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通往圣-米歇尔山之路/Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所第1张图片
© Mathias Neveling

描述来自建筑事务所。在欧洲一个著名的文化古迹风景区创建一个新的访问路径,这个堤道是一个不可多得的的设计挑战。


From the architect. Creating a new access to one of the most remarkable cultural monuments and landscapes in Europe is a rare challenge for the design of a causeway.

通往圣-米歇尔山之路/Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所第2张图片
© Michael Zimmermann

Couesnon河的河口湾周围充满了各种惊喜:圣米歇尔山周围浩瀚的海湾,美丽的光和各种自然的颜色。海平面变化的潮汐可高达14米,日复一日地昭示着自然的力量,并且展现着此地潮汐涨落间景观交替变换的奇妙景色:退潮时陆地远远地向海里延伸,涨潮时海湾海水充盈,将圣米歇尔山围成一座小岛,成为周边唯一的地标。这种激烈的交替变化增添了该地的魅力。
     最小坡度的河口和世界上最高的潮汐之间的差异产生了这样的现象:大海无限逼近海岸,就如维克多雨果笔下描写的飞驰的骏马一般。


The estuary of the Couesnon River surprises by the immensity of the bay surrounding the Mont Saint-Michel, by the beauty of light and the colours of the natural elements. The changing sea level by tides rising up to 14 m, creates a repeated event exposing the forces of nature and offers a variety of landscapes alternating between land reaching far out into the sea on low tide and the water filled bay with the Mont transformed into an island as only landmark on high tide. This radical change contributes to the magic of the site.
The minimal slope of the estuary and one of the world’s highest differences between tides accentuate the phenomenon: the sea is approaching the coast like galloping horses according to Victor Hugo.

通往圣-米歇尔山之路/Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所第3张图片
© Pavel Rak

从陆地到圣-米歇尔山形成了一个延绵的弧型。在弧线折返前微微回退,形成了丰富的景观。码头延续着海水的柔和线条,成为了海湾的一部分。
     新的堤道和码头形成了供游人行走的人行道,以及中央供穿梭巴士行使的道路。


From the mainland to the Mont, the general geometry forms a continuous curve. Slightly offset to the East before turning back, it offers a variety of views. The jetty becomes part of the bay following the smooth lines designed by water.
The new causeway and jetty assure a safe walkway for visitors as well as a central roadway for shuttle services.

通往圣-米歇尔山之路/Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所第4张图片
© David Boureau

堤道中心宽6.5米的道路使双向穿梭的班车能顺利通行,连接着陆地新建停车场与圣米歇尔山岛。在距离圣-米歇尔山的防御墙入口300米的地方,它逐渐拓宽至8.5m 。

Bi-directional shuttle busses assure the connection of the new parking on the continent to the Island using the central part with a width of 6m50. It grows constantly up to a width of 8m50 at the terminal which is situated in a distance of 300 meters to the entrance in the defense wall of the Mont.

通往圣-米歇尔山之路/Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所第5张图片
© David Boureau

位于道路两侧的人行道,其宽度根据预期人流量而定:西侧主要道路宽度4.5m,在末端逐渐拓宽为5.5m ;东侧次通道主要道路宽度为1.5m,末端宽度为2.5m。


Walkways for pedestrians run along the road on either side with varying widths according to the expected crowd of pedestrians: a main connection 4m50 wide on the west side – 5m50 on the terminal, a secondary walkway 1m50 wide on the east – 2m50 on the terminal.

通往圣-米歇尔山之路/Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所第6张图片
© David Boureau

中心道路由悬臂梁支撑出人行道,宽阔的露台提供了绝佳的景观。支撑柱位于堤道的底部中心。露台的倒影增强了离散的外观。


The central road carries the walkways on cantilevers, large balconies offering fantastic perspectives. The columns are situated under the central part. The shadow of the balcony enforces their discrete appearance.

通往圣-米歇尔山之路/Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所第7张图片
© Mathias Neveling

在涨潮时海平面恰巧在平台之下,给人以行走在水面上的印象。


During high tide sea level is just under the level of the deck giving the impression of walking on water.

通往圣-米歇尔山之路/Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所第8张图片
平面和立面图


码头的最后两百米以1%的坡度向圣米歇尔山一侧的水泥平台倾斜。每年的涨潮时期这个平台就会被淹没数天,同时形成了圣米歇尔山与世隔绝的状态。


The last two hundred meters of the jetty are descending by 1% leading to a concrete platform facing the Mont. The platform is submerged several days a year on high tide and provides total insularity of the Mont Saint-Michel.

通往圣-米歇尔山之路/Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所第9张图片
场地平面图


建筑设计: Dietmar Feichtinger 建筑设计事务所
位置: 法国Mont Saint-Michel, 50170 Mont Saint-Michel,
工程公司: schlaich bergermann und partner
年份: 2014年
摄影: Mathias Neveling, Pavel Rak, David Boureau, Michael Zimmermann
竞争团队: Christian Schmölz, Gabriel Augier, Rupert Siller, Ulrike Plos, Barbara Feichtinger-Felber, Michael Felder, Wolfgang Juen, Frank Hinterleithner, Paul-Eric Schirr-Bonnans, José-Luis Fuentes, Armelle Lavalou
项目团队: José Luis Fuentes, Christian Wittmeir, Guy Deshayes, Mathias Neveling, Arne Speiser
路径总长度: 1841米
海堤长度: 1085米
桥长: 756米
建造总价: 3100万欧元
Architects: Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes
Location:  Mont Saint-Michel, 50170 Mont Saint-Michel, France
Engineers:  schlaich bergermann und partner
Year:  2014
Photographs:  Mathias Neveling, Pavel Rak, David Boureau, Michael Zimmermann
Competition Team : Christian Schmölz, Gabriel Augier, Rupert Siller, Ulrike Plos, Barbara Feichtinger-Felber, Michael Felder, Wolfgang Juen, Frank Hinterleithner, Paul-Eric Schirr-Bonnans, José-Luis Fuentes, Armelle Lavalou
Project Team: José Luis Fuentes, Christian Wittmeir, Guy Deshayes, Mathias Neveling, Arne Speiser
Overall Length Of The Access :  1841 m
Length Of The Causeway: 1085 m
Length Of The Bridge:  756 m
Building Coste: 31 M€

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。
编辑:罗晓茜,vigo

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