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通过木材和回收材料建造而成的低成本迷你住宅
Low-cost micro home is made from timber and scavenged materials

由专筑网李韧,HYC编译

Invisible Studio在英国巴斯附近的森林中设计建造了这座可移动的迷你住宅,建筑运用了众多回收材料和当地的种植木材,总造价为20000英镑。

这个位于英国的工作室运用了生长在工作室周围的木材和一些回收材料,设计了这座面积为40平方米的住宅,为其取名为“Trailer”,这座住宅的形态犹如建筑山墙。

Invisible Studio built this mobile micro home at its woodland studio near Bath, England, for just £20,000, thanks to the use of salvaged materials and locally grown timber.
The UK architecture office built the 40-square-metre gabled structure called Trailer out of unseasoned timber sourced the woodland surrounding its studio, as well as materials saved from construction waste.

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Invisible Studio的创始人兼建筑师Piers Tayler说:“我们希望为使用者设计一座低成本的住宅,这座建筑的空间功能丰富,能够满足使用者的需求,并且与周围的环境相适应。”

“虽然它名为住宅,但是这里同样也能进行工作或其他的活动。”

"The project aims to provide a super low cost, versatile, useable space that could act as a kit of parts for any self builder to improvise around or easily adapt," said Piers Tayler, architect and founder of Invisible Studio.
"While conceived as a domestic space, it could easily function as a workspace or something else."

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Trailer被设计成可以在英国的马路上运输,其底部的轮架让建筑框架能够被拖到地基,然后将底部基座拆除,接着再将预制木材运输至基地。

Trailer is designed so it can be legally transported on Britain's roads. A wheeled bogie was used to tow the base of the structure into place, then slid out from under the steel frame and used to transport prefabricated timber frames to the woodland site.

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在建筑的山墙面建筑师运用了透明的聚碳酸酯面板,让自然光线可以通过山墙透明面板、窗户,以及屋顶天窗进入室内。

建筑师在建筑立面上运用了波纹玻璃和钢材,内部则运用的是胶合板。而例如室内爬梯等木质构件则通过胶合板的边角料制作而成。在建筑两端下方瓦楞波纹板材微微出挑,形成了阳台,使用者可以在这里更换鞋子。

At both gable ends interlocking polycarbonate panels allow natural light to fill the space, while window openings are cut into the longer sides and skylights set into the roof.
The structure is clad in corrugated fibreglass and steel, and the interior is lined in sheets of pre-used shuttering plywood. The joinery, including the two ladders, are made from plywood offcuts. The corrugated material overhangs at either end, creating a sheltered porch where outdoor shoes can be left.

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在建筑内部的长方形区域便是起居场所,在其中部有一个煤气炉。卫生间和小厨房则设置在建筑的两侧。

使用者通过两个爬梯可以进入上方的夹层空间,那里是住宅的两间卧室,对于其中一间卧室,使用者要通过悬挂在主要起居空间上方的木质通道便能进入。

Inside, the rectangular plan has a living space that runs the entire length of the structure, with a gas stove in the middle. A toilet and a small cooking area are set either side in the in the wides part of the hexagonal structure.
Two ladders give access to two sleeping platforms at either end of the home, one of which is accessed via a wooden walkway suspended over the main space.

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该项目的各个部件都来源于回收的材料,室内的门甚至是在废料区中找到再利用,而屋顶天窗的制作也较为廉价。

楼梯与走道的扶手通过粗绳子制作而成,而这些绳子则来源于建筑师早期项目的边角料。

All the insulation was scavenged, the doors were found in a skip, and the skylights set into the roof were obtained cheaply as factory seconds.
Rope handrails strung the mezzanine levels and walkways are made from offcuts of the blue rope used for one of the architects' earlier projects, Studio in the Woods.

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除此之外的其他材料则都来源于周边的森林,建筑师让该项目极具可持续性。

建筑师在早期的项目中也同样运用了木材,那是一座建于木桩之上的木制工作室,该项目甚至还有一个独立的厕所,其材料也是来源于其他项目的剩余材料。

All the new timber used was from the surrounding area of woodland that Invisible Studio manages as a sustainable resource for their projects.
The same timber was used by the architects for an earlier project called Visible Studio, a wooden workshop built on stilts with its own composting toilet built for free from offcuts and foraged parts.

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为了让该项目更加经济,项目团队使用了一种名叫“Same Section”的技术,即将长125毫米宽50毫米的薄片叠加起来,形成横向框架。

这是该工作室第二次运用这种方式,早期建筑师曾经将其用于一个名为“Ghost Barn”的项目中,这是一座运用当地木材和波纹玻璃建造而成的棚屋。

To make the milling process more economical, the team used a technique they described as "same section", taking 125 millimetre-by-50 millimetre pieces and laminating them up into structural sections for the cross frames.
This was the second time Invisible Studios has used this method, having pioneered it in an earlier project in the same area called Ghost Barn, a prototyping shed made from their homegrown timber and corrugated fibreglass.

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Trailer只是该工作室在这片园区所负责的一个项目,Invisible Studios的建筑师们常常在施工中与当地非专业工人进行合作。

在美国,Tiny Heirloom公司设计建造了一座微型住宅,建筑下方设置有轮子,其外墙面则具有攀岩功能,另外,Escape Homes事务所的建筑师也设计了一座可移动建筑,这是两层的木制住宅。

摄影:Piers Taylor

Trailer is now just one structure in the studio's growing woodland campus. Invisible Studios self builds its projects using a team of unskilled local labourers including neighbours.ilar
In America, a company called Tiny Heirloom created a simsplit-level micro home on wheels that features a climbing wall on the exterior, and Escape Homes designed a trailer home that looks like a small two-storey wooden cabin.
Photography by Piers Taylor.

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