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什么是建筑的人道主义?是多一些同理心与关怀第1张图片

Courtesy of Manuel Herz Architects

塞内加尔乡村医院的弧线应用
Manuel Herz to Design Curvilinear Expansion of Rural Senegal Hospital

由专筑网李韧,邢子编译

Manuel Herz主要负责设计塞内加尔乡村地区Tambacounda医院的扩建项目,该项目由Josef、 Anni Albers基金会,以及American Friends of Le Korsa共同发起与投资建设。

该扩建项目迫在眉睫,主要用于解决当地医疗设施不足的问题,在这里,每年大约有20000人需要就医,然而在这个炎热的地区,医疗设施缺乏,病床供不应求。Anni Albers基金会等合作方都对Manuel Herz的设计方案十分满意,在方案之中,建筑师将“视觉审美、实用功能,人道主义”三者完美结合。

Manuel Herz has been chosen to design the expansion of the Tambacounda Hospital in rural Senegal, conceived and funded by the Josef and Anni Albers Foundation and American Friends of Le Korsa.
The extension is viewed as an urgent project to address overcrowding in the vital facility, with the demands of 20,000 annual patients resulting in hot, overcrowded communal spaces, and children sharing beds in wards. The Foundation described Manuel Herz as the “unanimous choice” with an approach showing “a mix of visual flair, practical understanding, and profound humanitarianism.”

什么是建筑的人道主义?是多一些同理心与关怀第2张图片

Courtesy of Manuel Herz Architects

Herz希望通过弧线形式来提升空间的舒适度。建筑师运用弧线砖石走道让新旧建筑连接在一起,并且新建筑的形态也与旧建筑相呼应。扩建部分包含住院部和妇产科,光滑的弧线形式将建筑的室内外空间很好地相连,这样一来,病患的家庭成员就能够在外部空间中休息,而不会打扰到病房中的病人。

Herz’s design seeks to improve patient comfort by bringing a sense of coherence to the structure. A curvilinear brick extension will connect to the existing hospital by a covered pathway, referencing the circular typology of the existing building. Housing pediatric and maternity clinics, the new structure will create a smooth circulation route with niches between rooms and exterior spaces where families can rest away from busy hospital wards.

什么是建筑的人道主义?是多一些同理心与关怀第3张图片

Courtesy of Manuel Herz Architects

建筑的形式与材质都具有环保性,砖石相互组合,并且在彼此之间留有一定的距离,这样能够促进建筑的交叉通风与空气循环。建筑的双屋面覆盖着主要的扩建体量,让建筑能够遮蔽在投影之中,同时通过烟囱将室内的热量排出。

The form and materiality of the scheme have been designed with environmental performance in mind, with narrow widths and lattice-like brickwork combining to aid cross ventilation and air circulation. A second roof covers the primary extension, giving additional shade to areas most exposed to the sun while creating a chimney effect to draw heat away from the interior.

什么是建筑的人道主义?是多一些同理心与关怀第4张图片

Courtesy of Manuel Herz Architects

建筑的扩建部分呼应场地特征,并且建筑的施工也不需要砍伐过多的树木,建筑师将建筑与景观相融合,为使用者带来更多的绿化空间,让他们能够在树荫之下休息与乘凉。整个项目十分强调空间的舒适性与功能性,Herz认为,设计方案“将成为塞内加尔与非洲大陆医疗机构的一大典范”。

该工程将于2018年9月正式施工。

新闻来源:The Josef、Anni Albers基金会

At a broader scale, the extension has been shaped and sited to allow for the least number of trees to be uprooted, with the architects heavily involved in the landscaping strategy to create additional spaces for users and visitors to congregate in shade and comfort. With this emphasis on comfort, functionality, and performance, Herz explains that the design “aims at becoming a model and new paradigm for medical institutions in Senegal and the African continent as a whole.
Construction is due to commence in September 2018.
News via: The Josef and Anni Albers Foundation

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