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威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第1张图片

Norman Foster reveals vaulted Droneport prototype at Venice Architecture Biennale

由专筑网Yumi,刘庆新编译

Foster + Partners亮相了位于Arsenale的“无人机机场”概念的第一个原尺寸样本。设计的目的是为了通过无人飞行机将医疗补给品运输至非洲的偏远地区。

该结构是诺曼•福斯特基金会的第一个项目。诺曼•福斯特基金会由英国建筑师建立,该组织主旨是展望该领域科技发展、响应人道主义需求,以及提倡一种更“整体化”视角的建筑。

Foster + Partners has unveiled the first full-scale prototype of its Droneport concept at the Arsenale, which is designed to transport medical supplies to remote regions in Africa using unmanned flying vehicles.
The structure is the inaugural project from the Norman Foster Foundation, set up by the British architect to anticipate technological advances in the field, respond to humanitarian needs and encourage a more "holistic" view of architecture.

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第2张图片

拱形的形式是用两层新型压缩土砖建造而成。这种土砖名为Durabic,是由LafargeHolcim基金会与苏黎世联邦理工大学和图卢兹MecoConcept的学者一起为可持续建造研制开发的。

在“无人机机场”的开幕仪式上,诺曼•福斯特告诉Dezeen网站这个拱形结构项目可能会常驻在Arsenale这片土地上,它形成了通往意大利馆边上小花园的一个入口。

The vaulted form is made up from two layers of a new type of compressed earth blocks called Durabric, developed by the LafargeHolcim Foundation for sustainable construction with researchers at the Block Research Groupfrom ETH in Zurich and MecoConcept in Toulouse.
At the opening of the Droneport, Foster told Dezeen that the arching structure may be retained as a permanent fixture in the Arsenale's grounds, forming an entrance pavilion to a small garden beside the Italian pavilion.

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第3张图片

“这是一个永久性结构,因为拆掉它会是一个损失。”福斯特说。

“这个无人机机场项目围绕着‘以少为多’,并利用了无人机技术(通常与战争联系)的近期发展来促进非洲的急救工作。”他说。

"This is a permanent structure and it would be a really great shame to take it down," he said.
"The Droneport project is about doing more with less, capitalising on the recent advancements in drone technology – something that is usually associated with war and hostilities – to make an immediate life-saving impact in Africa."

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第4张图片

该事务所的试点项目将于今年在卢旺达启动,并于2020年完工。而且该事务所力求达到在2030年时,非洲每个小镇都有自己的无人机机场。

“无人机机场”将由Red Line公司管理,Red Line公司是由瑞士洛桑联邦科技学院的Jonathan Ledgard设想的用于服务发展中社区的无人机公司。

Its pilot project is to be launched this year in Rwanda and completed by 2020, and firm's ambition is that every small town in Africa will have its own drone port by 2030.
The Droneport will be operated by Red Line, a drone company conceived by Jonathan Ledgard at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne to serve developing communities.

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第5张图片

该项目主旨是为了运输诸如血液的医疗补给品,同时也有建立物流货运网络的计划。

诺曼•福斯特既机会也在探索“太阳能砖”(艺术家Olafur Eliasson开发的太阳能建筑材料)是否可进行3D打印生产,从而用于以后的无人机机场。

While the primary objective is to transport medical supplies such as blood, there are also plans to establish a cargo network.
The Norman Foster Foundation is also exploring how a solar-powered building material developed by artist Olafur Eliasson, called SolarBrick, could be 3D printed in future drone ports.

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第6张图片

这种材料源于Eliasson另一个名为“小太阳”的太阳能灯设计,其外表面有太阳能板为内表面的LED灯供能。这种材料可以为电力短缺的区域的无人机机场提供人工照明。

“无人机机场”紧随在福斯特在墨西哥城、乔丹和北京的机场方案之后。同时福斯特还有“月球项目”——包括宇航员栖息的火星基地,该基地用火星表面土壤进行3D打印而建成。

The material has its roots in Eliasson's design for a solar-power light named Little Sun, and would feature a solar panel on its outer surface to power an LED light on its inner surface. It could provide artificial lighting for drone ports in areas where electricity is scarce.
The Droneport follows Foster's airport schemes in Mexico City, Jordan andBeijing, as well as lunar projects including a Mars habitat for astronauts constructed from 3D-printed soil from the planet's surface.

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第7张图片

无人机已经大量运用于影视拍摄和视频监控,但是目前一些设计师和企业正寻求利用无人机技术来发展物流设施和医疗救援的途径。亚马逊和谷歌都测试了无人机运输。一个荷兰代尔夫特理工大学的毕业生开发了一个内置除颤设施的无人飞行机器以治疗心脏病患者。

今年的威尼斯建筑双年展将在这周开幕,并截止至2016年11月27日。

Drones are already widely used for filming and surveillance, but designers and companies are now exploring ways to develop delivery services and medical aid.
Both Amazon and Google have been testing drone delivery, and a graduate from TU Delft has developed an unmanned aerial vehicle with built-in defibrillation equipment to treat heart attack sufferers.
This year's Venice Architecture Biennale opens to the public this weekend and continues until 27 November 2016.
     
威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第8张图片
Norman Foster's sketch of the Droneport concept/Norman Foster's 无人机概念草图

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第9张图片
Norman Foster's sketch of the Droneport concept/Norman Foster's 无人机概念草图

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第10张图片
Construction diagram/施工图

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第11张图片
Diagram showing the Droneport community network/无人机社区网络

威尼斯建筑双年展上的无人机机场样本/  Foster + Partners第12张图片
Diagram showing the area of Rwanda covered by drones/无人机所覆盖的卢旺达地区

项目信息
建筑设计:Foster + Partners
合作者:Block Research Group, Redline, MecoConcept, LafargeHolcim Foundation
建设: Carlos Martín Jiménez, Sixto Cordero, Luisel Zaya, Segundo Victor Simba, Luis Alfonso Tituania Male

Project credits:
Architecture: Foster + Partners
Collaborators: Block Research Group, Redline, MecoConcept, LafargeHolcim Foundation
Construction: Carlos Martín Jiménez, Sixto Cordero, Luisel Zaya, Segundo Victor Simba, Luis Alfonso Tituania Male


出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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