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波光粼粼的立面,便是水族馆的最好象征第1张图片

瑞士洛桑Aquatis水族馆
Aquatis Aquarium | Vivarium in Lausanne / Richter Dahl Rocha & Associés

由专筑网李韧,曹逸希编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:该项目由Richter Dahl Rocha & Associés建筑事务所主持设计,Aquatis综合体是Biopôle地区的一部分,该地区是一个以生命科学为中心的科技园,位于瑞士洛桑的北部,近期的发展十分迅速。这里环城高速公路和2008年开通的洛桑地铁M2号线路的交汇处。这片开发区设置有单独的停车场和换乘区域,还设置有与中心购物中心连接的一座酒店和Cité de l’Eau Douce水族馆,从这里人们可以直接进入Lausanne-Vennes地铁站和停车场。每座建筑都非常独特,但又不失整体性。

Text description provided by the architects. Designed by the Richter Dahl Rocha & Associés firm of architects, the Aquatis Complex is part of the Biopôle, a science park centred on life sciences, developing fast in the northern area of Lausanne. It is a strategic location, where the orbital motorway around the city intersects with the new M2 Lausanne Metro line, opened in 2008. The development consists of an area with a car park and Park & Ride, where there is a hotel and the “Cité de l’Eau Douce” Aquarium/Vivarium, linked by a central mall that offers access both to the “Lausanne-Vennes” metro station and to the car park. Each building has its own identity, but is part of a coherent whole.

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建筑的地下场所主要用于停车,这里设置有1200个停车位,其地下室的边缘紧贴着建筑红线,整体建筑形态依据地形特征而建,并且三个楼层都有着开阔的视野。这座于2010年9月开始营业的建筑隶属于瑞士洛桑市。

The 1200-place car park forms the structural basis of the project. Its unusual shape follows the built-up area of the site. It also follows the contours of the terrain, and has wide open views to the southern side on all three levels. It belongs to the city of Lausanne, and opened in September 2010.

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酒店共有143间客房,分为3种不同的类型,其公共区域设置有餐厅、健身房、会议室。建筑平面呈L型布局,这个形态能够最好地表达基地优势,突出中央的平台空间。这里是整个项目的核心空间,它包含有一座水族馆,这座建筑也是水流形态的一大象征。其有机的环状形态让建筑看上去非常独特,也反应了自身的教育与文化特征。

The hotel, with its 143 3* superior rooms, has a restaurant, a wellness area, and several conference rooms. Its special “L” shape forms the boundary of the hub’s central area, and shows it off to best advantage. This space is the heart of the project – it houses the aquarium, the building that is emblematic of this freshwater complex. Its organic, circular shape gives it a unique identity, reflecting its teaching and cultural missions.

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平面图/Floor Plan

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酒店的立面丝网印刷玻璃直截了当地反射了周边环境的色彩与天气变化,这也让水族馆看上去闪闪发光。水族馆的建筑立面上设置有约10万枚铝制圆盘,虽然圆盘的一端固定着,但另一端仍然能够保持晃动,当一阵风吹来,建筑立面看上去既如鱼鳞般熠熠生辉,也如水面般波光粼粼。建筑师在两座建筑之间的场地上设置了水景,该露天水池也大大增加了光线的反射作用,这样的设计能够让人们保持着悠闲愉悦的心情。

While the silk-screened glass façades of the hotel reflect the colours of the surrounding area and the vagaries of the weather, those of the aquarium shimmer as the wind moves them. One hundred thousand aluminium discs are suspended from this façade, but they remain mobile due to their fixings. The effect caused by the wind looks like fish scales shining in the sun, or like waves on a body of water. There is water there at ground level, between the two buildings, in an outdoor pool which adds to this reflected play of light. It also contributes to the leisure aspect of the area, aimed at families.

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水族馆里的淡水超过200万公升,并且有着20个不同的生态系统、10000条鱼,以及至少100万只爬行动物,这些动物有的来源于洛桑原先的动物园,展览区位于建筑的一二两层,这些动物给游览者带来了非常独特的视觉盛宴。地面层则主要用于容纳水族馆运行和动物养护所需的技术设备,这些设备对于水族馆的运营来说至关重要。而地面层的其他部分则用作游客接待区、入口大厅、商店、门厅、餐厅,以及一个视野开阔的露台,在这里游客能够俯瞰整个户外水景。而一层的教学区主要用于学校的各种活动,寓教于乐,让学生们更好地学习相关知识。

More than two million litres of fresh water, twenty different ecosystems, 10,000 fish and more than one hundred reptiles (transferred from the old vivarium in Lausanne) will offer the visitor rich and varied surroundings in the first two storeys of the building. The ground floor is devoted largely to technology, essential to the functioning of the aquariums and the care of the creatures. The rest of the ground floor provides a reception area for visitors, an entrance hall, shop, cloakroom and restaurant, with wide open views to the south with a terrace that looks out over the outdoor pool. Teaching areas on the first floor enable school parties to be accommodated, extending the educational aspect to the visit.

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剖面图/General Section

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环境与可持续发展策略:

该项目很重要的一个部分则是建筑物理和能源系统的设计,从而满足合理的能源使用标准,实现建筑的可持续发展。建筑材料也符合能源标准。建筑外墙材料能够大大提升建筑的隔热性能,减少成本。建筑热工系统与洛桑城市工业服务(City of Lausanne Industrial Services)的远程供热系统紧密相连,通过焚化生活垃圾来获取可再生能源,让整座建筑可称得上是一座温室气体低排放的绿色建筑。充分利用环境中的中性气流,同时运用高性能空调系统,优化建筑的热量回收。集中式的管理手段实现了两栋建筑之间的协同增效,同时确保技术设备的平稳运行,大大提升能源效率。

Environmental and sustainable development aspects:
Part of the construction of the complex was the physical design of the building and the energy systems to provide an implementation fulfilling all the criteria for a rational useof energy, working towards sustainable development. The recommended materials fall within this approach. The components of the “exterior skin” of the buildings have also been upgraded, to improve both thermal performance and investment costs. In the same way, the link to the Services Industriels de la Ville de Lausanne (City of Lausanne Industrial Services) remote heating network, which uses the incineration of household waste, enables the use of renewable energy, with low greenhouse gas emissions. The production of cold needed for air-conditioning the whole complex is achieved by high-performance equipment, functioning with environmentally-neutral fluids and optimising heat recovery. Central management of the two buildings in the hub optimises the synergies of the two types of user, while ensuring very reliable functioning of the technical equipment as well as increased energy efficiency.

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场地平面图/Site Plan

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主平面图和二层平面图/Main Floor Plan Second Plan

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平面图/Floor Plan

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平面图/Floor Plan

建筑设计:Richter Dahl Rocha & Associés
地点:瑞士洛桑
面积:52700.0 m2
项目时间:2017年
摄影:Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
制造商:Dorma
客户:Fondation Aquatis / Boas Construction SA / Grisoni Zaugg SA
洛桑团队:acques Richter, Ignacio Dahl Rocha, Manuel Perez, Nuno Santos Pareira, Nicolas Braem, Audran Valloggia, Adrien Barakat, Carine Nilson, Mathieu Gendron, Marco Turin
总承包商:Boas Construction SA / Grisoni Zaugg SA
结构工程:Aquarium Vivarium et Parking: Ingeni SA / Hôtel Aquatis et Parking: Daniel Willi SA
岩土工程:De Cérenville SA
暖通工程: Energies Rationnelles SA
环境工程:H. Schumacher SA
电气工程: ETF SA Etablissements Techniques Fragnière SA
声学顾问:EcoAcoustique SA
配景设计: AAB Atelier Artistique de Béton
其他顾问:Muséographie: Thematis SA / Aquariologie: ICeau SA and vivarium de Lausanne /技术合作: ICeau SA
水族馆面积:7'900 m2
酒店面积(143间):8'800 m2
停车位:1200个

Architects: Richter Dahl Rocha & Associés
Location: 1010 Lausanne, Switzerland
Area: 52700.0 m2
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Manufacturers: Dorma
Client: Fondation Aquatis / Boas Construction SA / Grisoni Zaugg SA
Team Lausanne: acques Richter, Ignacio Dahl Rocha, Manuel Perez, Nuno Santos Pareira, Nicolas Braem, Audran Valloggia, Adrien Barakat, Carine Nilson, Mathieu Gendron, Marco Turin
General contractor: Boas Construction SA / Grisoni Zaugg SA
Structural engineer: Aquarium Vivarium et Parking: Ingeni SA / Hôtel Aquatis et Parking: Daniel Willi SA
Geotechnical: De Cérenville SA
HVAC engineer: Energies Rationnelles SA
Sanitary engineer: H. Schumacher SA
Electrical engineer: ETF SA Etablissements Techniques Fragnière SA
Acoustical consultant: EcoAcoustique SA
Scenography: AAB Atelier Artistique de Béton
Others consultants: Muséographie: Thematis SA / Aquariologie: ICeau SA and vivarium de Lausanne / Coordination Technique: ICeau SA
Aquarium Vivarium: 7'900 m2
Hotel * * * | 143 rooms: 8'800 m2
Parking: 1200 parking places

                     
出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。
        
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