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数字化技术——共享生活的必备武器第1张图片


数字化是共享生活的成功要素
Digital technology essential to success of co-living, says Space10

由专筑网吴静雅,李韧编译

根据宜家创新实验室Space10的研究,区块链、3D打印等其他数字技术是共享住宅模型飞速发展的关键。

在一份名为《想象:探索共享生活的美好新世界》的报告中,总部位于哥本哈根的工作室宣称,数字平台和设备对于共享生活的普及性至关重要,而这能够影响全球住房危机。

Space10的联合创始人Simon Caspersen解释说:“数字平台可以帮助挑战当今整个住宅行业。”

“我们目前的答案似乎不够充分,并且也有些过时, 毕竟,目前关于住房的争论集中在住宅的建造方法之中。尽管这很重要,但我们也需要认真思考创新的生活方式,把挑战转化为机遇。”

共享经济为共享生活奠定基础

该报告列出了四个标准,声称这些标准可以帮助共享生活模式得到更广泛的采用,数字技术就是其中之一。

其小标题为“移动数字工具”,报告指出,数字技术可以改变共享生活发展的设计、建设和管理趋势。

Blockchain, 3D printing and other digital technologies are key to making shared housing models take off, according to research by IKEA's innovation lab Space10.
In the report Imagine: Exploring the Brave New World of Shared Living, the Copenhagen-based studio states that digital platforms and devices are essential to making co-living widespread enough to impact the global housing crisis.
"Digital platforms can help challenge the entire housing industry of today," explained Space10 co-founder Simon Caspersen.
"Our current answers seem insufficient and outdated; after all, the housing debate is currently narrowly focused on finding ways to build more homes," he told Dezeen. "As important as that is, we also need to think hard about new ways of living and turn our challenges into opportunities."

Sharing economy lays foundations for co-living
The report sets out four criteria that it claims can help co-living models become more widely adopted. Digital technology is one of them.
Under the heading Mobilise Digital Tools, it states that digital technology can transform the design, construction and management of co-living developments.

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报告称:“共享经济的兴起表明,人们愿意分享的东西比我们想象的要多/"The rise of the sharing economy suggests that people are ready to share more than we thought" says the report

“技术可以帮助实现共享生活。”

“ 共享经济的兴起表明,人们愿意分享的东西比我们想象的要多,而且还有更大的利用潜力。”

更具体地说,在设计和建筑行业,一波全新的机遇也在酝酿之中。从增强现实到社区配对,其中有很多有趣的可能性。

数字应用程序支持共享生活

研究表明,区块链技术为设计和生产合同提供了一种新的方式,而“制造商空间和fab lab运动”可以为更本地化、定制的生产形式铺平道路。

例如,埃因霍温科技大学(Eindhoven University of Technology)的3D打印租房项目,以及开源建筑先驱——Wikihouse。

这项研究还发现了一系列支持共享生活的现有数字应用程序。这其中包括鼓励鼓励共享住房使用者之间交流的Borigo,以及由三个应用程序组成的平台Omni,它可以为人们提供日常使用的共享物件。

"Technology can help enable shared living," reads the report.
"The rise of the sharing economy suggests that people are ready to share more than we thought – and that there is a bigger potential still to be harnessed," it says.
"And, speaking more specifically about the design and construction industries, a wave of new tools and opportunities are also in the making. From augmented reality to community-matchmaking processes, there are some interesting possibilities."

Digital apps support shared living
The research suggests that blockchain technology offers a new way to design and produce contracts, while the "makerspace and fab lab movement" could pave the way for more local, custom-made forms of production.
Examples include a project by Eindhoven University of Technology to 3D print housing for rent and open-source construction pioneer Wikihouse.
The research also identifies a range of existing digital apps that support shared living. These include Borigo, which encourages people living in shared housing to communicate, and Omni, a three-app platform that enables a sharing economy for occasionally used possessions such as bicycles and vacuum cleaners.

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数字平台和设备可以改变共享生活的设计、建设和管理/It suggests that digital platforms and devices can transform the design, construction and management of co-living developments

报告称,这些技术加在一起有可能扰乱房地产市场,尽管在这之前还需要进一步开发和推广。

“从整体上看,新工具和数字服务可以改变社区的设计、规划和运营,还可以用于开发更多共享的生活项目。”

“然而,在我们意识到它们的潜力之前,还有很长的路要走。我们需要推动这些技术及其应用在金融、设计、建设和运营领域的发展,以及潜在社区的发展。”

到2050年,城市的容量必须翻一番

Imagine于10月12日在Space10网站上发布,可免费下载。

它被组织成两个部分:第一章探讨了共享生活的必要原因,而第二章则提出了使共享生活系统运作的指导方针。

Caspersen说,这项研究是基于这样一种理解,即世界上的城市空间需要增加近一倍才能容纳到2050年预计的25亿人口。

The report claims that, together, these technologies have the potential to completely disrupt the housing market – although they need to be further developed and promoted before this will happen.
"Viewed together, the list of new tools and digital services can change the design, planning and operation of communities – and can be used to develop more shared living projects," says the report.
"However, there is a long way to go before we realise their potential. We need to push the technologies and their applications forward in the world of finance, design, construction and operations, as well as potential communities in the making."

Cities must double in capacity by 2050
Imagine was released on Space10's website on 12 October and is available to download for free.
It is organised into two sections: the first chapter explores why shared living is necessary, while the second sets out guidelines for making co-living systems work. There is also an accompanying podcast series.
According to Caspersen, the research is based on the understanding that the world's cities need to almost double in size to accommodate the influx of people expected by 2050 – more than 2.5 billion are predicted.

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例如一个由埃因霍温科技大学的项目——3D打印租房项目/Examples include a project by Eindhoven University of Technology to 3D print housing for rent

他解释说:“这意味着我们需要在未来35年里每隔一个月就建设一座纽约大小的城市,这不现实。”

“随着空间越来越稀缺,住房成本不断上升,数十亿人可能难以在未来的城市中找到合适的经济住所。” 他补充说。

“该报告和播客的共同目的是鼓励人们重新思考未来城市、未来社区、未来家园的设计方式,从而提高人们的生活质量,解决人们将在新城市中面临的一些紧迫挑战。”

设计师越来越多地促进共享生活

Space10成立于2015年,是宜家(IKEA)的一个分支部门,旨在研究未来人们在城市的生活方式。从那以后,工作室发布了一系列创新项目,其中有未来的食物和移动设备。

该工作室去年首次披露了其关于共享生活的研究,并推出了一个网站,用于研究和开发未来共享生活空间的概念。

它不是唯一一个提倡共享生活的设计工作室。Weave工作室最近出版了一份出版物,表达了这种模式的可行性,而Architizer工作室的联合创始人Matthias Hollwich则将共享生活作为一种退休新方法来推广。

"This means we need to build a city the size of New York every second month for the next 35 years, which is not realistic," he explained.
"And with space becoming scarcer and the cost of housing rising, billions of people could struggle to find an adequate and affordable place to live in our future cities," he added.
"Together the publication and podcast aim to inspire people to rethink how we design our future cities, future neighbourhoods and future homes in order to improve our quality of life and tackle some of the pressing challenges we'll face in our new urban realities."

Designers increasingly promoting co-living
Space10 was set up in 2015 as an offshoot of IKEA, to research how people will live in cities in the future. Since then the studio has released a range of innovative projects, from futuristic food to a vision for mobile facilities.
The studio first revealed its research into co-living last year, with the launch of a website for researching and developing concepts for future shared living spaces.
It is not the only design studio promoting shared living. Studio Weave recently authored a publication revealing that the model can appeal to a wide range of demographics, while Architizer co-founder Matthias Hollwich is promoting co-living as a new approach to retirement.

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