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Tsm3多变住宅/ Carlos Arroyo/Tsm3 Unstable House / Carlos Arroyo第1张图片

建筑师:Carlos Arroyo
地点:西班牙,马德里
建筑师负责人:Carlos Arroyo Arquitectos
设计团队:Carlos Arroyo, Vanessa Cerezo
面积:154.0平方米
年份:2011年
摄影:Miguel de Guzman,图片由Carlos Arroyo Arquitectos提供
承包商:  Manuel Ocana, Valeriano Sandia
结构:BEdV
•        西班牙,马德里,Carlos Arroyo,住宅类
Architects: Carlos Arroyo
Location: Madrid, Spain
Architect In Charge: Carlos Arroyo Arquitectos
Design Team: Carlos Arroyo, Vanessa Cerezo
Area: 154.0 sqm
Year: 2011
Contractors: Manuel Ocana, Valeriano Sandia
Structure: BEdV
Photographs: Miguel de Guzman, Courtesy of Carlos Arroyo Arquitectos
•        Houses Selected WorksCarlos Arroyo Madrid Spain


Tsm3多变住宅/ Carlos Arroyo/Tsm3 Unstable House / Carlos Arroyo第2张图片

TSM3多变住宅位于马德里中心,为原底层只有59.8㎡的台地老建筑基础上扩建了2.5层而成,扩建后面积为154㎡。该设计将原建筑结构改造为可以随时灵活多变的住房加办公室。所有的建筑元素都将生活空间界定为多变的空间。建筑师并非通过墙、结构抑或缺口来界定和限制这些建筑元素,而是而是通过使用一系列的设施来打造改变和情境的。
TSM3  Unstable Housecombines the restoration of the ground floor of a 59,80 sqm terraced property in the centre of Madrid, and the construction of 2,5 new floors on top, with 154 sqm. The design dematerializes the original construction into a flexible home-cum-office that can change anytime. All the elements that define the living space are in a state of flux. The architecture does not seek to define and limit through fixed elements such as structures, walls or gaps, but rather through a series of devices producing actions or situations.

Tsm3多变住宅/ Carlos Arroyo/Tsm3 Unstable House / Carlos Arroyo第3张图片

灵活多变的门面。建筑的表面再现了传统的19世纪建筑。当时,建筑必须依法符合下列市政法规。然而,由于其轻质的建筑和现代的施工,该建筑可以通过转化室内外、隐私和景观之间的关系而得以改变。在太阳的普照下,这可以形成室内多种建筑功能的转换切口,让我们可以以21世纪典型的态度来改变空间体验,并适应其中。
Unstable facade. The facade starts out as a reproduction of traditional 19th-century architecture to which the building must legally conform following municipal regulations for the historic centre. And yet, due to its light construction and contemporary manufacture, it can be modified by transforming the relationship between exterior and interior, privacy, and views. This provides, under the heat and light from the sun, an interface between the versatile interior, allowing us to modify the experience, adapting it, in a typically 21st century attitude.

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19世纪的门面:根据前辈负载传输标准的基础上形成的视觉原则。
20世纪的门面:根据几何标准。墙壁即为建筑表面,为一种根据象自主组合规则形成的纤维。
21世纪的门面:将被自动构成,是室内、外之间关系作用的结果,根据环境条件,如自然光,阳光暴晒、保温、通风和湿度、以及隐私或希望在隐私和公共空间的中间。根据天气决定形式和功能。
•  A 19th CENTURY FACADE may be composed, following visual criteria based on the ancestral principles of load transmission.
•  A 20th CENTURY FACADE may be composed following geometric criteria. The walls are a skin, a fabric with abstract autonomous composition rules.
•  A 21st CENTURY FACADE will be automatically composed, as the result of the relation between inside and outside, following environmental conditions: natural light, sun exposure, insulation, ventilation and humidity, as well as privacy or the wish to linger in an intermediate private-public position. Form and Function follow the Weather.


Tsm3多变住宅/ Carlos Arroyo/Tsm3 Unstable House / Carlos Arroyo第5张图片

市政法规要求新建筑物使用传统的“马德里式”粉笔渲染,是一种典型的巴洛克式trompe-l’oeil渲染技术,以再现砖石的图案。我们将粉笔渲染的厚度减少为1.5毫米的板材,板材为按照砖石嵌合比例黑漆镀锌钢框架内相适应的聚苯乙烯板材
天蓝色是马德里一种传统的巴洛克式色彩,也是保温材料的颜色。在文化可持续性发展的基础上加入了传统的意象。
黑色的建筑框架使人们回想起18世纪经典的“剪影”,同时也适合当代的图形意象。
Municipal regulations require new buildings to use the traditional ‘Madrid-style’ chalk-based rendering, a typically baroque trompe-l’oeil rendering reproducing the patterns of stone ashlars. We reduce the thickness of the chalk rendering to 1.5 mm on a sheet of extrusion polystyrene fitted within black-lacquered galvanized steel frames with the proportions of the ashlars.
Sky blue is a traditional baroque colour in Madrid, but also the colour of the insulation material, joining traditional imaginary with the development of a culture of sustainability.
The black colour of the frames recalls the classic “silhouettes” of the eighteenth century, while also fitting into the contemporary graphic imagery.


Tsm3多变住宅/ Carlos Arroyo/Tsm3 Unstable House / Carlos Arroyo第6张图片

结构:该建筑建立在原有18世纪老建筑的实心承重墙基础上,底层由于使用邻近的修道院,只有一半可以进入。新建筑的一半采用悬臂结构跨过修道院部分,并采用醒目的蓝色钢架支撑。在新的楼层不只有砖石。其10厘米超薄金属楼板与细木工融合在一起,更加轻便。
Structure. The building is constructed on top of an existing solid brick structure, with original 18th-century supporting walls, its ground floor being only half-accessible due to a right of use held by the neighbouring convent. Half the new building is cantilevered over the convent part, and supported by strikingly visible blue-painted steel beams. In the new floors there is not a single brick. The 10cm-thin metal floor slabs blend in with the joinery, providing greater lightness.

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灵活性:该设计为一个灵活的,可以随时间变化和发展的住宅系统和/或办公室系统。每层楼都分为两大空间区域,分别位于中心楼梯两侧。主要设施都集中在中央通道内,可以根据规划的需要,在没有灰色能源浪费的基础上,增添或减少潮湿的地方。墙壁上均采用OSB板螺丝,方便建筑和其技术服务的改造。所有的建筑材料是可重复利用的。运输施工是最基本的安排,大型的单一空间加之较少的部分,连同建筑规范界定了如何在未来引入新的用途。
Flexibility. The design is a flexible system of housing and / or office that can change and evolve with time. Each floor is divided in two large adaptable spaces either side of the stairs. The main installations are concentrated within a practicable central passage which allows wet areas to be added or removed depending on programme needs with no grey energy waste. The walls are finished with screw-on OSB panels to facilitate the transformation of the building and its technical services. All building materials are reusable. The delivered construction is the most basic arrangement, a large single-space lofty envelope with very few partitions, together with instructions defining how to introduce new uses in the future.

Tsm3多变住宅/ Carlos Arroyo/Tsm3 Unstable House / Carlos Arroyo第8张图片

生物气候。厚厚的地面及地下室的砖墙,提供了许多热惯性。其可以通过中央的流通空间以及滑动玻璃开口重新获得。双层墙壁的屋顶花园可作为冬季的温室或在夏季太阳能烟囱, 从而打造通过从入口到狭窄街道地下室的草图。
该建筑采用双排水系统以分离住宅内灰色和黑色的水,以便前者可以在地下室区域得以提纯,并再次用于冲厕和为植物的浇水系统。可见,建筑物内的水循环是可预见的。
TSM3是专为变型而设计的。它是一栋多变的房子,永远不会完工。
Bioclimatics. The thick ground floor and basement brick walls provide masses of thermal inertia which can be reconducted through the central circulation space, with sliding glass openings. The double-layered wall roof garden works as a greenhouse in winter or as a solar chimney in the summer, to create the draft through the basement from inlets to the narrow street.
Water recycling within the building is foreseen, with a dual drain system separating gray and black water in-house, so that the former can be purified in the basement area and re-used for toilet flushing and the drip-watering system for plants.
TSM3 is designed for change and transformation. It is an unstable house. It will never be finished.


Tsm3多变住宅/ Carlos Arroyo/Tsm3 Unstable House / Carlos Arroyo第9张图片

Floor Plan 楼层平面图
Tsm3多变住宅/ Carlos Arroyo/Tsm3 Unstable House / Carlos Arroyo第10张图片

Detail 细节图
Tsm3多变住宅/ Carlos Arroyo/Tsm3 Unstable House / Carlos Arroyo第11张图片

Detail 细节图

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