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独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第1张图片

Wong Dai Sin Temple / Shim-Sutcliffe Architects

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。黄大仙庙是一个现代化的神圣空间,这里充满活力,通过太极拳的传统运动来调节内在的精神发展。Fung Loy Kok道教研究所需要在多伦多郊区设立新的精神家园,这里不仅要反映宗教信仰的灵魂,还要成为当今世界信徒的精神空间。这个宗教场所位于郊区主干道附近,周围有一个购物中心,以及一个超大的独栋豪宅。

From the architect. The Wong Dai Sin Temple is a modern sacred space that houses a dynamic Taoist community committed to their inner spiritual development through the ancient physical practice of tai chi. The Fung Loy Kok Institute of Taoism needed a new spiritual home in suburban Toronto that had to reflect not only the heart and soul of their religious beliefs but also the modern contemporary world of their congregants. This place of worship is located on a major suburban arterial road surrounded by a shopping mall and cul de sac’s lined with oversized single family residential mansions.

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第2张图片
© James Dow

这个新的庙宇建筑形态上具有不对称和平衡的特点,同时这个建筑看上去很像一个太极拳姿势。从繁忙的公路上可以看到建筑的南立面,人们可以看到支撑在细长的混凝土桥墩上的悬臂。因为现场停车要求,必须将建筑的地面部分抬高,从而形成地面停车场。因此,这个神圣的空间被支撑在一个双层混凝土板上方,它与七个矩形倒浇混凝土桥墩共同连接在一个坚固的筏板基础上。

This new temple building demonstrates asymmetry and counterbalance while maintaining its equilibrium much like a measured tai chi pose. The building’s south elevation is visible from the busy roadway to the south, reveals a major and minor cantilever supported on slender concrete piers. Stringent on-site parking requirements necessitated elevating the spiritual space above ground and providing surface parking below. This sacred space is supported on a two-way concrete slab integrated with seven rectangular poured in place structural concrete piers tied to a robust raft foundation.

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第3张图片
© James Dow

西侧的10.2m悬臂式双向结构柱,在停车场上方支撑着混凝土板结构系统,这是这个建筑的主要结构部分。另外一个位于后张预应力结构系统东侧的5.2米悬臂结构在外部停车场的上方形成了一个悬挑阳台。人们可以通过电梯、以及位于东北侧与东南侧的两个混凝土悬臂楼梯进入二层空间。

The two-way bonded post tensioned concrete slab system with its 10.2m cantilever on the west hovers over the parking area which acts as the structural support for the sacred space above. A smaller 5.2 m cantilever on the east side of the post tensioned structure accommodates an exterior terrace over the parking below and serves as a counter balance for the longer cantilever to the west. Exposed concrete is also used for the two cantilevered staircases, on the north east and south east, which along with an elevator, provides access to the second floor worship space.

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第4张图片
© James Dow

建筑物在北面和南面的外墙上都装有不同形状的耐候钢制垂直翅片,用于遮挡视野。祷告空间中的大型垂直落地窗为人们提供良好的自然光线和自然通风。面向周边的西部和东部立面有保护隐私的大型钢板。

The building’s exterior on the north and south facades is clad in shaped weathering steel vertical fins that are used to control views from the inside looking out. Large vertical floor to ceiling window openings in the prayer space splay outward ensuring both natural light at the perimeter and good cross ventilation. The west and east elevations facing the neighbours are clad in large abstract panels of weathering steel ensuring privacy.

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第5张图片
© James Dow

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第6张图片
剖面图 A/Section A

在黄大仙庙内,大型圆形电动天窗与大型红灯相连,形成了如同从天空进入室内的自然光线,为道教诵读和祈祷仪式带来相应的环境氛围。这些不同直径发光的红灯笼创造了一个类似宇宙空间的天花板,并提供了与燃烧香火相融合的自然光,创造出连接天空和地面的精神空间,将我们的内心世界与外部空间联系起来。

Inside the Wong Dai Sin Temple, large circular motorized skylights are linked to large red light monitors which defines the natural light entering the space and also provides supports for large rings of incense used for Taoist chanting and prayer ceremonies. These glowing red lanterns of varying diameters create a cosmic ceiling plan and provide ethereal natural light which co-mingles with burning incense creating a spiritual space linking sky and ground and connecting our interior self with the external world beyond.

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第7张图片
© James Dow

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第8张图片
Courtesy of Shim Sutcliffe Architects

礼拜堂是黄大仙庙内部最深入的空间,这是个纪念馆。庙内的这个小木制建筑是冥想空间,供奉祖先,为人们提供了冥想的场所。信徒们在这里表达他们内心的情感。

Within the prayer hall is the most introverted space in the Wong Dai Sin Temple which is its memorial hall. This small wooden building within the temple is a contemplative space where ancestors are honoured. Bamboo memorial plaques line this internal wooden room providing a place for private contemplation. There are opportunities for congregants to leave offerings of gratitude and to light incense in honor of their love ones.

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第9张图片
© James Dow

这一空间与世界其他地区的其他古代庙宇有着千丝万缕的联系,它通过对于自然光的运用和对色彩的控制,来表达具有神性的建筑空间。道教作为世界上一种古老的宗教,该建筑将日常的朝拜精神嵌入这个现代神圣空间之中。

This space is inextricably tied to other ancient Wong Dai Sin Temples in other parts of the world through its manipulation and amplification of natural light, its instrumental use of colour and its commitment to a carefully composed and tactile material palette. The daily worship of one of the world's ancient religion of Taoism is embedded in the fabric of this modern sacred space.
      
独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第10张图片
© James Dow

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第11张图片
Courtesy of Shim Sutcliffe Architects

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第12张图片
© James Dow

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第13张图片
© James Dow

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第14张图片
场地平面图/Site Plan

独一无二的精神空间丨加拿大多伦多黄大仙庙第15张图片
二层平面图/Second Floor Plan

建筑事务所:Shim-Sutcliffe Architects
位置:加拿大,安大略省,马卡姆市
主持建筑师:Brigitte Shim,Howard Sutcliffe
项目负责人:Monica Leung, Andrew Kimber
面积:3271平方英尺(约303平房子)
项目年份:2015年
摄影:James Dow
结构:Blackwell结构工程师
机械:BK咨询公司
电气:动态设计与工程公司、民用工程有限公司
景观:NAK设计集团
规划:Bousfields Inc.
规划顾问:Sherman Brown
总承包商:Gillam Group Inc.
混凝土:Verdi Alliance
覆层:Krypton Steel Inc.
Millwork:Two Degrees North Inc.
皮革作品:Kai Leather Product Design
Gold Leaf设计:Jan’s Workshop
定制照明:Lighting Nelson & Garrett Inc.
门窗:Tradewood Windows and Doors Inc.

Architects: Shim-Sutcliffe Architects
Location: Markham, ON, Canada
Lead Architects: Brigitte Shim, Howard Sutcliffe
Project Leads: Monica Leung, Andrew Kimber
Area: 3271.0 ft2
Project Year: 2015
Photographs: James Dow
Structural: Blackwell Structural Engineers
Mechanical: BK Consulting Inc.
Electrical: Dynamic Designs and Engineering Inc.
Civil: Masongsong Associates Engineering Ltd.
Landscape: NAK Design Group
Planning: Bousfields Inc.
Planning Lawyers: Sherman Brown
General Contractor: Gillam Group Inc.
Concrete: Verdi Alliance
Cladding: Krypton Steel Inc.
Millwork: Two Degrees North Inc.
Leather Work: Kai Leather Product Design
Gold Leaf: Jan’s Workshop
Custom Lighting: Lighting Nelson & Garrett Inc.
Windows & Doors: Tradewood Windows and Doors Inc.


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。


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