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Transparent Hutong: From Physics to Phenomena / DAGA Architects

城市更新

东四共享际位于北京二环里的胡同区域,是大观建筑改造的第一个胡同项目,原始建筑是一个废弃的酱油厂,现在被改造为了集工作、休闲为一体的联合办公空间。在2019年北京设计周期间,我们在东四共享际所处的东四九条胡同中,展出装置——“透明胡同”,力图将浓缩的胡同生活场景展出,让大众更加的了解城市改造的细节,也激励胡同居民关注自己生活环境的改造,让城市更新更加贴近大众的生活。

Renovation
Dongsi 5Lmeet,located in the Hutong alleyway within Second Ring Road in Beijing, is the first Hutong renovation project of DAGA Architects. The original building was an abandoned soy sauce factory and now is retransformed to a space integrating living and working. During the 2019 Beijing Design Week, we will display our installation – “Transparent Hutong” in Dongsijiutiao Hutong, trying to show the life-like Hutong scenes for people to learn more about the urban renovation details. We also encourage Hutong residents to pay attention to the transformation of their living environment, so they can get closer to the urban renewal.

“透明胡同”实践项目 "Transparent Hutong" Project Practice


透明胡同1号:打磨厂共享际
Transparent Hutong No.1-Grinding Factory 5Lmeet
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透明胡同2号:大小九之家
Transparent Hutong No.2-Twins’ house
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透明胡同3号:透明之家
Transparent Hutong No.1-Transparent house
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透明胡同4号:湘西非遗展厅  
Transparent Hutong No.4- Xiangxi Intangible Cultural Heritage Exhibition Hall
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透明胡同5号:安顺游客接待中心
Transparent Hutong No.5- Anshun Visitor Reception Center

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“透明胡同”装置的灵感来源于近年来大观在城市更新实践中的一些尝试与总结。胡同改造中最大的问题是新建筑与旧建筑的结合问题,以及四合院住宅中采光通风差的问题。为此,我们在将“玻璃盒子”的概念植入老建筑内,通透的玻璃幕墙能保证住宅全天的充足采光,这不仅大大提升小空间的采光效率,还能够最大程度的削弱小空间带来的压抑感。同时,大面积的落地窗能够最大程度的发挥既有建筑作为景观的价值感。玻璃盒子的引入,打破了封闭隔阂的同时将给不同属性的空间带来更多的可能性。从材质属性上来看,光滑剔透的玻璃盒子与古老厚重的青砖灰瓦形成强烈的新老对比,从而隐喻了历史与现代的冲突与共生。

The “Transparent Hutong” installation is inspired by the attempts and summaries of DAGA in urban renewal practice in recent years. The biggest challenges in the Hutong transformation are the combination of new and old buildings, as well as the poor lighting and ventilation in Siheyuan. To solve this problem, we apply the concept of “glass boxes” into the old buildings, using transparent glass curtain walls to ensure adequate lighting throughout the day. It not only greatly improves the lighting efficiency of small space, but also weakens the oppressive feeling to the greatest extent. Meanwhile, large windows can maximize the landscape value of the ancient Hutong buildings. The using of glass box will break the barrier and bring more possibilities to different attributes of spaces. Base on the characteristics of the glass, the box forms a strong contrast with the old bricks, thus metaphorizing the conflict and symbiosis between the historical and modern era.


透明性

柯林罗Colin Rowe在1955年提出了“透明性Transparency”,将绘画里的二维研究延伸到建筑与空间中。透明具有双重性,既可以是一种物理属性,如玻璃材质本身,是一种实体的存在;也可以是一种组织关系,体现在建筑上就是空间之间可以互相渗透,又能保证在视觉上彼此不会影响的情形。“透明”在建筑空间改造中实现了从物理到现象的双重性的体现,透明材质的属性,让新老建筑在历史性层面能够更加融合,在空间上也形成渗透而不破坏的意境。

Transparency
Colin Rowe proposed "Transparency" in 1955, extending the two-dimensional study in painting to architecture and space. Transparency has duality. It can be a physical property, such as the glass material itself, which is the existence of an entity; it can also be an intrinsic property of an organizational relationship, which is reflected in the fact that the space can penetrate each other and can ensure that they do not affect each other visually. "Transparency" realizes the duality of physics and phenomena in the transformation of architectural space. The attributes of transparent materials make the new and old buildings more integrated at the historical level, and also form an infiltration without destroying the artistic conception in space.

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装置的形式为一个可移动的玻璃盒子,随意放置在庭院或者胡同中,可以供人们休憩,观赏胡同风景;也可以移动,在胡同里穿梭,为胡同里的居民提供一种便利的社区公共空间,拉近人与人之间、人与建筑、人与城市之间的距离。

The installation is in the form of a movable glass box. It is randomly  placed in the courtyard or hutong alley, allowing people to relax and enjoy the scenery of the Hutong; It can also can also moved, allowing people to walk shuttled through the Hutong, which provide a convenient community public space for the residents in the Hutong. The installation shorten the distance between people,human and buildings, human and the cities.

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胡同场景 Hutong Scene

▼视频 Video


▼“透明胡同”装置在胡同中的场景 Scenes of The "Transparent Hutong" Installation in The Alley
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“胡同”二字不仅仅是一个建筑类型或者是城市规划的类型,现如今已经逐渐演化为是一种生活方式、文化情怀、甚至是一种对于传统的回忆。胡同承载了很多过去的记忆、现在人们的生活以及对于未来的畅想。胡同生活是一种艺术,人们就像是“自我培养”的建筑师一般,在胡同中发挥着自己的创造力:门口的棋牌室、乘凉处、屋顶的小露台、过道里的小花园,都是胡同居民自己创造与设计的空间。这些空间充满了生活的气息,这里的场景就像是一幅流动着的生活画卷,胡同就是一个“生活博物馆”。

The word “Hutong” is not only a type of building or urban planning, but also a kind of lifestyle, cultural feelings, and even a memory of tradition. The Hutong carries memories of the past, people's current lives and their aspirations for the future. Hutong life is a kind of art. People are like “self-training” architects, putting creativities in Hutong:The chess and card playroom at the gate, the small terrace on the roof and the small garden in the corridor are all spaces designed by the Hutong residents themselves. These spaces are full of scenes of vivid life, which is like a lively picture of life. Hutong is a "museum of life".

▼ 游客与装置的互动 Interaction Between Tourists and Installations
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装置“透明盒子”在胡同中移动,作为整个胡同博物馆的一个展柜,可以展示出胡同居民的生活物件、场景或是一些意外而有趣的事件。玻璃盒子里的“展品”构成了一个动态的博物馆,任何人与物都可以参与其中,博物馆不仅仅可以展示过去,也可以展示现在和未来。玻璃作为一个透明的介质,连接着胡同的过去与现在,也承载着建筑的老旧与未来。

The installation “transparent box” moves around in Hutong as a showcase of the entire Hutong Museum. It presents life objects, scenes or some unexpected and interesting events of Hutong residents. The “exhibits” of the glass box constitute a dynamic museum where anyone and everything can participate. The museum not only shows the past but also the present and the future. As a transparent medium, glass connects the past and present of the Hutong and carries the old and future of the existing building.

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空间现象 Spatial Phenomena

▼装置夜间效果 Installation at Night
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装置在夜晚被灯光照亮,呈现出一个光的盒子,没有任何边界,游客可以在盒子里体验,底部的镜面将空间显得更加的幽深,仿佛人在时空之中,渺小而孤独。一台虚拟的“时光机”,在这里,你会想起过去,也会想到宇宙和未来。

The installation is illuminated by lights at night, presented as a lightbox without any boundaries. Visitors can enter the box and experience the space. The mirror at the bottom makes the space seems deeper, which let people feel small and lonely in time and space. In this virtual "time machine”, you can think of the past, the universe and the future.

▼ 悬挂的盒子 Hanging Box
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▼ 包罗万象的盒子 All-inclusive Box

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装置的底部是不锈钢板,犹如镜面的效果,透过整个玻璃盒子,可以在底部折射出周围环境,呈现出“万花筒”的效果。灯光下的玻璃外框,在顶部的玻璃板上也可以无限反射,这样特殊的视觉透视感,拓展了空间秩序,让材质的物理性借由环境的变化产生了不同的现象性。

The bottom of the installation is a stainless-steel plate, like a mirror. Through the entire glass box, the surrounding environment can be reflected at the bottom, presenting a "kaleidoscope" effect. The glass frame under the light can also be reflected infinitely on the glass plate at the top. This special visual perspective enhances the spatial order, and the physicality of the material produces different phenomena according to the change of the environment.

▼ 行走的盒子 Movable Box
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▼装置分析图 Installation Diagram

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项目信息
项目名称:透明胡同
设计公司:北京大观建筑设计
设计团队:申江海、刘羽、范进铭
项目类型:装置设计
设计时间:2019年7月
建造时间:2019年8月
摄影师:刘羽
视频:范进铭

Project Information
Project Name: Transparent Hutong
Design Company: DAGA Architects
Design Team: Shen Jianghai,Liu Yu,Fan Jinming
Project Type: Installation Design
Date of Design: July 2019
Date of Construction: August 2019
Photographer: Liu Yu
Video: Fan Jinming


来源:本文由北京大观建筑设计提供稿件,所有著作权归属北京大观建筑设计所有。

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