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罗克福德公共学校
Rockford Public School / CannonDesign

由专筑网小R,王雪纯编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:尽管儿童占人口的一大组成部分,但他们基本上没有政治权力,因此他们需要监护人。罗克福德公共学校的设计过程与思路就来源于此。该学校专为学生们而设计。这座建筑就是个小社区。在和学校校长进行沟通的过程中,设计团队了解到该地区会和儿童们共同举行“晨间活动”,这些儿童们有着来自各方面的困难与创伤。这些活动能够帮助孩子们释放负面能量,同时帮助他们吸收新信息,和其他小朋友们一起玩耍共处。

Text description provided by the architects. Children are a segment of the population with essentially zero political power. Any power they do hold is by proxy. The process and resulting solution for Rockford Public Schools’ new K-5 prototype school pivots this dynamic, designing with students rather than for them. This architecture is community. During discovery meetings with the school principal, the design team learned the district holds “morning briefings” with their students, many of whom have disadvantageous, difficult and even traumatic home lives. The briefings are designed to help students release any negative energy they may hold, so they can best take in new information and collaborate with peers throughout the day.

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设计团队在了解到这些“晨间活动”对于孩子们的重要性之后,建筑师们构思了功能空间设计方案,确保孩子们能够在这里得到很好的发展。经过预算与空间限制的考量,设计团队与罗克福德四年级学生共同合作,在建筑的中央设计了大型活动厅。这个活动厅融合了学校的体育馆、餐厅、艺术空间、图书馆,及其他公共功能,让“晨间活动”提供场所。

Recognizing the importance of these “morning briefings” with students, our team identified a need for more programmatic space to ensure they could occur and students could best thrive. Balancing budget and space constraints, the design team in collaboration with Rockford 4th grade students designed a covered town hall at the center of the building. The town hall unites the school’s gymnasium, cafeteria, art spaces, library and other public spaces while providing a home for the briefings.

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中央活动厅有着适合不同年龄儿童学习的空间,包括幼儿园、一年级、二年级、三年级、四年级,以及五年级。学生们也参与了设计过程,因此建筑师并没有应用诸如长走廊、固定教室设施等传统方式,起而代之的是更加现代且开放的设计理念。设计概念成为了建筑的核心,同时强调了社区的整体氛围。在罗克福德K-5原型学校的案例中,整体的概念得到了利益最大化。

The central town hall is surrounded by grade-level learning communities specifically designed to the needs of the distinct age groupings: kindergarten, first and second, third and fourth and fifth grades. As a result of engaging students in the design process, the school moves away from traditional features - such as long corridors and fixed, immovable classroom objects that inhibit interaction and skill development - to embrace a more open village design concept. This concept creates hubs for connection throughout the building and enhances a sense of community. In the case of the Rockford K-5 prototype school, the whole is truly greater than the sum of its parts.

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孩子们被这个又能学习又能玩耍的建筑深深地吸引。整个项目似乎在回应着这样一个事实,即在86000平方英尺(约7890平方米)的空间中,高效地利用空间也许是一件困难的事。设计团队受到了儿童绘画的影响,因此构思了独特的活动空间,甚至没有遮挡来自街道的视野,有效地消除了封闭感。每个空间都有着特别的几何形窗户,通过色彩进行区分功能,让孩子们更好地在整个大空间中了解每个功能区域。

The architecture engages children directly, at once both stimulating and educational. It inherently responds to the reality that entering kindergarten - in this case an 86,000 SF building - can be a remarkably difficult transition and intimidating experience. Influenced by the drawings of children, the design team created unique kindergarten spaces that are visible from the street to help eliminate any intimidation. Each space has unique geometric windows with different colors that break the scale of the school down to the one room schoolhouse, allowing kindergarten students to understand their space in the larger community.

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窗户靠近楼层而设置,让孩子们能去充分感知周边世界。几何设计策略让孩子们一边玩耍一边学习。其中还有一些集成家具,让孩子们能够更好地了解到虚与实之间的物理关系。这种空间设施对于他们的成长来说不可或缺。在这样的学习社区之中,柔软的可移动家具可以让孩子们自由地推拉放置。他们会在这里合作、社交、体验,感受每一天的乐趣。

The windows, installed near floor level, are irresistible to the kindergartners, beckoning them to engage with the world around them. This geometric strategy extends to other spaces throughout the building where students learn while playing. With integrated furniture, the students learn mass and void relationships in the physical world. This spatial reasoning is essential for their development. In the learning communities, the soft, moveable furniture is designed to be pushed, pulled, and repositioned any way the students desire. Their collaboration, community, and experience is remade by them each day.

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最后,整座建筑的设计呼应了美国伊利诺伊州罗克福德的社区感。建筑师以社区的农业与工业设施为基础,将整个空间划分为小型功能区域,表达了学生们对于场所与建筑的理解。就宏观而言,建筑可以分为历史、社区、文化类别,而就微观而言,则可以分为人物个体、认知发展、学习风格等类别,因此,设计团队将学生们和社区整合成为了一个全新的整体。

Finally, the architecture of the whole is designed to reflect the larger community of Rockford, Illinois. Drawing on the community’s agrarian and industrial roots, the 86,000-sf facility is broken down into smaller, identifiable masses, reflecting the student’s understanding of architecture and place. Looking at both the macro (history, community, culture) and the micro (postures, cognitive development, learning styles) the design team synthesized a new prototype for both the students and the community.

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建筑设计:CannonDesign
地点:美国,伊利诺伊州,罗克福德
类别:学校
主创建筑师:Darren Poon, Eric Wyszkowski
设计负责人:Robert Benson
面积:86000.0 平方英尺(约7890平方米)
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Robert Benson, Christopher Barrett
制造商:Draper, HUFCOR, Tandus Centiva, Sunflex, McNeel, Autodesk
项目指导:Stuart Brodsky
机械工程:Keith Hammelman, Javier Madrigal
电力工程:John Economou, Kassam Masters, Sarah Bower
灯光设计:Raisa Shigol
管道/防火设施:Andrew Grabowski
结构设计:Justin Holmes
造价估算:Mike Hepp, Bill Grill, Gerry Horner, Bryan Knapp
其他建筑团队成员:Geoff Walters, Ronald Harrison, Marion Lawson, Keri VanSant, Mary Cavanaugh, Sanja Kuntz, Raquel Morales, Nicole Wiznitzer, Christopher Defosset
其他工程团队成员:Pedro Tenorio, Tasnim Tanveer

Architects: CannonDesign
Location: Rockford, Illinois, United States
Category: Schools
Architecture: Darren Poon, Eric Wyszkowski
Design Principal: Robert Benson
Area: 86000.0 ft2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Robert Benson, Christopher Barrett
Manufacturers: Draper, HUFCOR, Tandus Centiva, Sunflex, McNeel, Autodesk
Project Director: Stuart Brodsky
Mechanical Engineering: Keith Hammelman, Javier Madrigal
Electrical Engineering: John Economou, Kassam Masters, Sarah Bower
Lighting Design: Raisa Shigol
Plumbing/Fire Protection: Andrew Grabowski
Structural Design: Justin Holmes
Cost Estimating: Mike Hepp, Bill Grill, Gerry Horner, Bryan Knapp
Additional Architecture Team Members: Geoff Walters, Ronald Harrison, Marion Lawson, Keri VanSant, Mary Cavanaugh, Sanja Kuntz, Raquel Morales, Nicole Wiznitzer, Christopher Defosset
Additional Engineering Team Members: Pedro Tenorio, Tasnim Tanveer

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