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体育的盛宴,运动者的狂欢第1张图片


美国Louis Armstrong运动场
Louis Armstrong Stadium / ROSSETTI

由专筑网李韧,邢子编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:Louis Armstrong运动场位于Billie Jean King国家网球中心内,其中设置有14069个座椅,建筑有着创新的空气流动设计,同时能够防止雨水进入观众区和运动区。这是世界上第一座能够自然通风,且具有可伸缩屋顶的网球场。

Text description provided by the architects. The new 14,069-seat Louis Armstrong Stadium, located inside the Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, features an innovative design that encourages air flow through the stadium while keeping rain off spectators and the court, making it the first naturally ventilated tennis stadium with a retractable roof in the world.  

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美国网球协会(United States Tennis Association——USTA)希望体育场拥有良好的采光,并且尽量开放,为了满足这些需求,ROSSETTI事务所的建筑师们便设计了这座Louis Armstrong运动场。建筑看起来就像是一个巨型碗,但是能够自然通风,并且有着可操控的屋顶。该项目的独特之处在于,即使在风雨天气,比赛也能照常进行。在运动场的一侧,其立面上覆盖着14250片重叠的陶土百叶,既能够遮挡风雨,同时还能保证空气的流通。由于百叶窗的设计,自然通风能够穿过建筑的上部,并且避免雨水进入室内,还能遮挡过于强烈的阳光。建筑师还利用了赤土色材料,呼应了传统的砖石建筑,并且将这种材料以现代的方式表达出来。

The vision of the United States Tennis Association (USTA) was for the stadium to host tennis matches in an open, day-lit outdoor environment, as much as possible, and provide weather protection only when necessary. In keeping with this vision, ROSSETTI designed Louis Armstrong Stadium with an operable roof as well as a naturally ventilated bowl. The design offers a unique solution that is true to the outdoor nature of the tournament by allowing play to continue during rain. On each side of the stadium, the facades are covered with 14,250 overlapping terracotta louvers, optimally positioned to keep rain out, while remaining air permeable to maintain natural ventilation. The louvers allow air flow through the upper part of the building on the north and south elevations while protecting the court from the rain and shading spectators from the sun. The terra cotta material was chosen to contextually relate to the traditional brick buildings on the site while using the material in a new way.

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这座运动场有着穿孔碗状结构,这让空气能够从下部进入空间内部,从而围绕着各个座位。广场层最大程度地开放,让使用者能够从不同方向进入建筑内部。该项目经过了多方面的研究、计算机模型推敲、风道测试,使之能够符合不同的天气模式、风向、阵雨等状况。因此这座运动场也正在进行LEED认证。

The design of the stadium uses a perforated seating bowl that allows air to pass through underground air pathways and into the lowermost seating. The concourse levels are designed to be open around the entire perimeter to allow for maximum airflow into the stadium from all sides and into the spectator areas. Multiple studies, computational models and wind tunnel tests were conducted to understand weather patterns, wind direction and wind driven rain. The stadium is on track for LEED certification.

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USTA与ROSSETTI事务所完成了为期十年的构想,他们希望这里能够举办大规模的运动盛宴,在2018年的美国网球公开赛中,Louis Armstrong运动场发挥了极大的功能,同时其公共区域也得以改善。

The USTA and ROSSETTI completed the 10-year vision plan to re-imagine the entire campus as a sports spectacle with the culmination of Louis Armstrong Stadium and the finalization of other public realm improvements at the 2018 US Open.  

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建筑设计:ROSSETTI
地点:美国,纽约
主创建筑师:Matt Rossetti, Jon Disbrow, David Richards, Andrew Rudnycky
面积:286000.0 m2
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Rafael Gamo
制造商:Irwin Seating, Saint Gobain, Sherwin Williams, NBK Architectural Terracotta, Reider
机械工程:Bruin Engineering
景观设计:RGR Landscape
顾问:AVVIT Consulting
客户:美国网球协会

Architects: ROSSETTI
Location: Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, Queens, NY, United States
Lead Architects: Matt Rossetti, Jon Disbrow, David Richards, Andrew Rudnycky
Area: 286000.0 m2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Rafael Gamo
Manufacturers: Irwin Seating, Saint Gobain, Sherwin Williams, NBK Architectural Terracotta, Reider
Engineering: Bruin Engineering
Landscape: RGR Landscape
Consulting: AVVIT Consulting
Client: United States Tennis Association

        
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