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气候条件不好?建筑表皮治愈所有困扰第1张图片

应对恶劣气候的创造性建筑方案
A Creative Building Solution for the Harsh Climate...

由专筑网李韧,刘庆新编译

Southeast Yukselis学校由伊斯坦布尔的Vertebra建筑事务所负责设计,通过独特的立面设计,很好地应对了乌尔法地区的大陆性气候,其建筑表皮有效地引导了自然通风。

Southeast Yukselis Schools, designed by Istanbul based architectural office Studio Vertebra, offers a good solution to Urfa region's dominant continental climate conditions by it's façade design that creates natural ventilation acting as a second shell.

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这座建筑位于土耳其乌尔法,建筑面积约16000平方米,Southeast Yukselis学校项目包含从幼儿园到高中,再到大学的教育设施,该项目由Vertebra建筑事务所设计。

Locating in Urfa province and having an indoor area of 16.000 sqm, Southeast Yukselis Schools project has been designed to facilitate education up to university, from kindergarten to high school by Studio Vertebra.

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建筑师通过体块的设计让不同教育程度的孩子们都有独立的内部空间、出入口,以及院落。建筑师在设计时主要考虑了各个体块的均衡与稳定,不同体块之间通过“L”型空间相连接。

Block decisions have been made to provide separate interior circulation areas, entrances and courtyards for different education levels (high school, middle school, primary school, kindergarten). Integration of the blocks and balance have been considered while interpreting the multi-input requirement program. Blocks with different functions have been constructed by two blocks in "L" shape.

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在设计建筑立面时,建筑师充分考虑了区域气候特征、地势状况等因素。

Regional climate data, terrace usage, and final impact factors have been considered while designing the façade of the construction.

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该地区的大陆性气候特征较强,并且常年气温较高,因此,建筑表皮的设置有助于室内空气的流通。另外,表皮也有效地隔绝了部分来自太阳的热量,例如建筑的南面、东南面,以及西面都包裹着表皮。而在表皮内的墙体上建筑师则设计了多个开窗,从而让立面形态更加独特。

The project is located in a region where the continental climate is dominant and has high temperatures. For this reason, the façade has been designed as a second shell to contribute to air conditioning. The placed shell functions as an insulation layer. First, the facades that are exposed to direct sunlight, eg. south, east-south-south, and west, have been covered. The plain approach preferred at the remaining façade surfaces emphasized the shell by creating the impression of window-wall.

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建筑表皮主要用于遮阳。这种连续的表皮形式为建筑带来一定的识别性,同时也让室内空间成为建筑的焦点。

The shell of the building continues in the areas with terraces and functions as a shading element. This continuity creates an identity to the shell and encourages the transformation of terraces into living spaces.

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为了让建筑更加自然,建筑师为表皮系统选用了大地色材质。而建筑的原有墙体则呈现白色,这样便能够让表皮以一种毫不夸张的方式脱颖而出。

Much more natural impression has been ensured by preferring earth tones on the façade which has a strong impact with its form. By preferring white for the remaining surfaces, the effect of shell has been emphasized without exaggeration.
  
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室内装饰的灵感则来源于调色板,设计师的思路是尽可能地表达空间效果。门厅的楼梯不仅仅只是一个垂直交通枢纽,它还是学生各项活动的沟通场所。在该项目中,设计师重复运用了一些设计策略,例如自助餐厅30m长的餐桌,亦或是门厅内50m长的储物墙体,这样的设计方式让整个建筑空间变得灵活连贯,从而更具吸引力。

Interior decoration approach has been inspired by corporate color palette and the idea was to transform objects into spaces. The monolithic staircase on the lobby floor is not just a vertical circulation element, but also it supports many planned and unplanned social activities of the students. This approach is repeated throughout the project, such as 30m-long table in the cafeteria or a 50m2 wall reserved for students in the foyer area.

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项目信息:
项目名称:Southeast Yukselis学校
项目类型:教育建筑
建筑设计/室内设计:Vertebra建筑事务所
地点:土耳其,尚勒乌尔法
总面积:16000平方米
项目年份:2017年

Credits:
Project Name: Southeast Yukselis Schools
Project Type: Educational Building
Architectural and Interior Design: Studio Vertebra
Location: Sanliurfa / Turkey
Total Area: 16.000 sqm
Project Year: 2017


来源:本文由Studio Vertebra提供稿件,所有著作权归属Studio Vertebra所有。

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