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集装箱高中——罗斯基勒音乐节的专属学校第1张图片


Roskilde Festival Folk High School / MVRDV + COBE

由专筑网王雪纯,李韧编译

由建筑事务所的描述:罗斯基勒音乐节民众高中与世界著名的罗斯基勒音乐节有密切的关系,每年音乐节举办的时候,这座位于哥本哈根郊区的小镇就摇身一变成了丹麦第四大城市。此学校是丹麦民众高中制度的典型例子,它遵循“终身学习”的概念,提供“非正规的成人教育”。该制度来源于19世纪丹麦知识分子N.F.S. Grundtvig,他认为,学校应该鼓励学生积极参与社会活动。罗斯基勒音乐节高中的课程持续4到10个月,此期间学生和老师一起住在学校,达到完全沉浸在课程中的效果。罗斯基勒音乐节高中是丹麦50年来第一所专门为节日建造的学校,旨在通过音乐、媒体、领导力、政治、艺术、建筑和设计等课程进一步提升罗斯基勒音乐节的价值。

Text description provided by the architects. The Roskilde Festival Folk High School is closely linked to the world-famous Roskilde Music Festival, which every year temporarily turns this small town on the outskirts of Copenhagen into the fourth- largest city in Denmark. The school is an example of the Danish system of folk high schools, which deliver a “non-formal adult education” following the concept of “lifelong learning”. This system is based on the ideas of 19th-century Danish intellectual N.F.S. Grundtvig, who believed schools should educate their students to be active participants in society. Courses at Roskilde Festival High School last between 4–10 months, with students and teachers living together at the school to achieve total immersion in their education. The Roskilde Festival High School is the first purpose-built school of this type in Denmark in 50 years and aims to further the values of the Roskilde Festival through courses in music, media, leadership, politics, art, architecture, and design.

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该学校的规划包括一座混凝土工厂改造的教学楼、两栋全新的学生宿舍楼、一座容纳学校工作人员的办公楼,以及一条适应性强的装运集装箱廊道,其中能容纳活动的各团队,许多团队都与音乐和青年文化有关。这些新建成的建筑成为Ragnarock博物馆的背景形态,这座建筑于2016年完工,这些背景建筑也为博物馆构成了韵律感与能量感。

The full plan for the site includes the school, housed in a former concrete factory, two new blocks of student housing, a building housing the school’s staff, and a strip of adaptable shipping-container- based structures that will host an ever-changing group of innovative startups – many with connections to music and youth culture. These newly completed buildings will now act as the backing group to the “lead singer” Ragnarock museum which was completed in 2016, providing rhythm and energy to complement the museum’s singular charisma.

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“就像学校本身一样,我们的设计灵感来自罗斯基勒音乐节的精神。”MVRDV的主要负责人兼联合创始人Jacob van Rijs表示,“灵感完全来源于音乐、艺术、行动主义。但最重要的是自由。罗斯基勒音乐节以自由的方式结合美好时光与创新,这给学校内部设计带来特别的氛围。”

“Our design, just like the school itself, was inspired by the spirit of the Roskilde Festival. It is all about music, art, activism – but most of all, freedom,” says Jacob van Rijs, principal and co-founder of MVRDV. “The Roskilde festival combines ‘having a good time’ with innovation in an informal way, giving a special vibe that we wanted to capture in the design of the interior of the school.”

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学校本身位于一座旧混凝土工厂内,建筑事务所重新使用原有的柱子和屋顶等构件,只更换了墙壁和内部。该设计基于“盒中盒”概念,彩色模块填充类似仓库的主楼的外壳,所有模块围绕从建筑物的一侧切割到另一侧的中央空间。沿着这条路人们便能来到一座木制礼堂,这是学校的核心。

The school itself is housed in a former concrete factory, reusing the original structure’s columns and roof but replacing the walls and interior. The design is based upon a “box-in-a-box” concept: colourful modules fill the warehouse-like shell of the main building, all arranged around a central spine cutting from one side of the building to the other. Alongside this route is a wooden tribune that acts as the communal heart of the school.

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这些空间拥有各种不同的功能,比如150人礼堂、音乐工作室、舞蹈室、艺术和建筑教室。其中主要分为三个功能区域,第一区是表现人对思想的追求,包括写作、思考、辩论和领导力,第二区则专注于学生对身体的使用,包括舞蹈和音乐,而第三区则主要针对手部活动,包括视觉艺术、建筑和设计。

The boxes host a variety of different functions including an auditorium for 150 people, a music studio, a workshop, and classrooms for dance, art, and architecture. These functions are arranged into three zones: some host pursuits of the mind, including writing, thinking, debate, and leadership; others are focused on students’ use of their bodies, including dance and music functions, while the third zone hosts activities focused on the hand, including visual arts, architecture, and design.  

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两栋学生宿舍楼以简单的工业美学与场地的特色相得益彰。它们由金属外壳的木结构构成,有着集装箱的外观,两栋宿舍楼通过外部钢制走道连接至每个楼层。在内部,一至两名学生共用一个房间,每个楼层中央都设置了明亮的公共空间。

The two blocks of student housing complement the character of the site with their simple, industrial aesthetic. They are constructed from modules of wood structure sheathed in metal, evoking the appearance of shipping containers, and the two blocks are connected on each level by an external steel walkway. Inside, each student shares a room with one or two of their classmates, with rooms on each floor arranged around a bright communal space.

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罗斯基勒音乐节民众中学及其校园是丹麦摇滚博物馆11,000㎡总体规划中的重要节点,博物馆所在区域旨在为丹麦蓬勃发展的青年文化创造鼓舞人心的中心。该总体规划包括学校、学生公寓和摇滚博物馆ROCK Magneten(2016年完工),这是青年文化的一种表现形式,其金色铝制外观引人注目。摇滚博物馆的户外空间将很快成为年轻人的重要非正式聚会场所,特别是在每年为期8天的罗斯基勒节期间。

The Roskilde Festival Folk High School and its campus are the culmination of the 11,000-square- metre masterplan ROCKMagneten, a district designed to create an inspiring hub for the flourishing youth culture of Denmark. The plan consists of the school, the student apartments and the rock museum Ragnarock (completed in 2016), which is an expression of youth culture with its striking façade of gold-coloured aluminium. The outdoor space of ROCKMagneten will soon become an important informal meeting place for young people, especially in June during the annual 8-day Roskilde Festival.

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建筑事务所:COBE, MVRDV
地点:丹麦,罗斯基勒
项目类别:高级中学
建筑设计:MVRDV + COBE
建筑负责人:Jacob van Rijs
合作负责人:Fokke Moerel
面积:5578.0 m2
项目时间:2019年
摄影:Ossip van Duivenbode, Rasmus Hjortshøj - COAST
MVRDV项目驻场团队:Aser Giménez Ortega, Julius Kirchert, Samuel Delgado
MVRDV设计团队:Aser Giménez Ortega, Mette Rasmussen, Emilie Koch, Julius Kirchert, Mateusz Wojcieszek, Samuel Delgado, Gerard Heerink, Andrei-Docu Predescu, Kalina Pilat, Klara Andersson
MVRDV竞赛团队:Klaas Hofman, Sara Bjelke, Rune Veile, Francesca Bechhi, Nas Alkhaldi, Sara Impera
COBE设计团队:Dan Stubbergaard, Thomas Krarup, Eik Bjerregaard, Caroline Krogh Andersen, Sonia Bom, Marine Pierson. Jens Kert Wagner, Mikkel Reedtz Morris, Christian Sander, Clement Bue Maali, Milan Milenkovski, Mads Lützen, Simon Engberg Christensen, Morten Andersen, Anis Souissi, Marine Pierson, Tenna Buus Rasmussen, Tamara Kalanajevska, Daniella N. Eskildsen, Jannis Bruns, Arvydas Gasparavicius, Gianluigi D'Aloisio, Jonas Snedevind Nielsen, Jonas Søndergaard
景观设计:LIW Planning and Kragh & Berglund
工程结构& MEP:Norconsult
承包商:B. Nygaard Sørensen
可持续工程:Transsolar
防火工程:Alectia
声学设计:Gade & Mortensen
工程造价:COBE/MVRDV/Norconsult

Architects: COBE, MVRDV
Location: 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Category: High School
Architect: MVRDV + COBE
Architect in Charge: Jacob van Rijs
Partner in Charge: Fokke Moerel
Area: 5578.0 m2
Project Year: 2019
Photographs: Ossip van Duivenbode, Rasmus Hjortshøj - COAST
Project Execution Team (MVRDV): Aser Giménez Ortega, Julius Kirchert, Samuel Delgado
Design Team (MVRDV): Aser Giménez Ortega, Mette Rasmussen, Emilie Koch, Julius Kirchert, Mateusz Wojcieszek, Samuel Delgado, Gerard Heerink, Andrei-Docu Predescu, Kalina Pilat, Klara Andersson
Competition Team (MVRDV): Klaas Hofman, Sara Bjelke, Rune Veile, Francesca Bechhi, Nas Alkhaldi, Sara Impera
Design Team (COBE): Dan Stubbergaard, Thomas Krarup, Eik Bjerregaard, Caroline Krogh Andersen, Sonia Bom, Marine Pierson. Jens Kert Wagner, Mikkel Reedtz Morris, Christian Sander, Clement Bue Maali, Milan Milenkovski, Mads Lützen, Simon Engberg Christensen, Morten Andersen, Anis Souissi, Marine Pierson, Tenna Buus Rasmussen, Tamara Kalanajevska, Daniella N. Eskildsen, Jannis Bruns, Arvydas Gasparavicius, Gianluigi D'Aloisio, Jonas Snedevind Nielsen, Jonas Søndergaard
Landscape Architects: LIW Planning and Kragh & Berglund
Engineering Structure & MEP: Norconsult
Contractor: B. Nygaard Sørensen
Engineering- sustainability: Transsolar
Engineering- fire: Alectia
Acoustics: Gade & Mortensen
Costing: COBE/MVRDV/Norconsult

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