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雪山蜃景——阿尔卑斯山的镜像房屋第1张图片


Doug Aitken's mirrored Mirage house installed in Swiss alps

由专筑网王雪纯,李韧编译

美国艺术家Doug Aitken在瑞士格施塔德积雪覆盖的群山中建造了一座牧场式房屋。

这座通体由镜面覆盖的建筑名为“Mirage”,因为它反射周围的景观并消失在背景中。

该建筑将在这里保留两年,“在不断变化的季节中与山地景观相互作用”。

American artist Doug Aitken has installed a ranch-style house clad in mirrors in the snow-covered mountains of Gstaad, Switzerland.
The single-storey Mirage structure, so called because it reflects the surrounding landscape and disappears into it, is covered top-to-bottom in mirrors.
The structure will remain in its mountain location for two years "reflecting and interacting with the mountain landscape over the changing seasons".

雪山蜃景——阿尔卑斯山的镜像房屋第2张图片


“这里完全极简,它去掉了所有的颜色和定义。只剩白茫茫,覆盖着积雪。”Aitken告诉Dezeen记者。

“随着季节的变化,游客可以随时回归,无论在秋季的风雨中或在夏季的绿色牧场中。艺术随着生活变化而变化。”

游客可以自由探索具有开放式门的镜面结构。内部同样镜像化,游客进入建筑时,能产生万花筒般的折射效果。

"Right now it's completely minimal, removed of all colour and definition. It's a whiteout, covered in a blanket of snow right now," Aitken told Dezeen.
"The viewer can come back to the piece as the seasons are changing, in fall in a storm or in the summer when it's a green pasture. As our lives change the artwork is shifting with us."
Visitors can freely explore the mirrored structure, which has an open door. The interior is also mirrored to create a kaleidoscopic refracted effect on entering the house.

雪山蜃景——阿尔卑斯山的镜像房屋第3张图片


该建筑以20世纪20年代和30年代开发的加利福尼亚牧场房屋为蓝本,将现代主义建筑师赖特的设计思维与美国西部的传统牧场建筑融为一体。

在棕榈泉外的沙漠、底特律一家前国有银行内,Aitken都设计建造了这座建筑。每次设计时,他都对结构的角度进行了轻微的光学调整。

根据Aitken的说法,“通用”风格在20世纪的美国郊区房屋中很常见。因此他决定在阿尔卑斯山中也建造此类建筑,并且应用简单的形态,而非异族风情。

同时,建筑的形态也说明了低洼的阿尔卑斯山建筑同样可以承受大雪的侵袭。

The structure is modelled on the Californian ranch houses developed in the 1920s and 1930s that incorporated the ideas of modernist architect Frank Lloyd Wright with the traditional ranch houses of the American West.
Aitken has previously installed Mirage in the desert outside Palm Springs in 2017 and inside a former state bank in Detroit last year. He made slight optical adjustments to the angles of the structure each time it has been erected.
According to Aitken the "utterly generic" style is familiar as the archetypal 20th-century suburban house in the US.For this installation he decided to "embrace the banal as opposed to looking at the regional as exotic," by installing the same style of house in the Alps.
However, here the shape also reflects that of low-lying Alpine buildings, built to withstand heavy snow.

雪山蜃景——阿尔卑斯山的镜像房屋第4张图片


阿尔卑斯山的房屋往往都在夏天修建,但是Aitken和他的团队在冬季的三个月内将这座建筑施工完成。

与底特律需要使用人造光来引导建筑外观的情况不同,在阿尔卑斯山,艺术家依靠自然光线和不断变化的天气来照亮作品。

Alpine houses tend to be built in the summer, but Aitken and his team brought the Gstaad house to its location in pieces over the course of three winter months.
Unlike the Detroit installation where artificial light was used to direct how the structure was seen, in the Alpine location, the artist relies on natural light and changing weather to illuminate the piece.

雪山蜃景——阿尔卑斯山的镜像房屋第5张图片


“这项工作是周围景观的总和。当你想到艺术时,你经常会想到一些更加坚固的东西,但这座建筑有着自主的运动方式,它如同变色龙般存在。”Aitken解释。

该装置属于Frequencies艺术表演,该表演于2019年2月1日至3日在格施塔德举行,由Neville Wakefield和Olympia Scarry策划。

Frequencies是第三届盛事,此次活动主题为“Elevation 1049”,前两届分别于2014年和2017年举办。

摄影:Stefan Altenburger,版权:Doug Aitken

"The work really is the sum of the landscape around it. When you think of art you often think of something much more solid, but Mirage moves in an autonomous way," explained Aitken. "It changes in an almost chameleon-like form."
The installation forms part of Frequencies, a site-specific set of art performances that run from 1 to 3 February 2019 in Gstaad, curated by Neville Wakefield and Olympia Scarry.
Frequencies is the third iteration of the event, called Elevation 1049, following editions in 2014 and 2017.
Photography is by Stefan Altenburger, courtesy of Doug Aitken.

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