihedral angles. Right in the heart of Sydney within walking distance of Victoria Park, the HexBox stands on the terrace of the brutalist Wilkinson Building which houses the School of Architecture, Design, and Planning.

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建筑设计:CodeToProduction, DTC
地点:澳大利亚
类型:展亭
面积:45 m2
时间:2019年
摄影:Katherine Lu
制造商:Carter Holt Harvey Plywood, KUKA|prc, Lamello AG Joining Technology, McNeel, OpenNest, Timber Plate Structures (TPS)
设计团队:Enrico Valentino Tagliaboschi, Felix Schmidt-Kleespies
机械工程:PMI Engineers (Thomas Williams)
合作方:Rodney Watt; Lynn Masuda
加工商:The University of Sydney Design Modelling and Fabrication Lab
赞助商:Lamello SA, Carter Holt Harvey Plywood

PAVILION
DARLINGTON, AUSTRALIA
Architects: CodeToProduction, DTC
Area: 45 m2
Year: 2019
Photographs: Katherine Lu
Manufacturers: Carter Holt Harvey Plywood, KUKA|prc, Lamello AG Joining Technology, McNeel, OpenNest, Timber Plate Structures (TPS)
Design Team: Enrico Valentino Tagliaboschi, Felix Schmidt-Kleespies
Engineering: PMI Engineers (Thomas Williams)
Collaborators: Rodney Watt; Lynn Masuda
Fabricator: The University of Sydney Design Modelling and Fabrication Lab
Sponsors: Lamello SA, Carter Holt Harvey Plywood

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