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城市的发展:法兰克福历史博物馆扩建项目
Urban Development: Expansion to the Historisches Museum in Frankfurt

由专筑网张雪,李韧编译

城市的记忆便是如此:法兰克福历史博物馆的扩建虽然刚刚完成,但是人们已经难以回忆起曾经矗立在同一个地方的那座建筑了。

A city’s memory works like this: the expansion to Frankfurt’s Historical Museum has just been completed, but it is already difficult to remember the building that once stood in the same place.

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Photo:Roland Halbe

这说明,相比起历史博物馆的扩建,更为重要的是,应该让这座新建筑充分激起城市人民的历史记忆。此时的目标并不是像战前那样重建这座城市,而是要进一步发展当代社会。历史博物馆便是最好的例子。它坐落在美茵河畔,由八个不同世纪的五栋建筑所组成。这些建筑在2012年由Diezinger & Kramer建筑师事务所翻新,翻新工作包括大规模的重建和扩建,来改善室内空间质量。

This means it is even more important that the new building for the Historisches Museum be a symbol of a more sophisticated way of looking at history. Here, the ideal was not recreating the city as it was before the war, but rather the further development of the contemporary structure. The Historical Museum is the best example of this in a city that has grown and undergone constant change. It sits on the banks of the Main in a conglomerate of five buildings from eight different centuries. These had all been renovated by Diezinger & Kramer Architekten by 2012. Their work involved extensive rebuilding and added fittings that improved use of the interior spaces.

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Photo:Roland Halbe

在新大楼的城市规划中,这种历史方法仍在继续。它将被清理、修复和进一步扩建。Lederer Ragnarsdottir Oei的设计由三部分组成,在建筑群的后面矗立着一座高大却狭窄的建筑,它有着引人注目的菱形图案,这里是中心入口和行政办公区。建筑师将新展览馆移向了北侧,并将其轴线略微转向了老馆。新侧翼是主轴的延长线,这个城市规划项目自然地强调了城市的各个阶层之间的联系。

This approach to history is continued at the urban-planning level in the new building. It is to be cleared up, repaired and developed further. The design by Lederer Ragnarsdóttir Oei comprises three parts. To the back of the complex stands a tall, narrow building with an arresting lozenge pattern; this is home to the central entrance and the administration offices. The architects have shifted the exhibition house farther to the north and turned it slightly on its own axis. The new wing has thus lengthened the Saalgasse axis. This urban-planning project creates connections between the various strata of the city.

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Photo:Roland Halbe

此外,在新建筑中还新建了一座略微抬高的博物馆广场,广场有宽阔的座椅台阶。在开放的狭窄台阶的一侧,广场建筑将法兰克福最古老的建筑——Stauffer Saalhof与东部空间相连接。西侧是镇上最古老的半木结构房屋Wertheym,它在整体环境中占有重要地位。展览馆双坡尖屋顶和红色砂岩的立面与周围的环境有了进一步的联系,并在现在和历史之间进行了协调,让整体建筑形态并没有过分地偏离原有风格。

What’s more, a new, slightly raised museum square featuring broad seating steps has been created among the new buildings. Along its open, narrow sides, the architecture of the square integrates Frankfurt’s oldest building, the Stauffer Saalhof, to the east. To the west, Haus Wertheym, which is the oldest half-timbered house in town, takes its place in the ensemble. The pointed double roof of the exhibition house and the façades in reddish sandstone form further connections to the surroundings and mediate between the present and history, without drifting too far into the postmodern.

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Photo:Roland Halbe

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Photo:Roland Halbe

因此,博物馆不经意间消解了新旧城市以及内外空间之间的界限。它有着令人惊叹的视角和城市特质,这些特质让建筑在法兰克福的古老街区形成独特的形态标志。

Therefore, the museum blithely ignores the boundaries between old and new as well as those between interior and exterior. It has breathtaking perspectives and urban qualities that Frankfurt’s old town, with its narrow, crooked alleys, has never seen before.(401字)

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Photo:Roland Halbe

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Photo:Roland Halbe

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建筑设计:LRO Lederer Ragnarsdóttir Oei
地点:德国,法兰克福
文字:Florian Heilmeyer
发表时间: 2017年11月8日

Architects: LRO Lederer Ragnarsdóttir Oei
Location: Frankfurt am Main (DE)
Text: Florian Heilmeyer
published 08.11.2017
     

出处:本文译自www.detail-online.com/,转载请注明出处。

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