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一个像家一样的广场|瑞典Brotorget广场第1张图片

Brotorget-by Karavan landskapsarkitekter

由专筑网王帅,蒋晖编译

无论春夏秋冬,Bollnäs市(瑞典城市)的Brotorget广场是一个让人有归属感的地方,是一个可以与老朋友相遇的地方,也是一个为年轻人和老人提供温暖的地方。在最近Bollnäs市中心的Brotorget广场和邻近街道翻新设计的竞标中,Karavan景观设计事务所凭借“城市之心”的设计方案顺利中标。在招标过程中,为了征服评审团,该景观事务所展示了其对“城市中心与乡村特色之间联系”的卓越理解。他们的设计方案将当代、近期和过去的城市意识区分为可持续性、无障碍和安全这几个部分。这一提案使Brotorget广场成为一个城市最有吸引力的会面场所。

Karavan: The city of Bollnäs’ new Brotorget is a place to come home to, a place to meet or just be, and a place with a feeling of home with warmth for the young and the old, summer or winter. Karavan won the tender with the ”Heart of Bollnäs” proposal in a recent call for a new design for Brotorget and the adjacent streets in downtown Bollnäs. To cite the jury’s decision, the proposal showed a superior understanding of ”the city center with a strong connection to the countryside identity and individuality. The proposal distinguishes the urban sense of the contemporary, the near term and the past as sustainability, accessibility, and safety. The proposal makes Brotorget the kind of attractive meeting place an city square ought to be”.

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广场及邻近街道的设计包括了活动和其目的地,这一灵感来源于五颜六色的乡村传统的舒适角落。改建后无论何时,Brotorget广场都成为这个城市的中心。Brotorget广场建立在一个开放和灵活的空间内,它可以为一些小商贩动、甚至是音乐会,讲座和表演提供场所。高大的植物和树木分散在座位之间并且散落在广场的内部。

The idea for the design of the square and adjacent streets was to encompass activities and destinations formed with inspiration from the colorful rural traditions here in the very cozy nook of home. Brotorget is reborn as the heart of the city, the place to be anytime there’s nothing on and every time there’s something on. Brotorget is based on an open and flexible surface with capacity for such activities as vendors and craft merchants, concerts, lectures, performances, and events. Rows of young birch trees will buffer Brotorget from the traffic of Nygatan, while still allowing for contact with all of the facades about the square. Dispersed among the seating areas, perennials and trees line the inner sides of the square.

一个像家一样的广场|瑞典Brotorget广场第4张图片

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广场地板的图案来源于Hälsingland传统的花边刺绣,它明确的宣布了广场的身份,反映了广场作为集会场所的重要性。Brotorget广场是一个人群聚集的热闹场所,在广场阳光最充足的地方有固定的桌子和椅子,这简直是一个完美的地方。

The floor of the square draws its pattern from the lace and embroidery traditions of Hälsingland. The floor declares its identity unequivocally and reflects the significance of the square as a meeting place of regional importance. Brotorget is a place to go to see and be seen. The most sun-drenched part of the square has a number of fixed tables and chairs, a perfect place to take it all in.

一个像家一样的广场|瑞典Brotorget广场第6张图片

红色的舞台是Brotorget广场的重要组成部分。它吸引着来自整个广场的目光,同时它也是为人们加深对于Bollnäs市及其文化传统理解的重要标志。舞台没有后壁,但其屋顶的设计来源于Hälsingland起伏的山峦。舞台的外部覆盖着红松焦油和锯末,这一设计来自于Hälsingland的传统。舞台地板是木制的,也可以变成带屋顶的座位区,为所有人提供了一个跳舞和表演的地方,同时舞台还安装了内置的音频设备,可以远程控制。舞台的南边形成了一个宽敞的区域,可供人晒太阳。舞台面向两方敞开,其周围是小的桦树。

The stage is an important part of Brotorget. The red stage will capture the gaze of the entire square and become an important symbol for deepening how one understands of Bollnäs and its culture. The stage is shaped without a rear wall and has a roofline inspired by the rolling hills of Hälsingland. The scene bears an outer coat of red pine tar and sawdust, a further connection with Hälsingland tradition. The stage floor is wooden and can also serve as a roofed seating area, a place for dance, and spontaneous performances for all ages. The stage features built-in audio equipment that can be activated and remotely controlled from an assigned telephone. The southern edge of the stage forms a generous area to simply bask in the sun together. The stage is open from two directions, bordered by the background of wispy birch.

一个像家一样的广场|瑞典Brotorget广场第7张图片

广场内的小品设计都是为了使人们的个性和色彩趋同,它以一种有形的方式将这个地方清楚地联系在一起。广场内安排了很多座位,这意味着人们可以把Brotorget广场当作一个公共的客厅、见面地点。 Bollnäs广场的桌椅是专门为该项目设计的。桌椅固定在地上,全年都可以使用,它的颜色基于这个城市的红色和黄色。

Furnishing and equipment all serve towards convergent sense of character and colours clearly hold the place together in a tangible way. There will always be lots of seating, which means people can reclaim Brotorget as the public living room, the place to meet and the place you want to be. Bollnäs has actually designed the Bollnäs chair with accompanying table, created especially for this project. These chairs and tables are fixed to the ground and are out and available on a year-round basis, with colours based on nuances of red and single bits of yellow, inspired by the colours of the countryside.

一个像家一样的广场|瑞典Brotorget广场第8张图片

广场的一侧有一个户外操场,其主题正是这座广场的设计理念——“城市之心”,这里是一个舒适的角落,它展现了Hälsingland的传统。你在这里可以发现一个完整的小世界,它有破地毯,蹦床,小厨房,吊床和幻灯片。考虑到人们进入广场后的整体视觉,操场的设计在一定程度上是不言自明的。因此,颜色和材料的选取具有很强的整体性,在色调上都彰显了Hälsingland引以为傲的农业遗产。

该项目被提名为2017年Siena奖。

On one side of the square there is a playground. The theme of the playground is the city square’s motto the “heart of Bollnäs”, where the cozy nook of home and Hälsingland’s traditions are what it’s all about. Here you will find an entire miniature world of rag carpets, trampolines, kitchenette bistros, hammocks, and slides. The design of the playground was in part self-evident considering the holistic vision that went into the square, so colors and materials are attuned to the whole and draw on the tones and tools of Hälsingland’s proud agrarian heritage.
The project was nominated to the Siena prize 2017.

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项目名称:Brotorget广场
项目位置:瑞典,Bollnäs市
项目年份:2012-2014年(获得建筑竞赛第一名)
施工时间:2016年
项目面积:4900 m2
景观设计:Karavan景观设计事务所
客户:Bollnäs市
项目预算:1 600 000欧元

Project: Brotorget
Location: Bollnäs, Sweden
Design year: 1:st Prize Architectural Competition, 2012-2014
Year of construction: 2016
Area: 4900 m2
Landscape architect: Karavan landskapsarkitekter
Client: Bollnäs municipality
Budget: 1 600 000 EUR

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