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Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第1张图片
© Jesper Ray


The Quota House is part of a large development project: The MiniCO2 Houses. The project involves a total of six detached houses, each of which illustrates various aspects of reducing CO2 emissions in the construction, use and maintenance of a house.

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第2张图片
© Jesper Ray


The Quota House focuses on occupant behaviour and patterns of consumption, examining the degree to which carbon emissions can be reduced when the occupants are supported in more environmentally friendly behaviour – including the adoption of a quota system, a form of “budget” account which sets a clear, low target for the maximum carbon emissions the occupants should aim for each month.

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第3张图片
© Helene Høyer Mikkelsen


There are three ways in which the house and its occupants can help to reduce CO2 consumption: Firstly, via the architecture of the building, with functions suitably located in relation to daylight and solar orientation and to the need for privacy and family togetherness. Secondly, via built-in technology the house monitors and provides feedback on the consumption of electricity, heating and hot and cold water. And finally, by the occupants voluntarily observing an energy quota, which sets a maximum monthly target for the amount of CO2 they emit.

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第4张图片
© Helene Høyer Mikkelsen

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第5张图片


In the middle of the house is the so-called Climate Belt, a zone through which the occupants pass frequently during the course of the day. This is where they find the building’s information display, which conveniently lists consumption of electricity, water and heating, which can be read at any time and checked against the family’s daily and monthly quota.
Below the screen is the house’s emergency start button, in all senses a central element of life in the Quota House. If the family has exceeded its energy quota, the house shuts down. However, pressing the start button instantly reactivates all systems – but pushing the button also reminds occupants that they have exceeded their energy quota and must begin “putting energy aside” for next month.

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第6张图片
© Jesper Ray

•        Quota住宅设置了每个月的碳排放量,居住者对这个额度负责;
•        Quota住宅内置的技术有助于居住者在合适的时候关掉灯,打开加热和通风,使对使用过能源量进行更新。
•        Quota住宅设计更能节约能源,例如在室外庭院烘干进而节约了用烘干机烘干的能源,储藏室节省了冰箱空间,一个可供多种电子媒体活动的多媒体房间代替了里作为传统空间中心位置的客厅。

Behaviour-Influencing Parameters
Smarter occupant behaviour combined with an overall vision to reduce carbon emissions has been incorporated into the design of the house. This means that:
•        The Quota House sets a limit on the monthly level of carbon emissions for which the occupants are responsible.
•        The Quota House has built-in technology which helps occupants to turn off lights, switch on heating and ventilate at the appropriate times – and keeps them updated on the amount of energy they have used.
•        The design of the Quota House makes it easier to conserve energy, e.g. via a covered outdoor drying courtyard which saves on tumble drying, a larder which saves on refrigerator space and a multimedia room which provides space for a more conscious use of electronic media instead of the traditional central location in the living room.

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第7张图片

由于Quota 住宅还未居住,因此一个家庭的能源消耗还没有具体的计算数字。但在丹麦建筑研究所的研究人员的合作下所编制的生命周期的数据,认为这将有可能使显著减少电费和取暖的总消费量 ,在碳排放量上面也同样如此。

Reducing Carbon Emissions
The Quota House is not yet occupied. No specific calculations are therefore available yet of a family’s energy consumption. But life-cycle analysis figures prepared in co-operation with researchers at SBi, the Danish Building Research Institute, suggest that it will be possible to make significant reductions in the total consumption of electricity and heating – and therefore in carbon emissions.

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第8张图片
© Helene Høyer Mikkelsen

Quota 住宅在50年使用寿命期间里面电力和供暖消费减少排放的二氧化碳量是15 - 10千克二氧化碳/。对于参考之家,供暖对应消耗的电力是24千克二氧化碳/ m2/年和13千克二氧化碳/ m2/年。Quota 住宅结构生命周期的材料消耗是6千克二氧化碳/ m2/年,即比参考之家(在50年使用寿命期间5千克二氧化碳/m2/年)的等效数字略高。

CO2 emissions stemming from consumption of electricity and heating during the service life of the Quota House are 15 and 10 kg of CO2/m2/year respectively over a 50-year period. For the Reference House, the corresponding figures are 24 kg of CO2/m2/year for consumed electricity and 13 kg of CO2/m2/year for consumed heating. Material consumption for the life cycle of the structure of the Quota House is 6 kg CO2/m2/year, i.e. slightly higher than the equivalent figures for the Reference House (5 kg CO2/m2/year over a 50-year period).

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第9张图片
© Jesper Ray


The MiniCO2 Houses Development Project
The Maintenance-Free House is one of six demonstration homes built in the coastal town of Nyborg in central Denmark. Five of the houses examine various ways of reducing carbon emissions; the sixth house brings these experiences together.

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第10张图片
© Helene Høyer Mikkelsen


For many years, the efforts of the building industry to reduce CO2 emissions – not without reason – have focused on energy for heating and therefore also on airtightness and insulation. However, as national and EU building requirements become ever stricter in this area, it becomes relevant to examine how the industry can also reduce carbon emissions – for example, in terms of materials and of user behaviour.

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第11张图片
© Jesper Ray

•        建筑类型:单一家庭独立屋
•        尺寸:130-172㎡
•        能量准则:丹麦的2015标准
•        预算:正常的经济
•        建筑设计:广泛的吸引力
•        未来:完成试验后出售住宅

The main objective of the MiniCO2 Houses development project is thus to reduce CO2emissions in the construction, operation and maintenance of a house. The six houses share the same overall principles:
•        Building type: Single-family detached home
•        Size: 130 to 172 m2
•        Energy guidelines: Danish 2015 Standards
•        Budget: Normal economy
•        Architectural design: Broad appeal
•        Future: Sale of the house after completed experiment

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第12张图片
© Jesper Ray & Helene Høyer Mikkelsen

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第13张图片
© Jesper Ray

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第14张图片
© Jesper Ray

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第15张图片

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第16张图片

Quota住宅 / Pluskontoret Arkitekter第17张图片
© Jesper Ray

建筑师: pluskontoret arkitekter
年份: 2013
照片: Jesper Ray, Helene Høyer Mikkelsen
开发商:Realdania Byg A/S
承包商: Murermestrene Thomas Hans
Architects: Pluskontoret Arkitekter
Location: 5800 Nyborg, Denmark
Area: 138.0 sqm
Year: 2013
Photographs: Jesper Ray, Helene Høyer Mikkelsen
Developer: Realdania Byg A/S
Engineer: MOE
Contractor: Murermestrene Thomas Hans
Anthropologist: The Alexandra Institute
Knowledge Partners: Danish Building Research Institute (Aalborg University), Zense Technology




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  • 2014.10.09 19:47
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